POLARBEAR Seeks Cosmic Answers In Microwave Polarization

POLARBEAR Seeks Cosmic Answers In Microwave Polarization

Provided by Robert Sanders, University of California - Berkeley An international team of physicists has measured a subtle characteristic in the polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation that will allow them to map the...

Latest Dark matter Stories

milky way dark matter
2014-10-10 04:30:30

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of Australian astrophysicists has determined that the Milky Way has half as much dark matter as previously thought, according to a new study published in the Astrophysical Journal. Dark matter is a mysterious invisible substance that has profound gravitational effect throughout the universe. The researchers found that the amount of dark matter in our galaxy is 800,000,000,000 times the mass of the Sun. To reach their...

Sterile Neutrinos Remain Elusive
2014-10-06 03:49:53

Brookhaven National Laboratory The Daya Bay Collaboration, an international group of scientists studying the subtle transformations of subatomic particles called neutrinos, is publishing its first results on the search for a so-called sterile neutrino, a possible new type of neutrino beyond the three known neutrino "flavors," or types. The existence of this elusive particle, if proven, would have a profound impact on our understanding of the universe, and could impact the design of future...

dark matter AMS
2014-09-19 07:17:18

Chuck Bednar for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online Thanks to a particle detector module mounted to the exterior of the International Space Station (ISS), researchers from the MIT Laboratory for Nuclear Science and their colleagues have collected new measurements which could help scientists learn more about the origin and characteristics of dark matter. The unit, known as the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS), captures incoming cosmic rays from throughout the galaxy. Out of about 41...

distribution of dark matter
2014-09-09 11:12:54

Leighton Kitson, Durham University Scientists believe they have found a way to explain why there are not as many galaxies orbiting the Milky Way as expected. Computer simulations of the formation of our galaxy suggest that there should be many more, smaller galaxies around the Milky Way than are observed through telescopes. This has thrown doubt on the generally accepted theory of cold dark matter, a substance that scientists predict should allow for more galaxy formation around the...

dark matter
2014-09-05 09:05:24

Brendan M. Lynch, University of Kansas Astrophysicists believe that about 80 percent of the substance of our universe is made up of mysterious “dark matter” that can’t be perceived by human senses or scientific instruments. “Dark matter has not yet been detected in a lab. We infer about it from astronomical observations,” said Mikhail Medvedev, professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Kansas, who has just published breakthrough research on dark matter that...

2014-09-02 04:23:45

Chuck Bednar for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Thanks to one of the most sensitive neutrino detectors on Earth, physicists have for the first time confirmed the existence of low-energy neutrinos created by the “keystone” proton-proton (pp) fusion process taking place in the core of the sun, ending a search that has been going on in the scientific community for decades. The pp reaction, the researchers explain, is the first step of a reaction sequence responsible for roughly 99...

black hole growth
2014-08-12 07:56:18

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Several processes typically limit how quickly black holes can grow, so how did those located at the ends of the universe come to have masses equal to several billion suns? Researchers from the Wiezmann Institute of Science and Yale University have proposed a potential solution in the latest edition of the journal Science. These enormous black holes, the study authors noted in a statement, consume large quantities of interstellar...

extreme temperature evolution for WISE J0304-2705
2014-08-06 04:24:18

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online An object that is currently cool as a planet might have spent much of its youth as hot as a star, according to a new research paper appearing in the latest edition of the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. The object currently fluctuates between 200 and 300 degrees Fahrenheit (100 to 150 degrees Celsius), which is in between the temperatures of Earth and Venus, lead investigator David Pinfield of the...

farthest cosmic lens
2014-08-02 03:33:26

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A massive new elliptical galaxy unexpectedly discovered using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope is the most distant lensing galaxy ever discovered, officials from the US space agency confirmed in a statement Thursday. Lensing galaxies essentially act as a cosmic magnifying glass, and are large enough that their gravity can bend and distort light in such a way that they can make it easier to detect more distant objects in space....

2014-07-31 12:21:53

WASHINGTON, July 31, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have unexpectedly discovered the most distant galaxy that acts as a cosmic magnifying glass. Seen here as it looked 9.6 billion years ago, this monster elliptical galaxy breaks the previous record-holder by 200 million years. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO These "lensing" galaxies are so massive that their gravity bends, magnifies, and distorts light from...

Latest Dark matter Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

2010-09-07 17:31:13

The Bullet Cluster is made up of two colliding clusters galaxies. According to a 2006 study, the Bullet Cluster also shows the best evidence for the existence of Dark Matter. From observations of galaxy cluster collisions it has been found that many show displacement between their center of visible matter and their gravitational potential. Each component, stars, gas, and dark matter, within a cluster pair behaves differently during a collision allowing for each to be studied separately....

2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

2010-09-13 16:46:47

The cluster CL0024+17, located in Pisces, is a galaxy cluster that is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. Dark matter does not reflect light and therefore cannot be seen. It is only detectable by the way its gravity affects the lights around it. Using gravitational lensing astronomers observe the distorted light around the dark matter and are able to tell where it is located within a cluster. A dark matter ring found near the cluster's center, by...

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