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EDGE Species Reference Libraries

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Solenodon Solenodontidae
2014-10-01 12:40:57

Solenodontida is a family that holds four species of solenodons, mammals that are known to be venomous, which can be found in Cuba and on the island of Hispaniola. The Hispaniolan solenodon can be found in a variety of habitats including highland forests and lowland dry forests. Both species resemble shrews in that they have long noses, hairless feet, scaly tails and small eyes. They reach an...

Southern Marsupial Mole Notoryctes typhlops
2014-04-30 10:58:40

The southern marsupial mole (Notoryctes typhlops) is a species of marsupial that can be found in southwest Australia. It has been recorded in desert habitats with soft sand and spinifex grasses, but the habitat preferences of this species is currently unknown. Its range is thought to include northern areas of South Australia and the Northern Territory, as well as the Gibson and Great Victoria...

Volcano Rabbit Romerolagus diazi
2014-04-25 10:20:30

The volcano rabbit (Romerolagus diazi), known locally as zacatuche or teporingom, is a species of rabbit that can be found in Mexico. This species resides near four volcanoes within its range, including El Pelado, but its range is limited to only sixteen small areas. The majority of individuals reside at higher elevations grasslands or in pine and alder forests. The volcano rabbit reaches an...

Javan Rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus
2014-04-11 12:20:28

The Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus), also known as the Sunda rhinoceros or the lesser one-horned rhinoceros, is one of five living species of rhino that can be found in a small area in western Java in Ujung Kulon National Park. Its range once extended from Bengal and Assam to Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, and Laos and included the islands of Sumatra and Java. This species...

Giant Panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca
2012-10-29 16:02:45

The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), also known as the panda, is a species of bear that is native to southwestern and central western areas of China. Its range includes mountain ranges located primarily in Sichuan province, but pandas can also be found in the Gansu and Shaanxi provinces. It once preferred a habitat within lowland areas, but human encroachment has driven the giant panda...

Falanouc
2012-06-14 17:57:28

The falanouc is a mongoose type creature that is native to Madagascar. Its closest extant, or living, relative is the fanaloka, but it is distinct from this animal in many ways. Unlike the fanaloka, the falanouc has no anal or perineal glands. It has non-retractable claws and a mouth structure that consists of backwards sloping premolars and canines. It is thought that this is due to its...

Bairds Tapir Tapirus bairdii
2012-05-09 08:23:13

Baird’s Tapir (Tapirus bairdii) is native to Central America and northern areas of South America. It is among three species of tapir that is native to Latin America. Baird’s tapir was named after Spencer Fullerton Baird, an American naturalist who observed the creatures in 1843 on a trip to Mexico, even though W. T. White, another American naturalist, made the first documentation of the...

Somali Wild Ass
2007-12-21 13:23:50

The Somali Wild Ass (Equus asinus somalicus), is a subspecies of the African Wild Ass. It is found in the Southern Red Sea region of Eritrea, the Afar Region of Ethiopia, and Somalia. The legs of the Somali Wild Ass are horizontally striped with black, resembling those of a zebra. Photo Credit: Robert Lawton

Mongolian Wild Ass
2007-10-23 14:19:29

The Mongolian Wild Ass (Equus hemionus hemionus), is a subspecies of the Onager. It is found in Mongolia and northern China, and was previously found in Kazakhstan before it became extinct due to hunting. The numbers in China and Mongolia are also vulnerable due to poaching and competition grazing. Numbers have dropped severely in the 1990s and by 2003 the total Mongolian population was...

Onager
2007-08-23 03:17:19

The Onager (Equus hemionus), is a large mammal belonging to the horse family. It is native to the deserts of Syria, Iran, Pakistan, India, Israel, and Tibet. It is sometimes referred to as the half ass or Asian Wild Ass. There are six subspecies recognized, of which one is extinct and two endangered. Their range has contracted greatly under pressures of hunting and habitat loss. Onagers are...

Word of the Day
swell-mobsman
  • A member of the swell-mob; a genteelly clad pickpocket. Sometimes mobsman.
Use of the word 'swell-mobsman' dates at least to the early 1800s.