Last updated on April 17, 2014 at 14:51 EDT

Latest Dark matter Stories

Black Holes Unlikely To Help Explain Dark Matter
2014-01-21 04:38:37

[ Watch the Video: Dark Matter Not Linked To Primordial Black Holes ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Dark matter, the mysterious substance that comprises more than 85 percent of the universe, is unlikely to be made of primordial black holes due to the existence of neutron stars, astrophysicists from the University of Lisbon in Portugal and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) claim in a new study. The theory, originally proposed by Stephen...

quasar UM287
2014-01-20 04:49:41

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A distant quasar discovered by astronomers working at Hawaii’s WM Keck Observatory has for the first time revealed part of the filament networks believed to connect galaxies in a cosmic web, according to research published Sunday in the journal Nature. Using the observatory’s 10-meter Keck I Telescope, a team of researchers including first author Sebastiano Cantalupo, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California,...

Be Star Black Hole
2014-01-17 08:27:04

[ Watch the Video: Turn About Is Fair Play - Black Hole Caught Orbiting A Star ] John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Black holes, by their very definition, are difficult to find. Their density is so great, that light cannot be given off directly, and photons that stray too close are absorbed into the gravitational well. So researchers have to rely on indirect evidence that a black hole is present by searching for their effects on other nearby objects....

Currie Celestial Body_010914
2014-01-09 15:42:28

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the more interesting questions in astronomy surrounds how solar system objects actually form. Astronomers are particularly concerned about the boundary between a planet and a star. When examining the objects in our own solar neighborhood, the question seems trivial – the Sun dominates the mass of our system, while even the largest planet, Jupiter, is dwarfed by comparison. In other parts of the galaxy, stars exist that...

Storms As Big As Jupiter's 'Great Red Spot' Found On Brown Dwarfs
2014-01-07 11:57:11

[ Watch the Video: Torrential Storm Clouds On Brown Dwarfs ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most brown dwarfs may contain storms as big as Jupiter’s “Great Red Spot,” according to findings presented at the American Astronomical Society in Washington. Brown dwarfs are a form of star, but lack the mass to fuse atoms continually to turn themselves into a full-fledged star. The celestial bodies are like a cross between a Jupiter-sized gas planet and a star....

Brown Dwarf Binary System May Include A Hidden Planet
2013-12-17 04:15:33

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Analysis of the two brown dwarfs located closest to the sun suggests that there could actually be a third, previously undetected planetary-mass object, according to research published as a letter to the editor in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. Brown dwarfs, which are failed stars that have a mass of less than 8 percent the mass of the sun, are not massive enough to burn hydrogen in their centers. The system at the...

Where Brown Dwarfs End And Stars Begin
2013-12-15 04:37:49

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Stars form as interstellar gas accumulates, increasing in density and temperature. Eventually, the environment at the core of the object reaches a state where hydrogen begins fusing at a high enough rate that the outward radiation pressure and the inward gravitational force reach a balance, and a star is born. However, if the forming proto-star is not quite massive enough, the fusion process is not able to produce enough...

Lead Ingots From Shipwrecks Being Used To Hunt For Dark Matter
2013-12-02 08:18:12

Gerard LeBlond for redorbit.com - Your Universe Online A Roman vessel carrying ingots of lead, which was removed from the Sierra of Cartagena, sank more than two thousand years ago off the coast of Sardinia. Now, more than a hundred of these lead bricks have been used to build the ‘Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events’ (CUORE), an advanced detector of almost weightless subatomic particles (neutrinos) and is located at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory in Italy....

Neutron Star Mystery Heats Up
2013-12-02 04:34:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online New research appearing in the latest edition of the journal Nature is casting doubts on currently accepted theories has to how the surface of a neutron star heats itself up. Neutron stars are super-dense stars that form once a large star explodes, causing the core to collapse upon itself. Scientists had long believed that nuclear reactions within the crust contributed to the heating of the star’s surface, but Michigan State...

Non-Astronomy Scientists May Help Answer Cosmology Conundrum
2013-11-28 06:41:07

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Measuring the invisible and intangible is a challenge for sure, but scientists have made inroads on one front: the study of dark matter and dark energy, two of the most mysterious substances in the cosmos. Although dark matter is intermixed with normal matter, it gives off no light, making it impossible to see. Dark energy presents even more challenges, yet researchers believe it works against gravity to pull our universe apart at...

Latest Dark matter Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

2010-09-07 17:31:13

The Bullet Cluster is made up of two colliding clusters galaxies. According to a 2006 study, the Bullet Cluster also shows the best evidence for the existence of Dark Matter. From observations of galaxy cluster collisions it has been found that many show displacement between their center of visible matter and their gravitational potential. Each component, stars, gas, and dark matter, within a cluster pair behaves differently during a collision allowing for each to be studied separately....

2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

2010-09-13 16:46:47

The cluster CL0024+17, located in Pisces, is a galaxy cluster that is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. Dark matter does not reflect light and therefore cannot be seen. It is only detectable by the way its gravity affects the lights around it. Using gravitational lensing astronomers observe the distorted light around the dark matter and are able to tell where it is located within a cluster. A dark matter ring found near the cluster's center, by...

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