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Latest Cytogenetics Stories

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2010-01-14 11:02:50

Contrary to a widely held scientific theory that the mammalian Y chromosome is slowly decaying or stagnating, new evidence suggests that in fact the Y is actually evolving quite rapidly through continuous, wholesale renovation. By conducting the first comprehensive interspecies comparison of Y chromosomes, Whitehead Institute researchers have found considerable differences in the genetic sequences of the human and chimpanzee Ys"”an indication that these chromosomes have evolved more...

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2009-12-10 14:01:35

EMBL scientists uncover the gene responsible for keeping females female Is it a boy or a girl? Expecting parents may be accustomed to this question, but contrary to what they may think, the answer doesn't depend solely on their child's sex chromosomes. Scientists at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) in Heidelberg, Germany and the Medical Research Council's National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR) at Mill Hill, UK discovered that if a specific gene located on a non-sex...

2009-12-10 12:53:49

Researchers have discovered a new explanation for differences in the severity of mental illness in males. The more excess copies of a certain gene, the more serious the handicap. The genetic defect is situated on the X-chromosome; and it is suspected that it is the amount of copies of the GDI1 gene that is responsible. The results are being published in the American Journal of Human Genetics, and are the result of work by the group of Guy Froyen connected to VIB, a life sciences research...

2009-12-07 18:49:44

Animal study demonstrates how whole chromosome changes cause cancer Mayo Clinic researchers have proven the longstanding theory that changes in the number of whole chromosomes -- called aneuploidy -- can cause cancer by eliminating tumor suppressor genes. Their findings, which appear in the current issue of the journal Cancer Cell along with an independent commentary on the discovery, end a major controversy in the field of cancer research as to whether aneuploidy is a cause or a consequence...

2009-11-18 15:49:22

A study by neuroscientist William C. Mobley, MD, PhD, chair of the Department of Neurosciences at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, and colleagues at Stanford University Medical School has demonstrated a possible new approach to slowing the inevitable progression of cognitive decline found in Down\'s syndrome. The study, published in Science Translational Medicine on November 18, revealed two important new findings about Down\'s syndrome in a mouse model: 1) there is...

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2009-11-14 07:49:18

Meiosis "“ the pairing and recombination of chromosomes, followed by segregation of half to each egg or sperm cell "“ is a major crossroads in all organisms reproducing sexually. Yet, how the cell precisely choreographs these chromosomal interactions is a long-standing question. New findings by University of California, Berkeley, scientists show that the cell's cytoskeleton, which moves things around in the cell, plays a critical role, essentially reaching into the nucleus to...

2009-11-11 07:00:00

INDIANAPOLIS and CHICAGO, Nov. 11 /PRNewswire/ -- Dow AgroSciences LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE: DOW), and Chromatin Inc. announced today that the companies have entered into two agreements: the first provides Dow with rights to Chromatin's Mini-Chromosome technology and the second establishes an exclusive research and license agreement to combine EXZACT(TM) Precision Technology with Mini-Chromosomes, creating a novel technology platform for the...

2009-11-09 06:00:00

BEIJING, Nov. 9 /PRNewswire-Asia-FirstCall/ -- China Medical Technologies, Inc. (the "Company") (Nasdaq: CMED), a leading China-based medical device company that develops, manufactures and markets advanced in-vitro diagnostic products, today announced that the Company has received approval for its Leukemia BCR/ABL fusion gene detection FISH Probe (the "Leukemia BCR/ABL FISH Probe") from the State Food and Drug Administration of China (the "SFDA"). The Leukemia BCR/ABL FISH Probe is a...

2009-10-27 12:47:34

Cornell researchers have discovered a genetic mechanism in fruit flies that prevents two closely related species from reproducing, a finding that offers clues to how species evolve. When two populations of a species become geographically isolated from each other, their genes diverge from one another over time. Eventually, when a male from one group mates with a female from the other group, the offspring will die or be born sterile, as crosses between horses and donkeys produce sterile mules....

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2009-09-20 08:50:00

Men that suffer from a rare disease where they are plagued with extra female genes can still produce children after having surgery that gathers their sperm, says a new study. Men with Klinefelter's syndrome have an extra X chromosome. Usually men have a single X and Y-chromosome, and women have two X chromosomes. Men with Klinefelter's syndrome have two X and one Y chromosome, which can affect their fertility. Dr. Ranjith Ramasamy at New York-Presbyterian Hospital employed a surgery that...


Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'