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Last updated on April 17, 2014 at 1:21 EDT

El Niño-Southern Oscillation Reference Libraries

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Climate Impact On Your Budget For Billings Montana
2012-12-29 12:40:14

If you live in or around Billings, Montana the above graph shows you what you can roughly expect when it comes to heating and cooling your house during the ENSO Phases. In Billings during a normal phase of the ENSO your heating degree days pass 900HDD. However, when El-Nino phase is present the monthly average dropped to around 650.5HDD, which is a pretty significant amount especially when...

ENSO Impacts On Baltimore Tornado Count
2012-12-29 12:12:03

ENSO has an impact on the severe weather across the United States.  As we look at the above graph we see that the area of Baltimore is impacted by ENSO and its tornado count. The stats are for the described years to the left of each bar. During a La-Nina the tornado count picks up for the region; within 50 miles of the city up to 9 tornadoes occurred during the 2000 event. The 2010...

Climate Impact On Your Budget For Bismarck North Dakota
2012-09-18 13:29:03

If you live in or around Bismarck North Dakota the graph shows you what you can roughly expect when it comes to heating and cooling your house during the ENSO Phases. Bismarck North Dakota, with its northern latitude, does have an impact on what type of heating and cooling it sees. During an Normal Phase the HDD for the region hits about 1348 on average. When the region enters into an...

ENSO Effects On Ocean Waters
2012-09-14 11:46:45

The above graph highlights how the ENSO has an impact on water temps. Northern Gulf of Mexico during EL-Nino: The first part of March during this EL-Nino cycle saw water temps in the 56-60F range, while the 8-14th saw water temps warm to the 60-64F range. By the third week of March temps had maintained 60-64F. The last week of March the temps dropped back to around 56-60F. Northern Gulf...

Winds Impacted By The Cycles Of ENSO
2012-09-03 16:44:02

When it comes to wind, more and more people are turning to it as alternative option for electricity. One has to wonder what kind of impacts would be created by the different cycles of ENSO. The above graph has been done for Boston MA. The month of choice was to run it for March of all three cycles. Normal Cycle: (When we are in between EL-Nino and La-Nina) winds averaged around 0-5mph 9% of...

Ocean Current Impacts On Weather
2012-07-30 13:25:48

The Peru Current flows from South to North along the western side of South America. This current transports colder air from the south northward towards the equator. This current is responsible for bringing cooler waters off the coast of Peru which is a big reason that they have such high fishing success. However this current can get altered during EL-Nino when the warmer waters of the Pacific...

The Weather Rubber Band Theory
2012-07-23 13:36:11

Being a meteorologist for over thirteen years you start to take note of many things in the atmosphere and how they repeat themselves. Our Climate is no different. The definition of climate is stated as: the collective weather data in regards to moisture and temperature for over 30 years for the same location. So to better understand our climate we need to look at this. First, we have average...

The Gulf Stream Ocean Current
2012-07-16 15:25:39

Image Credit: F-5 Weather Data The Gulf Stream is a warm ocean current that travels from the East Coast of Florida all the way northward along the Eastern Seaboard until it gets near North Carolina and Virginia then it starts to make its way back eastward out to sea. The significant impact of this ocean current, as you can see in the image above, is that the waters are warm and this...

Climate Impact On Your Budget For Austin Texas
2012-07-16 10:44:17

If you live in Austin Texas, this is what type of heating and cooling of your house you can expect to see during various weather events such as EL-Nino and La-Nina. The above graph represents three events known as EL-Nino, La-Nina and normal conditions. All the data was gathered from the month of March for each event. During a Normal cycle it is pretty fair to say that Austin will experience...

El-Nino impacts to Annapolis Maryland
2012-07-05 11:00:38

El-Nino is marked with having warmer waters in the Pacific Ocean, so how can it have impacts on Annapolis Maryland? Here is a look at what occurred during an EL-Nino event as we evaluate three months of the cycle. January 2012- Temperatures for the month are usually around 30-40F during a normal period. Examining what occurred during the month of January during an EL-Nino event we can see...