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Disaster Accident Reference Libraries

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Iraz Volcano
2014-10-04 18:35:23

Irazú Volcano, known as Volcán Irazú in Spanish, is an active stratovolcano that is located in Costa Rica. The origin of the volcano’s name is unknown, but it is thought to be a variant of the word Iztarú, which is the name of a village that was near the volcano, or a mixture of the words ara, meaning point, and tzu, meaning thunder. It is locally known as The Colossus due to large past...

Rincn de la Vieja
2014-10-04 18:29:11

Rincón de la Vieja is an active complex volcano that is located in northwestern Costa Rica. Its name, meaning The Old Woman's Corner, refers to a legend that says that a woman’s lover was thrown into the volcano by her father, after which she lived on the volcano as a recluse. This volcano reaches 6,286 feet in elevation and is the tallest volcano in Rincón de la Vieja Volcano National...

Cotopaxi
2014-10-04 18:16:10

Cotopaxi is an active stratovolcano that is located in Ecuador and is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. This volcano, reaching an elevation of 19,347 feet above sea level, is the second tallest volcano in Ecuador and one of the tallest active volcanoes in the world. The origin of its name is unknown, but some sources say that it means Neck of the Moon in the language of the indigenous people...

Mount Hudson
2014-10-04 18:07:58

Mount Hudson, also known as Volcán Hudson, is an active stratovolcano that is located in southern Chile, named after 9th-century Chilean Navy hydrographer Francisco Hudson. Its summit, which is covered in glaciers, holds a caldera that was created from a large eruption that occurred in 4750 BCE or 1890 BCE. Based on evidence found at the Los Toldos archaeological site, it is thought that the...

Karthala
2014-10-04 18:01:05

Karthala, also known  as Mount Karthala, is an active shield volcano that is located in the island nation of Comoros. Along with a smaller shield volcano, this volcano makes up the largest island in the archipelago known as Grande Comore and it reaches an elevation of 7,746 feet. It is one of the most active volcanoes in the area, erupting at least twenty times since the beginning of the...

Nyamuragira
2014-10-04 17:56:14

Nyamuragira is an active shield volcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano, which is part of the Virunga Mountains, reaches an elevation of 10,033 feet and is the most active volcano in Africa. This volcano is shorter than Nyiragongo, which it shares an area with, and has a low shield profile. It holds a large amount of sulfur dioxide and is blamed for much of...

Imbabura Volcano
2014-10-04 17:36:59

Imbabura Volcano is an inactive stratovolcano that is located in Ecuador and is part of the southern Ring of Fire and one of many volcanoes created along an arc by the subductions of the Coolyo Plate underneath the South American Plate. This volcano was shaped by strombolian eruptions, which are less violent than plinian eruptions and are characterized by the expulsion of lapilli, lava bombs,...

Arenal Volcano
2014-08-28 11:31:44

Arenal Volcano, also known as Volcán Arenal, is an active stratovolcano that is located in northwestern Costa Rica. It can be found in Arenal Volcano National Park and was one of Costa Rica’s most active volcanoes until 2010. This volcano has a small crater and several eruptive vents and is the youngest of all active volcanoes in Costa Rica. Arenal Volcano has produced some violent...

Mount Nyiragongo
2014-08-28 11:22:30

Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano is part of the Virunga Mountains and is located in Virunga National Park. It reaches an elevation of 11,385 feet and has a crater that reaches 1.2 miles in width. This crater typically holds a lava lake that has varied between 2,000 and 10,660 feet in depth. It is not known how long...

2014-08-28 11:14:31

Nevado del Ruiz, also known as La Mesa de Herveo, is an active stratovolcano that is located along the border of the Colombian territories, or departments, of Caldas and Tolima. It reaches an elevation of 17,457 and is shaped like a cone. This volcano is protected within Los Nevados National Natural Park, along with many other volcanoes, and it is a popular tourist destination. Winter...

Word of the Day
bretelles
  • In dressmaking, straps running from the belt in front over the shoulders to the belt in the back, with more or less elaboration of trimming and outline. They usually broaden at the shoulder and narrow toward the waist.
The word 'bretelles' comes from a French word meaning 'braces'.