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An international team of researchers has reported a new understanding of a little-known process that happens in virtually every cell of our bodies.
The binding of proteins to various substrates in a biological system is a basic but essential process to maintain the function of living things.
Most parts of living organisms come packaged with ribbons. The ribbons are proteinsâ€”chains of amino acids that must fold into three-dimensional structures to work properly.
Proteins are chain molecules assembled from amino acids. The precise sequence of the twenty different types of amino acids in a protein chain is what determines which structure a protein folds into. The three-dimensional structures in turn specify the functions of proteins, which range from the transport of oxygen in our blood, to the conversion of energy in our muscles, and the strengthening of our hair. During evolution, the protein sequences encoded in our DNA have been optimised for these...
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