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Last updated on April 19, 2014 at 13:20 EDT

EDGE Species Reference Libraries

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Javan Rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus
2014-04-11 12:20:28

The Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus), also known as the Sunda rhinoceros or the lesser one-horned rhinoceros, is one of five living species of rhino that can be found in a small area in western Java in Ujung Kulon National Park. Its range once extended from Bengal and Assam to Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, and Laos and included the islands of Sumatra and Java. This species...

Giant Panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca
2012-10-29 16:02:45

The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), also known as the panda, is a species of bear that is native to southwestern and central western areas of China. Its range includes mountain ranges located primarily in Sichuan province, but pandas can also be found in the Gansu and Shaanxi provinces. It once preferred a habitat within lowland areas, but human encroachment has driven the giant panda...

Falanouc
2012-06-14 17:57:28

The falanouc is a mongoose type creature that is native to Madagascar. Its closest extant, or living, relative is the fanaloka, but it is distinct from this animal in many ways. Unlike the fanaloka, the falanouc has no anal or perineal glands. It has non-retractable claws and a mouth structure that consists of backwards sloping premolars and canines. It is thought that this is due to its...

Bairds Tapir Tapirus bairdii
2012-05-09 08:23:13

Baird’s Tapir (Tapirus bairdii) is native to Central America and northern areas of South America. It is among three species of tapir that is native to Latin America. Baird’s tapir was named after Spencer Fullerton Baird, an American naturalist who observed the creatures in 1843 on a trip to Mexico, even though W. T. White, another American naturalist, made the first documentation of the...

Somali Wild Ass
2007-12-21 13:23:50

The Somali Wild Ass (Equus asinus somalicus), is a subspecies of the African Wild Ass. It is found in the Southern Red Sea region of Eritrea, the Afar Region of Ethiopia, and Somalia. The legs of the Somali Wild Ass are horizontally striped with black, resembling those of a zebra. Photo Credit: Robert Lawton

Mongolian Wild Ass
2007-10-23 14:19:29

The Mongolian Wild Ass (Equus hemionus hemionus), is a subspecies of the Onager. It is found in Mongolia and northern China, and was previously found in Kazakhstan before it became extinct due to hunting. The numbers in China and Mongolia are also vulnerable due to poaching and competition grazing. Numbers have dropped severely in the 1990s and by 2003 the total Mongolian population was...

Onager
2007-08-23 03:17:19

The Onager (Equus hemionus), is a large mammal belonging to the horse family. It is native to the deserts of Syria, Iran, Pakistan, India, Israel, and Tibet. It is sometimes referred to as the half ass or Asian Wild Ass. There are six subspecies recognized, of which one is extinct and two endangered. Their range has contracted greatly under pressures of hunting and habitat loss. Onagers are...

Hispaniolan Solenodon
2007-07-16 16:18:12

The Hispaniolan Solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus), also known as the Haitian Solenodon or Agouta, is a solenodon found only on the island of Hispaniola, part of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Currently, the solenodon may only be surviving in two places in the Dominican Republic: Jaragua and Del Este National Parks. Its presence in Los Haitises National Park is inferred but unconfirmed. It was...

Red Panda
2007-01-22 14:41:19

The red panda, Ailurus fulgens also known as the lesser panda, bear cat or fire fox, is a mostly herbivorous mammal. It is slightly larger than a domestic cat 21.65 in (55 cm) long. The red panda has semi-retractile claws and, like the giant panda, has a "false thumb" which is really an extension of the wrist bone. Thick fur on the soles of the feet offers protection from cold and hides scent...

Sumatran Tiger
2007-01-19 14:51:36

The Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is found only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The wild population is estimated at between 400 and 500 animals, occurring predominantly in the island's national parks. Recent genetic testing has revealed the presence of unique genetic markers. They indicate that it may develop into a separate species, if it is not made extinct. This has led to...