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Latest Dark matter Stories

Galaxy Clusters Offer Insight On Dark Matter
2012-11-21 09:56:07

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Dark Energy is one of the major puzzles of modern astronomy, and one tool that astronomers use to understand this force is encoded in the distribution of clusters of galaxies. A new study by a team of astronomers, led by Dr. Jeeseon Song at the University of Michigan, has yielded exquisitely precise distances of a large sample of clusters. These precise distances may lead to breakthroughs in understanding the expansion history of our...

Dark Matter Detector Gets Helping Hand From Livermore Team
2012-11-16 05:58:38

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Nearly a mile underground beneath the Black Hills of South Dakota, scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) are using a tank to make key contributions to a physics experiment that will look for one of nature's most elusive particles, "dark matter." The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment located at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, SD is the most sensitive detector of its kind to look for...

Crowdsourcing Project Could Help Find Dark Matter
2012-11-01 04:18:38

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Elusive dark matter makes up for about 95 percent of the mass of the universe, but scientists have had a hard time finding it. Now, researchers are inviting the public to help them in searching for one of science's biggest mysteries. Astronomers from the University of Edinburgh have joined with crowdsourcing data science website Kaggle and Winton Capital Management to find people who are interested in taking up the challenge. The...

The Local Universe Offered Up In Unprecedented Detail
2012-10-31 13:21:28

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The intimate details of 100 galaxies in the local universe have been published by the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area survey (CALIFA). The survey offers up new data, representing the first large-scale effort at "two plus one" mapping of galaxies. For every pixel within each two-dimensional image, scientists could perform a detailed analysis and provide information about dynamics and chemical composition. This information could...

New Scenario for the Birth of Type Ia Supernovae
2012-10-26 05:49:37

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomer J. Craig Wheeler reports in The Astrophysical Journal that he has a new theory on the identity of the "parents" of Type Ia supernovae. Wheeler said that current theories of Type Ia parents do not correctly match up with telescope data on actual supernovae. There are two models today that attempt to explain how Type Ia supernovae are born, the first being "single-degenerate model." In this model, a binary star is made...

Stars Living On The Edge
2012-10-25 04:37:37

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A mysterious infrared glow seen across the entire sky comes from isolated stars beyond the edges of galaxies, according to a new study using data from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. The study, published in the journal Nature, suggests that these stars once belonged to the galaxies they edge up to, but were stripped away into the relatively empty space outside during violent galaxy mergers. Astronomers have disagreed for a long time...

Hubble Helps Map Dark Matter In 3D
2012-10-17 04:20:05

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A giant filament of dark matter extends 60 million light-years from one of the most massive galaxy clusters known. Leftover from the very first moments after the Big Bang, the filament is part of the cosmic web that constitutes the structure of the Universe. Scientists using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have studied this filament in 3D for the first time and conclude that if the filament is representative of the rest of the...

Galactic Collisions Between Big Galaxies Form Even Bigger Galaxies
2012-10-12 14:36:09

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online When massive galaxies belly-up to the interstellar buffet, their centers expand as they gobble up other galaxies that contain billions and billions of stars, according to a new report from University of Utah astronomers. "We found that during the last 6 billion years, the matter that makes up massive elliptical galaxies is getting more concentrated toward the centers of those galaxies. This is evidence that big galaxies are crashing...

Author Richard Panek Wins 2012 AIP Science Communication Awards For Science Writing
2012-10-11 08:12:40

The American Institute of Physics (AIP) has selected author Richard Panek as winner of this year´s AIP Science Communication Award in the Science Writing category for his book The 4% Universe: Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and the Race to Discover the Rest of Reality. The selection committee praised the book for its excellent writing and accurate depictions of the process of scientific investigation. “The mysteries of cosmology easily capture the imagination,” said...

Milky Way Larger Than Previously Thought
2012-10-06 07:49:29

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports — Your Universe Online The mass of the Milky Way is approximately 20% larger than previously believed, scientists from the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) have discovered. The NAOJ team, led by associate professor Mareki Honma, used measurements from radio telescopes, including Japan's VLBI (Very Long Baseline Interferometry) Exploration of Radio Astrometry or VERA device, to determine that the distance from the sun to the center...


Latest Dark matter Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

45_03c916cf051c1a581c0d52b3ccdd7561
2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

45_ea0b4f3c063ef1aeec4ef6fed79a5d9d
2010-09-07 17:31:13

The Bullet Cluster is made up of two colliding clusters galaxies. According to a 2006 study, the Bullet Cluster also shows the best evidence for the existence of Dark Matter. From observations of galaxy cluster collisions it has been found that many show displacement between their center of visible matter and their gravitational potential. Each component, stars, gas, and dark matter, within a cluster pair behaves differently during a collision allowing for each to be studied separately....

45_274ba7ddcce89663fc213d79e864e44b
2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

67_d2968798d508f86b18fbbe3396553cd4
2010-09-13 16:46:47

The cluster CL0024+17, located in Pisces, is a galaxy cluster that is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. Dark matter does not reflect light and therefore cannot be seen. It is only detectable by the way its gravity affects the lights around it. Using gravitational lensing astronomers observe the distorted light around the dark matter and are able to tell where it is located within a cluster. A dark matter ring found near the cluster's center, by...

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Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'