Latest Dark matter Stories

Supernovae Used To Gauge The Power Of Cosmic Lenses
2014-05-02 06:38:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Two teams of astronomers have used the Hubble Space Telescope to observe distant exploding stars, and their research could help determine the power of naturally-occurring “cosmic lenses” than can be used to magnify objects in the far-off universe, NASA officials announced on Thursday. The scientists, who are working independently, have studied three supernovae using the phenomenon of gravitational lensing, which causes the...

Magellan Telescopes at Las Campanas Observatory
2014-05-02 04:46:11

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In the normal course of evolution, galaxies initially formed stars as clouds of hydrogen and helium collapsed. Eventually the density and temperature of the cores would ignite nuclear fusion, allowing them to shine during what we call the main sequence phase of their lives. Eventually, stars will fuse heavier and heavier elements, with stars like our sun eventually culminating as balls of carbon and oxygen – in varying...

2014-05-01 16:20:59

WASHINGTON, May 1, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Distant exploding stars observed by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope are providing astronomers with a powerful tool to determine the strength of naturally-occurring "cosmic lenses" that are used to magnify objects in the remote universe. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO Two teams of astronomers, working independently, observed three such exploding stars, called supernovae. Their light was amplified by the immense...

Caltech's Cosmic Web Imager Directly Observes "Dim Matter"
2014-04-30 03:53:16

Cynthia Eller, California Institute of Technology Caltech astronomers have taken unprecedented images of the intergalactic medium (IGM)—the diffuse gas that connects galaxies throughout the universe—with the Cosmic Web Imager, an instrument designed and built at Caltech. Until now, the structure of the IGM has mostly been a matter for theoretical speculation. However, with observations from the Cosmic Web Imager, deployed on the Hale 200-inch telescope at Palomar Observatory,...

wise brown dwarf
2014-04-25 12:21:48

NASA NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) and Spitzer Space Telescope have discovered what appears to be the coldest "brown dwarf" known -- a dim, star-like body that, surprisingly, is as frosty as Earth's North Pole. Images from the space telescopes also pinpointed the object's distance to 7.2 light-years away, earning it the title for fourth closest system to our sun. The closest system, a trio of stars, is Alpha Centauri, at about 4 light-years away. "It's very...

Gravitational Lensing Confirmed As Source Of Super-Luminous Supernova
2014-04-25 08:51:29

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Four years ago a team of scientists observed a supernova – PS1-10afx – shining brighter than any other in its class. Reporting the observation last year in the Astrophysics Journal Letters, University of Tokyo researchers said they had discovered the first Type Ia Supernova (SNIa) that exploded more than nine billion years ago. Now, the same team of researchers, led by Robert Quimby, of the University of Tokyo’s Kavli...

Scientists Use Neutrons To Search For Dark Energy
2014-04-17 10:13:42

Vienna University of Technology With neutrons, scientists can now look for dark energy in the lab All the particles we know to exist make up only about five per cent of the mass and energy of the universe. The rest – "Dark Matter" and "Dark Energy" – remains mysterious. A European collaboration led by researchers from the Vienna University of Technology has now carried out extremely sensitive measurements of gravitational effects at very small distances at the Institut Laue-Langevin...

Syracuse University Plays Key Role In Search For Elusive Dark Matter
2014-04-11 13:31:00

By Rob Enslin, Syracuse University Physicist Richard Schnee hopes to find traces of dark matter by studying particles with low masses and interaction rates, some of which have never been probed before. The ongoing search for invisible dark matter is the subject of a recent article involving physicists from Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences. Research by Richard Schnee, assistant professor of physics, is referenced in Symmetry magazine, a joint publication of the...

Scientists Make The Most Precise Measurment Of Early Universe Yet
2014-04-08 07:50:37

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Two recent studies of the early Universe using the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), a component of the third Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III), have made the most accurate measurement of the rate of expansion in the early Universe to date. BOSS has pioneered the use of quasars to map density variations in intergalactic gas at high redshifts to trace the structure of the young Universe. BOSS helps scientists chart...

Monster Of A Galaxy Cluster - El Gordo Lives Up To Its Nickname
2014-04-04 07:03:29

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online | Source Material Provided by NASA El Gordo is Spanish for "the fat one," and the nickname of the largest galaxy known galaxy cluster in the distant universe, ACT-CLJ0102-4915. A new study from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope reveals that the galaxy cluster, which is 9.7 billion light-years from Earth, definitely lives up to its nickname. According to a NASA report, a team of astronomers measured how much the cluster's gravity warps...

Latest Dark matter Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

2010-09-07 17:31:13

The Bullet Cluster is made up of two colliding clusters galaxies. According to a 2006 study, the Bullet Cluster also shows the best evidence for the existence of Dark Matter. From observations of galaxy cluster collisions it has been found that many show displacement between their center of visible matter and their gravitational potential. Each component, stars, gas, and dark matter, within a cluster pair behaves differently during a collision allowing for each to be studied separately....

2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

2010-09-13 16:46:47

The cluster CL0024+17, located in Pisces, is a galaxy cluster that is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. Dark matter does not reflect light and therefore cannot be seen. It is only detectable by the way its gravity affects the lights around it. Using gravitational lensing astronomers observe the distorted light around the dark matter and are able to tell where it is located within a cluster. A dark matter ring found near the cluster's center, by...

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'Cacodemon' comes from a Greek term meaning 'evil genius.'