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Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 6:17 EDT
More Carbon Absorbed By Nutrient-rich Forests

More Carbon Absorbed By Nutrient-rich Forests

IIASA The ability of forests to sequester carbon from the atmosphere depends on nutrients available in the forest soils, shows new research from an international team of researchers, including IIASA. The study, published in the journal...

Latest Ecosystems Stories

Autumn Ending Later And Spring Starting Earlier In The Northern Hemisphere
2014-03-31 11:19:49

University of Southampton A study by the University of Southampton suggests that on average the end of Autumn is taking place later in the year and Spring is starting slightly earlier. A team of researchers examined satellite imagery covering the northern hemisphere over a 25 year period (1982 - 2006), and looked for any seasonal changes in vegetation by making a measure of its ‘greenness’. They examined in detail, at daily intervals, the growth cycle of the vegetation –...

2014-03-25 23:01:10

HOBO® U22 Data Loggers Monitor Potentially Damaging Increases in Local Sea Temperature and Determine Effects on Coral Bourne, MA (PRWEB) March 25, 2014 At Naitauba, Fiji, a 2,000-acre island completely encircled by a coral reef, the Naitauba Reef Initiative is working with researchers from the University of the South Pacific (USP) School of Marine Studies to learn as much as possible about all aspects of the reef. Onset’s HOBO U22 Water Temperature Pro v2 data loggers are being...

Ineffective Management Causing Tropical Grassy Ecosystems To Be Threatened
2014-03-13 14:50:41

University of Liverpool Tropical grassy areas in India, Australia, and South America store around 15% of the world’s carbon Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that tropical grassy areas, which play a critical role in the world’s ecology, are under threat as a result of ineffective management. According to research, published in Trends in Ecology and Evolution, they are often misclassified and this leads to degradation of the land which has a detrimental effect...

Carbon Capture Increased From Predation On Invertebrates By Woodland Salamanders
2014-03-11 09:17:59

USDA Forest Service - Pacific Southwest Research Station Woodland salamanders perform a vital ecological service in American forests by helping to mitigate the impacts of global warming. Global warming occurs when greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide are released into the atmosphere. Woodland salamanders facilitate the capture of this carbon before it is released by feeding on invertebrates (beetles, earthworms, snails, ants, etc.) that would otherwise release carbon through...

amazon canopy
2014-03-04 05:42:01

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online By studying thousands of canopy tree species in the western Amazon, researchers from the Carnegie Institution for Science’s Department of Global Ecology have uncovered geographically nested patterns of chemical traits they say will help determine how the ecosystem will respond to changes in land use and climate. Writing in the March 3 edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), the study authors set...

elkhorn coral
2014-02-28 08:28:25

University of Southampton A new publication from researchers at the University of Southampton and the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton highlights the importance of nutrients for coral reef survival. Despite the comparably small footprint they take on the ocean floor, tropical coral reefs are home to a substantial part of all marine life forms. Coral reefs also provide numerous benefits for human populations, providing food for millions and protecting coastal areas from erosion....

Future Presence Of Fish Near The Equator Threatened Due To Rapid Pace Of Climate Change
2014-02-12 13:59:10

ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies According to an international team of researchers, the rapid pace of climate change is threatening the future presence of fish near the equator. “Our studies found that one species of fish could not even survive in water just three degrees Celsius warmer than what it lives in now,” says the lead author of the study, Dr Jodie Rummer from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (Coral CoE) at James Cook University. Dr...

2014-02-11 11:02:49

Forest management is based on recommendations that are supposed to maximize economic revenues. However, in 40% of cases a better economic result would be achieved by neglecting some of the recommendations. This would also greatly benefit biodiversity. These results were obtained by a research group lead by Professor Mikko Mönkkönen at the University Jyväskylä. The group studied a production forest landscape encompassing 68 square kilometers of land and more than 30,000 forest stands in...

New Coral Species Discovered In Peruvian Pacific
2014-02-04 05:19:13

[ Watch the Video: New Species Of Soft Coral ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) and the University of Costa Rica have apparently discovered a new, fiery-red species of coral in the shallow waters of the Peruvian Pacific. The new species has been named Psammogorgia hookeri in honor of Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University biologist Yuri Hooker, and according to the authors of a paper in the...

Predictions For Climate Change Effects On Savanna Vegetation Best Done By Continent
2014-01-31 08:05:48

North Carolina State University A "one-size-fits-all" model to predict the effects of climate change on savanna vegetation isn't as effective as examining individual savannas by continent, according to research published in Science this week. Savannas – grasslands dotted with trees – cover about 20 percent of the earth's land and play a critical role in storing atmospheric carbon, says Dr. William Hoffmann, associate professor of plant and microbial biology at North Carolina State...


Latest Ecosystems Reference Libraries

Allegheny National Forest
2013-10-30 09:24:27

The Allegheny National Forest is a National Forest that can be found in northwestern Pennsylvania. The forest covers 513,175 acres of land. In the forest is the Kinzua Dam, which impounds the Allegheny River to create Allegheny Reservoir. The administrative headquarters for the Allegheny National Forest can be found in Warren. It has two ranger stations, one in Bradford, McKean County and one in Marienville, Forest County. The forest lies in the heart of Pennsylvania’s oil and gas...

Desert greening
2013-04-25 16:10:03

Desert greening is made up of any number of methods used to revitalize deserts. So far, only arid and semi-arid desert are meant when using this expression. The icy deserts and other types are considered to be unsuitable. The different methods include landscaping methods to reduce evaporation, erosion, consolidation of topsoil, temperature, sandstorms and more, permaculture in general, planting trees, regeneration of salty, polluted, or degenerated soils, floodwater retention and...

Rainforests
2013-04-19 19:33:20

Rainforests are forests that are characterized by high levels of rainfall, with definitions based on a minimum usual annual rainfall of about 68 to 78 inches. The monsoon trough, or otherwise known as the intertropical convergence zone, holds an important role in producing the climatic conditions that are essential for the Earth’s tropical rainforests. About 40 to 75 percent of all biotic species are native to the rainforests. It’s been estimated that there might be many millions of...

0_1f10e8fa6970746fa31d774bb0baa2cf
2009-07-02 22:38:33

The Amazon Rainforest (known as Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia in Portuguese, and Selva Amazónica or Amazonia in Spanish), also known as Amazonia, or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest that covers almost all of the Amazon Basin in South America. The basin consists of 1.7 billion acres, of which 1.4 billion acres is rainforest. This rainforest covers nine nations (Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana). Brazil contains...

Deforestation
2009-05-27 18:12:50

Deforestation is the act or process of removing trees from forested lands by cutting or burning. There are many reasons for deforestation. Logs are sold as a commodity and cleared lands can be used for pastures and human settlements. The damage caused by deforestation, however, can be great. If land is not somewhat reforested it can cause damage to habitats for wildlife and other plant life, affect the aridity of the region, and possibly encourage degradation into wasteland. Due to negligent...

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