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2011-01-17 07:56:27

Wildlife Conservation Society confirms sea urchins destroy reef building algae in overfished sites on Kenya's coast An 18-year study of Kenya's coral reefs by the Wildlife Conservation Society and the University of California at Santa Cruz has found that overfished reef systems have more sea urchins"”organisms that in turn eat coral algae that build tropical reef systems. By contrast, reef systems closed to fishing have fewer sea urchins"”the result of predatory fish keeping...

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2010-12-23 08:10:00

To survive in a tumultuous environment, sea urchins literally eat through stone, using their teeth to carve out nooks where the spiny creatures hide from predators and protect themselves from the crashing surf on the rocky shores and tide pools where they live. The rock-boring behavior is astonishing, scientists agree, but what is truly remarkable is that, despite constant grinding and scraping on stone, urchin teeth never, ever get dull. The secret of their ever-sharp qualities has puzzled...

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2010-03-16 08:09:24

Nature abounds with examples of evolutionary arms races. Certain marine snails, for example, evolved thick shells and spines to avoid be eaten, but crabs and fish foiled the snails by developing shell-crushing claws and jaws. Common as such interactions may be, it's often difficult to trace their origins back in evolutionary time. Now, a study by University of Michigan paleontologist Tomasz Baumiller and colleagues finds that sea urchins have been preying on marine animals known as crinoids...

2009-12-23 08:14:10

Some of the most common minerals in biology, including those in bones and shells, have a mysterious structure: Their crystals are positioned in the same orientation, making them behave as one giant crystal, even though they do not look like a faceted crystal. It's as if grains of salt were spilled on a rug, yet instead of landing randomly, all wound up with exactly the same angle and rotation. In a new study in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, Pupa Gilbert, a professor of physics...

2009-06-10 11:08:32

German scientists have cataloged the sea urchin axial complex, an internal structure with undetermined function. The researchers at the Charite University of Medicine in Berlin said the research shows within that group of marine invertebrates there exists a structural evolutionary interdependence of various internal organs. The finding, the scientists said, demonstrates the approach of combining all structural data available on a given organ in combination with a broad taxonomic coverage can...

2008-10-02 03:00:25

By Alvarado, Juan Jose Abstract: Between October 2003 and July 2005, aggregation behavior of the sea urchin Astropyga pulvinta Lamarck was studied in Bahia Culebra, Costa Rica. This sea urchin forms aggregations during part of the year and then disappears. I quantified the number of individuals present in a defined area each month, their aggregation behavior between day and night, and their size. Also, temperature and nutrient concentrations of the water were sampled. There were...

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2008-07-31 15:16:26

Decreasing pH the biggest threat to marine animal life for thousands of years By absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and from the human use of fossil fuels, the world's seas function as a giant buffer for the Earth's life support system. The chemical balance of the sea has long been regarded as immovable. Today, researchers know that the pH of the sea's surface water has gone down by 0.1, or 25 percent, just since the beginning of industrialization just over a century ago. Jon...

2008-07-22 21:00:24

That loud noise heard along rocky reefs near New Zealand at dawn and at dusk are sea urchins chowing down -- loudly, scientists said. Craig Radford of the University of Auckland, New Zealand, curious about why ambient underground water noises became louder twice a day, recorded sounds made by individual reef animals then compared them with the sound in the natural reef, New Scientist reported Tuesday. Radford and his colleagues found grazing sea urchins produced the noise as they scraped...

2008-03-23 09:00:35

SEATTLE _ The odds of growing up aren't good for baby sand dollars. Smaller than the head of a pin, the larvae drift in the ocean _ easy prey for anything with a mouth. But a University of Washington graduate student has discovered the tiny animal has a surprising survival strategy: Faced with the threat of being gobbled up, it makes like Dr. Evil from the "Austin Powers" movies and clones itself. The resulting "mini-me" may escape hungry fish because it is even teenier than the...

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2006-12-07 14:25:00

Sea urchins are small and spiny, they have no eyes and they eat kelp and algae. Still, the sea creature's genome is remarkably similar to humans' and may hold the key to preventing and curing several human diseases, according to a University of Central Florida researcher and several colleagues. UCF Professor Cristina Calestani was part of the Sea Urchin Genome Sequencing Group, which recently completed sequencing of the sea urchin genome and published its findings in the November issue of...


Latest Echinoidea Reference Libraries

Diadema setosum
2013-11-21 12:27:30

Diadema setosum is a species of long-spined sea urchin in the family Diadematidae. It’s a typical sea urchin, which exceptionally long and hollow spines that are mildly venomous. D. setosum is different from other Diadema with five distinctive white colored dots that can be found on its body. The species is located throughout the Indo-Pacific region, from Australia and Africa to Japan and the Red Sea. Although it is capable of painful stings when stepped upon, the urchin is only somewhat...

Eccentric Sand Dollar, Dendraster excentricus
2013-11-21 12:20:48

The Eccentric Sand Dollar (Dendraster excentricus) known also as the Sea-Cake, Biscuit-Urchin, Western Sand Dollar, or the Pacific Sand Dollar, is a member of the order Clypeasteroida, better known as sand dollars, a species of flattened, burrowing sea urchins located along the Pacific Ocean from Alaska to Baja California. This species is an irregular echinoid that is flattened and burrows into the sand, unlike the regular echinoids, or sea urchins. It can be found living within the...

Kina, Evechinus chloroticus
2013-11-15 10:54:52

Kina (Evechinus chloroticus) is a sea urchin that is native to New Zealand. This echinoderm belongs to the family Echinometridae and it has the potential to reach a maximum diameter of 16 to 17 centimeters. It is scattered throughout New Zealand and in some northern and southern offshore islands. It can be found in shallow waters around 12 to 14 meters deep, although there are also intertidal populations located in the north of both the North and South Islands. It shows a preference for...

Echinus tylodes
2013-11-15 10:51:41

Echinus tylodes is a species of sea urchin belonging to the Echinidae family. It’s white with rather sparse pink colored spines and is native to the eastern coast of North America including the Gulf of Mexico. This species has a sub-globular test that is about two-thirds as high as it is wide and grows to a diameter of 4 inches. The joints that are between the ambulacral plates and the pores through which the tube feet project are both sunken below the general surface of the test. The...

Sea Potato, Echinocardium cordatum
2013-11-14 13:16:11

The Sea Potato (Echinocardium cordatum) is a sea urchin belonging to the family Loveniidae. It’s located in sub-tidal regions in temperate seas around the globe and resides buried in the sandy sea floor. The sea potato is a heart-shaped urchin clothed in a dense mat of furrowed yellowish colored spines which grow from tubercles and mainly point backwards. The upper surface is flattened and there’s an indentation close to the front. It’s a beige color but the tests that are found on...

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Word of the Day
baudekin
  • A rich embroidered or brocaded silk fabric woven originally with a warp of gold thread.
'Baudekin' seems to be an alternative form of 'baldachin,' from the Italian 'Baldacco,' Baghdad, the city where the material was made.
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