Latest Dark matter Stories

Fast Than The Speed Of Light? Not So Fast Scientists Say
2011-11-21 09:22:37

Italian scientists who had seemingly found further evidence that neutrino particles were in fact traveling faster than the speed of light based on experiments have been dealt a major blow over the weekend by another team working at the Gran Sasso laboratory in Italy that claims the evidence must be flawed, according to a recent Reuters report. An announcement in September by a team of scientists working on the OPERA (Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tracking Apparatus) experiment claiming...

New Tests Confirm Neutrinos Are Still Faster Than Light
2011-11-18 12:36:05

Scientists who believed to have found in September that certain neutrinos travel faster than light have ruled out a potential source of error in their measurements after completing a second round of tests, further fracturing Einstein´s theory of relativity. The team´s results, posted on the ArXiv preprint server this morning, confirmed their earlier measurements that neutrinos, sent through the ground from CERN -- on the Swiss-French border -- to the Gran Sasso lab in Italy 450...

Scientists Study 'Galaxy Zoo' Using Google Maps An Thousands Of Volunteers
2011-11-04 03:01:42

The reddest galaxies with the largest central bulb show the largest bars -gigantic central columns of stars and dark matter-, according to a scientific study that used Google Maps to observe the sky. A group of volunteers of more than 200,000 participants of the galaxy classification project Galaxy Zoo contributed to this research. More than two thirds of spiral galaxies, including our own Milky Way, display a central bar that can extend for thousands of light years. These colossal...

Image 1 - Planet-sized Object Is As Cool As The Earth
2011-10-20 06:45:36

The photo of a nearby star and its orbiting companion -- whose temperature is like a hot summer day in Arizona -- will be presented by Penn State Associate Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics Kevin Luhman during the Signposts of Planets conference at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center on 20 October 2011. A paper describing the discovery will be published in the Astrophysical Journal. "This planet-like companion is the coldest object ever directly photographed outside our solar system,"...

Researchers Explain How The Milky Way Killed Off Its Satellites
2011-10-18 08:09:33

Two researchers from Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg have revealed for the first time the existence of a new signature of the birth of the first stars in our galaxy, the Milky Way. More than 12 billion years ago, the intense ultraviolet light from these stars dispersed the gas of our Galaxy's nearest companions, virtually putting a halt to their ability to form stars and consigning them to a dim future. Now Pierre Ocvirk and Dominique Aubert, members of the Light in the Dark Ages of...

Relativity Corrections Could Explain Faster Than Light Neutrinos
2011-10-18 04:47:05

When researchers at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) observed what they believed to be sub-atomic particles moving faster than the speed of light, some believed that the discovery could challenge the very fundamental laws of the universe. It appears that those concerns were unfounded, as new research from scientists has shed light on exactly why CERN officials believe they witnessed beams of tiny particles of neutrinos traveling 60 nanoseconds (or 60 billionths of a second)...

Study Deepens Dark Matter Mystery
2011-10-17 13:15:18

Like all galaxies, our Milky Way is home to a strange substance called dark matter. Dark matter is invisible, betraying its presence only through its gravitational pull. Without dark matter holding them together, our galaxy's speedy stars would fly off in all directions. The nature of dark matter is a mystery -- a mystery that a new study has only deepened. "After completing this study, we know less about dark matter than we did before," said lead author Matt Walker, a Hubble Fellow at the...

Dark Matter Census From Hubble Survey
2011-10-13 10:31:56

[ Watch Video 1 ] | [ Watch Video 2 ] The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has been used to make an image of galaxy cluster MACS J1206.2-0847. The apparently distorted shapes of distant galaxies in the background is caused by an invisible substance called dark matter, whose gravity bends and distorts their light rays. MACS 1206 has been observed as part of a new survey of galaxy clusters using Hubble. Cluster MACS J1206.2-0847 (or MACS 1206 for short) is one of the first targets in a...

Image 1 - Bounty Of Failed Stars Found By Astronomers
2011-10-12 03:46:58

A University of Toronto-led team of astronomers has discovered over two dozen new free-floating brown dwarfs, including a lightweight youngster only about six times heftier than Jupiter, that reside in two young star clusters. What's more, one cluster contains a surprising surplus of them, harboring half as many of these astronomical oddballs as normal stars. "Our findings suggest once again that objects not much bigger than Jupiter could form the same way as stars do. In other words,...

2011-10-07 13:39:42

Using one of the most sensitive neutrino detectors on the planet, an international team including physicists Laura Cadonati and Andrea Pocar at the University of Massachusetts Amherst are now measuring the flow of solar neutrinos reaching earth more precisely than ever before. The detector probes matter at the most fundamental level and provides a powerful tool for directly observing the sun´s composition. Pocar, Cadonati and colleagues report in the current issue of Physical Review...

Latest Dark matter Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

2010-09-07 17:31:13

The Bullet Cluster is made up of two colliding clusters galaxies. According to a 2006 study, the Bullet Cluster also shows the best evidence for the existence of Dark Matter. From observations of galaxy cluster collisions it has been found that many show displacement between their center of visible matter and their gravitational potential. Each component, stars, gas, and dark matter, within a cluster pair behaves differently during a collision allowing for each to be studied separately....

2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

2010-09-13 16:46:47

The cluster CL0024+17, located in Pisces, is a galaxy cluster that is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. Dark matter does not reflect light and therefore cannot be seen. It is only detectable by the way its gravity affects the lights around it. Using gravitational lensing astronomers observe the distorted light around the dark matter and are able to tell where it is located within a cluster. A dark matter ring found near the cluster's center, by...

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Word of the Day
  • A terrible or repulsive person.
Regarding the etymology of 'humgruffin,' the OED says (rather unhelpfully) that it's a 'made-up word.' We might guess that 'hum' comes from 'humbug' or possibly 'hum' meaning 'a disagreeable smell,' while 'gruffin' could be a combination of 'gruff' and 'griffin.'