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Mysterious Dance Of Dwarf Galaxies May Force A Cosmic

Mysterious Dance Of Dwarf Galaxies May Force A Cosmic Rethink

Verity Leatherdale, University of Sydney The discovery that many small galaxies throughout the universe do not 'swarm' around larger ones like bees do but 'dance' in orderly disc-shaped orbits is a challenge to our understanding of how the...

Latest Dark matter Stories

2014-07-25 09:42:19

Science China Press The new PandaX facility, located deep underground in the southwestern Chinese province of Sichuan, hosts a large liquid-xenon detector designed to search for direct evidence of dark matter interactions with the nuclei of xenon and to observe 136Xe double-beta decay. The detector's central vessel was designed to accommodate a staged target volume increase from an initial 120 kg (stage I) to 0.5 t (stage II) and ultimately to a multi-ton scale. The technical design...

2014-07-21 09:39:42

Yale University From the physics labs at Yale University to the bottom of a played-out gold mine in South Dakota, a new generation of dark matter experiments is ready to commence. The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science and the National Science Foundation recently gave the go-ahead to LUX-Zeplin (LZ), a key experiment in the hunt for dark matter, the invisible substance that may make up much of the universe. Daniel McKinsey, a professor of physics, leads a contingent of Yale...

new galaxies
2014-07-14 04:48:46

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online While images of the Milky Way or Andromeda galaxies may dominate our mind’s image of what a galaxy looks like, the fact is that the largest objects in the Universe come in all shapes and sizes. In fact, most galaxies in the cosmos are known as dwarf galaxies. These systems are, as the name might suggest, smaller versions of the elliptical, spiral, and irregular galaxies that usually spring to mind. In many cases, these...

Droplets of star formation
2014-07-11 04:28:47

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As astronomers have sought to understand the formation and evolution of galaxies, a handful of simple truths have emerged. Despite many questions remaining, we know that galaxies form in clusters, and create interlinked chains and structures that create a spider web across the cosmos. [ Watch the Video: Hubblecast 76: Merging Galaxies And Droplets Of Starbirth ] Because they often move through the Universe in such close...

intergalactic hydrogen
2014-07-09 04:31:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The amount of light originating from known populations of galaxies and quasars is far less than the amount required to explain the amount of hydrogen that helps bridge empty spaces between galaxies, according to research appearing in a recent edition of The Astrophysical Journal Letters. In fact, as lead author Juna Kollmeier of the Carnegie Institution for Science and her colleagues explained in a statement Tuesday, the...

2014-07-07 10:02:49

Science China Press The PandaX experiment of China, which is located in the deepest underground laboratory, has released its technical design report recently. The full article will appear in SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy. The Particle and Astrophysical Xenon (PandaX) collaboration was established in 2009 and mainly supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Education in China,the Natural Science Foundation of China,and Shanghai Jiao Tong...

Scientists Reformulate Their Knowledge Of Dark Matter
2014-07-04 09:21:15

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For decades, the mystery of Dark Matter has been at the forefront of physics research. Since the 1930s, scientists have been aware that all of the mass that we can see – the stars, the dust, the planets, and black holes – makes up only 20% of the Universe. The rest, it seems, is made of some other form of matter; something different than the protons, neutrons, and electrons that we are most familiar with. There were many...

dark matter mystery
2014-06-26 14:13:25

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to astrophysicists, dark matter is the key to understanding the universe as it comprises 85 percent of all mass found in it and is suspected to have caused the growth of galaxies. In a new study to be presented at the Royal Astronomical Society's National Astronomy Meeting, scientists from that country’s Durham University have found a possible explanation for why some dark matter didn’t form galaxies in the early Universe...

Perseus Cluster
2014-06-25 04:35:24

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Using the ESA’s XMM-Newton and NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, astronomers have located a mysterious X-ray signal that could be produced by sterile neutrinos – particles that are a potential candidate for the abundant and essentially invisible substance known as dark matter. [ What Is Dark Matter?: Podcast Interview With Dr. Matthew Walker ] Thanks to the two high-powered observatories, Dr. Esra Bulbul of the...

Bullet Group
2014-06-14 03:00:23

ESA Galaxies are not as isolated as they at first glance may seem; on a cosmic scale they congregate in clumps along with dark matter and hot gas. The colorful blob in this new composite image, based on data from several telescopes including ESA's XMM-Newton, is the group of galaxies known as the Bullet Group. Its components appear to be clearly separated, with the hot gas partitioned from the rest of the mass within the group. This is the smallest object ever found to show such an effect,...


Latest Dark matter Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

45_03c916cf051c1a581c0d52b3ccdd7561
2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

45_ea0b4f3c063ef1aeec4ef6fed79a5d9d
2010-09-07 17:31:13

The Bullet Cluster is made up of two colliding clusters galaxies. According to a 2006 study, the Bullet Cluster also shows the best evidence for the existence of Dark Matter. From observations of galaxy cluster collisions it has been found that many show displacement between their center of visible matter and their gravitational potential. Each component, stars, gas, and dark matter, within a cluster pair behaves differently during a collision allowing for each to be studied separately....

45_274ba7ddcce89663fc213d79e864e44b
2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

67_d2968798d508f86b18fbbe3396553cd4
2010-09-13 16:46:47

The cluster CL0024+17, located in Pisces, is a galaxy cluster that is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. Dark matter does not reflect light and therefore cannot be seen. It is only detectable by the way its gravity affects the lights around it. Using gravitational lensing astronomers observe the distorted light around the dark matter and are able to tell where it is located within a cluster. A dark matter ring found near the cluster's center, by...

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Word of the Day
sough
  • A murmuring sound; a rushing or whistling sound, like that of the wind; a deep sigh.
  • A gentle breeze; a waft; a breath.
  • Any rumor that engages general attention.
  • A cant or whining mode of speaking, especially in preaching or praying; the chant or recitative characteristic of the old Presbyterians in Scotland.
  • To make a rushing, whistling, or sighing sound; emit a hollow murmur; murmur or sigh like the wind.
  • To breathe in or as in sleep.
  • To utter in a whining or monotonous tone.
According to the OED, from the 16th century, this word is 'almost exclusively Scots and northern dialect until adopted in general literary use in the 19th.'
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