# Education Reference Libraries

The Wampus cat comes from American folklore as a variation of a fierce cougar. It also is compared to the Ewah of Cherokee mythology. In the myth a woman covers herself with the skin of a cougar and spies on the men of the tribe. While the men are telling sacred stories around a fire, she is caught and turned into a half-woman, half-cat by the tribe’s medicine man. The Wampus cat...

Algebra, from the Arabic al-jebr, meaning “reunion of broken parts”, is one of the wide-ranging parts of mathematics, combined with number theory, geometry, and analysis. Algebra can basically be considered as doing computations much like that of arithmetic with non-numerical mathematical objects. Initially, these objects were variables that represented either numbers that weren’t yet...

Geometry is a branch of mathematics that is concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space. A mathematician who works in the geometry field is called a geometer. Geometry arose independently in numerous early cultures as a body of practical knowledge concerning areas, lengths, and volumes, with elements of a formal mathematical science...

Trigonometry, from the Greek trigonon, meaning triangle, and metron, meaning measure, is a branch of mathematics that studies the relationships involving lengths and angles of triangles. The field came about during the 3rd century BC from applications of geometry to astronomical studies. The 3rd century astronomers first noted that the lengths of the sides of a right triangle and the angles...

Applied mathematics is a branch of mathematics that focuses on mathematical methods that are usually used in science, engineering, business, and industry. Therefore, “applied mathematics” is a mathematical science with specialized knowledge. The term “applied mathematics” also explains the professional specialty in which mathematicians work on practical problems; as a profession focused...

Mark Elliot Zuckerberg (born May 14, 1984) is an American computer programmer and internet entrepreneur. He is best known as one of five co-founders of the social networking website Facebook. As of April 2013, Zuckerberg is the chairman and chief executive of Facebook, Inc., and in 2013 his personal wealth was estimated to be US $16.8 billion. Together with his college roommates and...

Martin Joseph Fettman was selected as a Payload Specialist candidate by NASA in December of 1991 because of his life’s dedication to pathology. He continues today with his dedication by bringing awareness to science in space to many public forums. Fettman was born in Brooklyn, New York on December 31, 1965. He attended Midwood High School in Brooklyn, New York and graduated in 1973. He...

The Central European Journal of Mathematics (CEJM) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 2003 and published bimonthly by Versita and Springer Science+Business Media. As of June 2012, the editor-in-chief is Fedor Bogomolov (Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences). CEJM publishes research results in all fields pertaining to mathematics. Aiming to become the premier source of...

Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry is a series of three journals covering inorganic, bioinorganic, organic, bioorganic and physical chemistry. All three journals are published annually by the Royal Society of Chemistry and are indexed in MEDLINE. ARPC Section A is a compilation of review articles on inorganic and bioinorganic chemistry. The journal’s editor-in-chief is Sarah...

Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry is a series of three journals covering inorganic, bioinorganic, organic, bioorganic and physical chemistry. All three journals are published annually by the Royal Society of Chemistry and are indexed in MEDLINE. ARPC Section A is a compilation of review articles on inorganic and bioinorganic chemistry. The journal’s editor-in-chief is Sarah...

- A person who stands up for something, as contrasted to a bystander who remains inactive.
- One of the upright handlebars on a traditional Inuit sled.