Latest Dark matter Stories

Computer Simulations Reveal The Destruction Of A Star As It Falls Into A Black Hole
2014-02-19 05:24:10

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Exploring the universe's most violent events using computer simulations is what Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz does. So in 2012, when the first detailed observations of a star being ripped apart by a black hole were reported in Nature, Ramirez-Ruiz was eager to compare the data to his simulations. This was especially true because he doubted one of the published conclusions: that the disrupted star was a rare helium star. "I was sure it was a...

Massive Neutrinos Help Solve A Cosmological Conundrum
2014-02-10 09:36:04

University of Manchester Scientists have solved a major problem with the current standard model of cosmology identified by combining results from the Planck spacecraft and measurements of gravitational lensing in order to deduce the mass of ghostly sub-atomic particles called neutrinos. The team, from the universities of Manchester and Nottingham, used observations of the Big Bang and the curvature of space-time to accurately measure the mass of these elementary particles for the first...

Radio Telescope Arrays Can Be Used To Locate Cosmic Heating From The Earliest Black Holes
2014-02-06 05:05:02

[ Watch the Video: Black Holes Heated Gas Later Than Believed ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online In what is being described as a landmark discovery about the origins of the universe, Tel Aviv University researchers report in the journal Nature that black holes, formed from the first-ever stars, heated the gas throughout space much later than previously believed. In addition, study authors Professor Rennan Barkana of TAU's School of Physics and Astronomy, Dr....

Brown Dwarf Weather Map
2014-01-29 13:17:01

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists using the Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the European Southern Observatory created the world’s first map of the weather on the surface of a brown dwarf. The international team developed a map featuring the dark and light features of WISE J104915.57-531906.1B, which is the nearest brown dwarf to Earth. This brown dwarf, informally known as Luhman 16B, is one of two recently discovered brown dwarfs only six light years away...

FIRE Project Explains Galactic Masses
2014-01-23 09:00:42

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A puzzling contradiction has challenged astrophysicists for decades: many galactic wind models—which are simulations of how matter is distributed in the universe—predict that most of the "normal" matter exists in stars at the center of galaxies. However, these stars actually only account for less than 10 percent of the matter in the universe. Now, new simulations have revealed insight into this mismatch between models and reality,...

Black Holes Unlikely To Help Explain Dark Matter
2014-01-21 04:38:37

[ Watch the Video: Dark Matter Not Linked To Primordial Black Holes ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Dark matter, the mysterious substance that comprises more than 85 percent of the universe, is unlikely to be made of primordial black holes due to the existence of neutron stars, astrophysicists from the University of Lisbon in Portugal and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) claim in a new study. The theory, originally proposed by Stephen...

quasar UM287
2014-01-20 04:49:41

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A distant quasar discovered by astronomers working at Hawaii’s WM Keck Observatory has for the first time revealed part of the filament networks believed to connect galaxies in a cosmic web, according to research published Sunday in the journal Nature. Using the observatory’s 10-meter Keck I Telescope, a team of researchers including first author Sebastiano Cantalupo, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California,...

Be Star Black Hole
2014-01-17 08:27:04

[ Watch the Video: Turn About Is Fair Play - Black Hole Caught Orbiting A Star ] John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Black holes, by their very definition, are difficult to find. Their density is so great, that light cannot be given off directly, and photons that stray too close are absorbed into the gravitational well. So researchers have to rely on indirect evidence that a black hole is present by searching for their effects on other nearby objects....

Currie Celestial Body_010914
2014-01-09 15:42:28

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the more interesting questions in astronomy surrounds how solar system objects actually form. Astronomers are particularly concerned about the boundary between a planet and a star. When examining the objects in our own solar neighborhood, the question seems trivial – the Sun dominates the mass of our system, while even the largest planet, Jupiter, is dwarfed by comparison. In other parts of the galaxy, stars exist that...

Storms As Big As Jupiter's 'Great Red Spot' Found On Brown Dwarfs
2014-01-07 11:57:11

[ Watch the Video: Torrential Storm Clouds On Brown Dwarfs ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most brown dwarfs may contain storms as big as Jupiter’s “Great Red Spot,” according to findings presented at the American Astronomical Society in Washington. Brown dwarfs are a form of star, but lack the mass to fuse atoms continually to turn themselves into a full-fledged star. The celestial bodies are like a cross between a Jupiter-sized gas planet and a star....

Latest Dark matter Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

2010-09-07 17:31:13

The Bullet Cluster is made up of two colliding clusters galaxies. According to a 2006 study, the Bullet Cluster also shows the best evidence for the existence of Dark Matter. From observations of galaxy cluster collisions it has been found that many show displacement between their center of visible matter and their gravitational potential. Each component, stars, gas, and dark matter, within a cluster pair behaves differently during a collision allowing for each to be studied separately....

2010-09-07 17:03:18

The Abell 520 galaxy cluster is an strange structure formed by a major merger. Due to its odd and chaotic nature it has been given the nick-name the Train Wreck Cluster. The Dark Matter within the cluster does not act as expected like it does in other clusters, therefore, Abell 520 creates problems for many of the prevailing theories about Dark Matter. It also disrupts many alternative theories of modified gravity. Similar to the Bullet Cluster the gas contents and galaxies within the...

2010-09-13 16:46:47

The cluster CL0024+17, located in Pisces, is a galaxy cluster that is allowing astronomers to probe the distribution of dark matter in space. Dark matter does not reflect light and therefore cannot be seen. It is only detectable by the way its gravity affects the lights around it. Using gravitational lensing astronomers observe the distorted light around the dark matter and are able to tell where it is located within a cluster. A dark matter ring found near the cluster's center, by...

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Word of the Day
  • A small crescent-shaped structure or marking, especially the white area at the base of a fingernail that resembles a half-moon.
This word is a diminutive of the Latin 'luna,' moon.