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Latest Developmental neuroscience Stories

2012-11-09 11:06:33

Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have shown that a single protein plays an oversized role in intellectual and behavioral development. The scientists found that mutations in a single gene, which is known to cause intellectual disability and increase the risk of developing autism spectrum disorder, severely disrupts the organization of developing brain circuits during early childhood. This study helps explain how genetic mutations can cause profound...

2012-11-09 11:01:17

Neurodevelopmental disorders such as intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders are marked by mutations that impair signaling between neurons. These mutations cause key brain circuits involved in learning and memory to develop too quickly, leading to long-lasting behavioral and cognitive deficits, according to a study published by Cell Press in the November 9th issue of the journal Cell. The findings could pave the way to new treatment strategies for severe forms of...

2012-10-31 03:31:20

The development of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is much like that of children without ASD at 6 months of age, but differs afterwards. That's the main finding of the largest prospective, longitudinal study to date comparing children with early and later diagnosis of ASD with children without ASD. The study appears in the journal Child Development and has implications for clinical work, public health, and policy. The study was conducted by researchers at the Kennedy Krieger...

2012-10-30 12:35:05

A study in The Journal of Cell Biology shows how a transcription factor called STAT3 remains in the axon of nerve cells to help prevent neurodegeneration. The findings could pave the way for future drug therapies to slow nerve damage in patients with neurodegenerative diseases. In Lou Gehrig's Disease (ALS) and other neurodegenerative diseases, nerve cells usually die in stages, with axons deteriorating first and the cells themselves perishing later. Axon degeneration may represent a...

2012-10-11 13:05:50

Repairing brain damage a significant departure from current treatments Washington State University researchers have developed a new drug candidate that dramatically improves the cognitive function of rats with Alzheimer's-like mental impairment. Their compound, which is intended to repair brain damage that has already occurred, is a significant departure from current Alzheimer's treatments, which either slow the process of cell death or inhibit cholinesterase, an enzyme believed to...

2012-10-09 10:52:41

Deletion of brain-derived neurotrophic factor leads to major depression, anxiety, and obesity McGill researchers have identified a small region in the genome that conclusively plays a role in the development of psychiatric disease and obesity. The key lies in the genomic deletion of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, or BDNF, a nervous system growth factor that plays a critical role in brain development. To determine the role of BDNF in humans, Prof. Carl Ernst, from McGill's Department...

Autism Clues From Baby Non-Verbal Communication
2012-10-02 10:25:21

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Whether it be hand gestures, written words, or verbal phrases, communication is an important link between people. From one person to the next, communication passes on necessary messages. However, for children with autism, communication is much more difficult and autistic patients tend to have less interactions with those around them. With this in mind, researchers from the University of Miami (UM) decided to look more closely at...

2012-10-01 23:01:57

Throughout the month of October, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) official parenting website, HealthyChildren.org, will offer registered users a free digital excerpt from the newly published Autism Spectrum Disorders: What Every Parent Needs to Know. A special discount will be offered as well in October when visitors purchase Autism Spectrum Disorders on the HealthyChildren Bookstore. Chicago, IL (PRWEB) October 01, 2012 Throughout the month of October, the American Academy of...

Studying Autism With New Tech Tools
2012-09-26 07:19:54

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online People have said that the eyes are the windows to the soul. Students of public speaking are encouraged to make contact, while Western businessmen utilize eye contact to signify that attention is given to the speaker. Reluctance in frequent or prolonged eye contact is also a sign of autism. Researchers have wanted to develop systems that could measure eye contact and other telltale signs of problem behaviors in autism. Recently,...


Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'kardia,' heart.
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