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Latest Demospongiae Stories

Different Sponge Species Have Highly Specific And Stable Microbiomes
2014-01-22 11:05:56

The sea sponge is about as simple as an animal can get, but its associated bacterial community—its microbiome —is known to approach the complexity of the diverse microbiome in the human gut.


Latest Demospongiae Reference Libraries

Stovepipe Sponge, Aplysina archeri
2014-01-05 00:00:00

The Stovepipe Sponge (Aplysina archeri) is a species of tube sponge found mainly in the Atlantic Ocean, including the waters around the Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida, and Bonaire. This species has long tube-like structures cylindrical in nature and many tubes are attached to one particular part of the organism. The tubes occur in varying colors including lavender, gray and brown. The Stovepipe Sponge is a filter feeder and eats food such as plankton or suspended detritus as it passes by...

Bath Sponge, Spongia officinalis
2014-01-05 00:00:00

The Bath Sponge (Spongia officinalis) is a species of sponge found throughout the Mediterranean Sea, and also in the Caribbean Sea and the West Indies. It is a commercially important specimen; However, increased harvesting has led to a decrease in population. It is hermaphroditic and can reproduce asexually by means of budding or through sexual reproduction. It is dark gray in color in the sea, but when dried after removal from the sea, it turns yellow or brownish in color. Young larvae...

Xestospongia testudinaria
2014-01-05 00:00:00

Xestospongia testudinaria is a species of barrel sponge in the Petrosiidae family. It is found in the Philippines, Australia, western and central Indian Ocean, Indonesia, Malaya, and New Caledonia. This species ranges in size from 3.9 to 7.9 inches in length and 3.9 to 7.9 inches in diameter in intertidal zones. It is maroon to pink, with the opening of the barrel pale white. Specimens are often found emerging from an apparent common base. Image Caption: Xestospongia testudinaria....

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Word of the Day
inwit
  • Inward knowledge; understanding; conscience.
The word 'inwit' comes from Middle English inwit ("mind, reason, intellect, understanding; soul, spirit; feeling; the collection of inner faculties; one of five inner faculties; one of the outer bodily senses.; inward awareness of right or wrong, conscience"), from Old English *inwitt, inġewitnes ("consciousness, conscience, knowledge, knowing"), equivalent to in- +‎ wit. (Wiktionary)
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