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2005-11-30 13:16:52

LONDON (Reuters) - Three species of bats that are eaten by people in central Africa may be carriers of the Ebola virus that has killed hundreds of humans and great apes, scientists said on Wednesday. Although the bats do not show any evidence of infection, the International Center for Medical Research in Franceville, Gabon discovered genetic evidence or an immune response in the animals, captured during outbreaks between 2001 and 2003. "We find evidence of asymptomatic infection by...

2005-09-12 17:50:01

Four seemingly unrelated viral diseases may some day be defeated by a single treatment, according to a recent collaborative study involving researchers at the University of Georgia's College of Veterinary Medicine. Their study focuses on viruses responsible for HIV, measles, Ebola and Marburg and includes investigators from Vanderbilt University Medical Center and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The study is being funded by a grant from the Hudson-Alpha Institute for...

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2005-09-01 07:23:18

DAKAR, Senegal -- Conservationists say the dreaded Ebola virus along with decades of hunting and logging are putting some ape species on the brink of extinction in Central Africa. Ebola, which kills through massive internal bleeding, has long been known to infect primates in Africa. It was first identified in 1976 and has since killed about 1,000 people, some of whom are believed to have contracted the disease by consuming or handling infected meat from wild animals. Most at risk are...

2005-08-31 17:50:00

Washington, DC -- A combination of natural and man-made threats is killing gorillas and chimpanzees in Central Africa, and experts say $30 million is needed for special programs to save some of mankind's closest relatives from disappearing. An action plan drafted by more than 70 primatologists and other experts who met in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, in May designates 12 areas for emergency programs intended to increase security against illegal hunting, protect great apes and tropical...

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2005-08-31 05:25:00

JOHANNESBURG -- Conservationists unveiled a $30 million plan on Wednesday to save the great apes of Africa, which are under threat of extinction from man and disease. Conservationists say the western lowland gorilla and the central African chimpanzee are on the cusp of extinction, with poaching for the "bushmeat" trade, rampant logging and the Ebola virus the main threats to their survival. "This devastating mix of threats leaves us on the brink of losing some of our closest living...

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2005-08-01 18:44:00

(Philadelphia, PA) - Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have found that inhibitors of an enzyme called cathepsin L prevent the SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) virus from entering target cells. SARS is caused by an emergent coronavirus. There is no effective treatment at this time. This study also demonstrates a new mechanism for how viral proteins are activated within host cells, states senior author Paul Bates, PhD, an Associate Professor in the...

2005-06-28 13:14:28

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A genetically engineered virus may offer the first effective vaccine against Lassa fever, a sometimes deadly hemorrhagic fever common in West Africa, U.S. and Canadian scientists said on Monday. The vaccine successfully protected four monkeys against Lassa, a virus that sometimes causes high fever, internal bleeding and which kills at least 5,000 people a year. "This is the first vaccine platform shown to completely protect nonhuman primates from Lassa virus," said...

2005-07-06 17:20:31

UCLA scientists have discovered how the deadly Nipah virus infiltrates human cells to cause encephalitis. Designated as a potential bioterrorism agent by the National Biodefense Research Agenda, the virus exploits a protein essential to embryonic development to enter cells and launch its attack. The online edition of Nature reports the findings July 6. "In its natural state, the Nipah virus can be used as a potential bioterrorism agent capable of devastating an entire country's public health...

2005-06-16 22:55:00

In one of the first molecular studies of the human antibody response to yellow fever, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers and their colleagues have found the crucial bit of virus that people's immune systems need to spot and quash this often-fatal re-emerging disease. The findings may help scientists improve the existing vaccine, which has rare but severe side effects, said Jan ter Meulen, an HHMI international research scholar and associate professor of virology at Leiden...

2005-06-16 22:15:00

The threat of potential pandemics such as Ebola, SARS, and avian influenza demands a more holistic approach to disease control, one that prevents diseases from crossing the divide between humans, their livestock, and wildlife, according to the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) in the most recent issue of the journal Foreign Affairs. This "One World, One Health" concept, as described by WCS veterinary staff, calls for the integration of efforts to deal proactively with disease threats to...


Latest Ebola Reference Libraries

Franquet's Epauletted Fruit Bat, Epomops franqueti
2012-08-14 08:12:01

Franquet's epauletted fruit bat (Epomops franqueti) is a megabat that is native to Africa. Its range extends from Angola and Zambia in the south to Sudan and the Ivory Coast. This range includes Angola, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Rwanda, and Uganda, among other areas. It is thought that these bats may appear in Zambia as well. It prefers a habitat within tropical and subtropical mangrove, arid, and moist forests as well as in swamps and arid savannahs. Franquet’s epauletted...

Western Red Colobus, Procolobus badius
2012-06-21 13:40:23

The western red colobus (Procolobus badius) is an Old World monkey that is native to Africa. Its range includes the forests of Ghana to Senegal. It was previously though that this species held all other red colobuses, although it still holds three subspecies. In 1994, western red colobuses that were eaten by common chimpanzees and other species contracted Ebola from the infected individuals. The western red colobus has been given a conservation status of “Endangered” on the IUCN Red List....

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2011-02-17 16:29:01

Marburg virus, or Marburg, is the standard name for the genus of viruses Marburgvirus which contains the species, Lake Victoria Marburgvirus. It causes Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever (MHF) which originated with primates. It originated in Africa and can infect humans and primates. It is in the same taxonomic family as Ebola and both are identical structurally although they elicit different antibodies. It was named after the location of the first outbreak in Marburg, Germany in 1967. The...

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2011-01-11 13:37:27

Filoviridae family of viruses belongs to the order of Mononegavirales. Filoviruses cause hemorrhagic fever often with fatal bleeding and coagulating abnormalities. The name comes from the Latin word filum, which alludes to the thread-like appearance of virus particles. They are single stranded negative sense RNA viruses that target primates. The two genera are Ebola-Reston virus and Marburg virus. The family was discovered in 1967 when 31 people were infected with the Marburg virus in...

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2011-01-11 10:59:51

Ebolavirus (EBOV), a viral genus, is the disease Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF), a viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF). The virus gets its name from the Ebola River Valley in the Democratic Republic of the Congo where the first outbreak occurred in 1976. The virus was obscure until 1989 when several widely publicized outbreaks occurred among monkeys in the United States. The virus disrupts the endothelial cells lining the interior surface of blood vessels. The platelets become unable to...

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Word of the Day
penuche
  • A fudgelike confection of brown sugar, cream or milk, and chopped nuts.
'Penuche' is a variant of 'panocha,' a coarse grade of sugar made in Mexico. 'Panocha' probably comes from the Spanish 'panoja, panocha,' ear of grain.
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