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Latest Elapidae Stories

Fossil Discovery Adds New Chapter In History Of Venomous Snakes
2014-03-20 13:13:24

[ Watch the Video: Venomous Snake Discovery in Africa ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists from Ohio University reported in the journal PLOS ONE that they discovered the oldest fossil of a modern venomous snake in Africa. The discovery provides evidence that snakes such as cobras, kraits and sea snakes were present in Africa as early as 25 million years ago. These elapid snakes belong to a larger group of snakes known as colubroids that have been...

Morphine Qualities Of Black Mamba Venom
2012-10-04 05:35:50

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The venom from one of the world´s most dangerous snakes contains a potent painkiller that works as well as morphine, but without the toxic side effects, French researchers reported on Wednesday. The deadly black mamba, which uses neurotoxins to paralyze and kill its prey, is one of the fastest and most lethal snakes in Africa. Its venom is among the fastest acting of any snake species, and a bite is lethal if not treated with...

Tiger Snake Size Depends On Offspring Mouth Size
2012-05-16 08:14:34

Tiger snakes in Australia are of varied size, with some isolated island populations being twice the size of those on the mainland. New research conducted by Fabien Aubret of La Station d'Ecologie Experimentale du CNRS à Moulis, published in “The American Naturalist,” theorizes that the mainland snakes eat mainly frogs and always have. When sea level rose after that last Ice Age, some tiger snakes were stranded on islands where frogs could not survive because of dry...

2010-05-14 14:08:50

Most venomous snakes are legendary for their lethal bites, but not all. Some spit defensively. Bruce Young, from the University of Massachusetts Lowell, explains that some cobras defend themselves by spraying debilitating venom into the eyes of an aggressor. Getting the chance to work with spitting cobras in South Africa, Young took the opportunity to record the venom spray tracks aimed at his eyes. Protected by a sheet of Perspex, Young caught the trails of venom and two things struck him:...

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2010-04-20 11:10:00

Scientists measuring electrical activity in the muscles of a cobra have found the mechanism that triggers the frightening "hood flare" that the snake uses as a defensive display. The scientists found a precise group of muscles that the cobra uses to raise their hoods. The procedure was very tricky. Scientists had to implant tiny electrodes into the snake's muscles while the reptile was carefully anaesthetized. Once the electrodes were in place, they took measurements of electrical activity...

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2009-08-06 10:46:11

Venomous sea snakes have evolved to deceive their predators into thinking that they have two heads, researchers reported on Wednesday. Writing in the journal Marine Ecology, Dr Arne Redsted Rasmussen and Dr Johan Elmberg found that Yellow-lipped Sea Kraits have skin markings that make their tail look like a second head. Also, they noted that the snake behaves as if the tail is another head. The performance is all part of the sea snake's effort to trick its predators so that it is less...

2009-06-13 00:25:43

A janitor at a department store in downtown Melbourne survived a bite by a deadly snake lurking in a dumpster, medical workers say. Paul Bentley, a spokesman for Ambulance-Victoria, said the 29-year-old told emergency workers he was throwing out trash in an alley behind the Myer store when he felt a bite on his finger, The Age reported. He pulled his hand out and saw an 8-inch snake with its fangs in his finger. Workers at St. Vincent's Hospital said they found venom from a brown snake on the...

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2009-01-23 09:37:50

Spitting cobras have an exceptional ability to spray venom into eyes of potential attackers. A new study published in Physiological and Biochemical Zoology reveals how these snakes maximize their chances of hitting the target. The name "spitting cobra" is a bit of a misnomer. Cobras don't actually "spit" venom, says the study's lead author Bruce Young, director of the Anatomical Laboratory in the Department of Physical Therapy at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell. Muscle contractions...

2009-01-22 14:15:26

Police said an Indiana man who was bitten by a venomous snake was later charged with possessing the serpent without a permit. Conservation Officer Mac Spainhour said John Haley was rushed to a hospital after he was bitten by a rhinoceros viper Monday and medical staff discovered the snake's bite had not injected any venom into his blood, WLKY-TV, Louisville, Ky., reported Thursday. Today, I went back with a snake expert from our department and we confiscated three venomous snakes and there's...

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2008-11-07 14:40:00

Sea snakes may slither in saltwater, but they sip the sweet stuff. So concludes a University of Florida zoologist in a paper appearing this month in the online edition of the November/December issue of the journal Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. Harvey Lillywhite says it has been the "long-standing dogma" that the roughly 60 species of venomous sea snakes worldwide satisfy their drinking needs by drinking seawater, with internal salt glands filtering and excreting the salt. Experiments...


Latest Elapidae Reference Libraries

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2008-11-21 16:20:28

The Colubrine Sea Krait or Yellow-lipped Sea Krait (Laticauda colubrina), is a species of sea snake found in tropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is common around East India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Borneo, Vietnam, Philippines, Nicobar Islands, Coastal Taiwan, Bay of Bengal, New Guinea, Japan's Ryukyu Islands, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Mexico, El Salvador and Nicaragua. Adult females are about 56 inches in length with males being only about 35 inches in length. They are...

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2007-04-18 15:06:41

The Fierce Snake, also known as the Small Scaled Snake and Inland Taipan, is a highly venomous snake that belongs to the Elapidae family. The Fierce Snake is the most venomous snake in the world. A single bite from this snake can kill as many as 100 human adults. It is 50 times more venomous than the Indian Cobra, and as much as 850 times more venomous than the Diamondback. The victim of an intravenous bite from the fierce snake will die in less than two seconds. The Fierce Snake is...

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2007-03-19 18:42:48

The Tiger Snake, Notechis scutatus, is a highly venomous species of elapid snake found in Australia. They most often found along inland waterways and around the lower lakes of the River Murray. There are two species recognized; The Common Tiger Snake and The Tasmanian Tiger Snake. As with most snakes color varies widely among tiger snakes and is an unreliable means of identifying the species. Colors can vary from jet black, yellow/orange with gray bands, and sandy gray with no bands....

41_e2f0a9a1284365f99cc06c793a60598d
2007-03-19 18:16:06

The Banded Krait, Bungarus fasciatus, is a venomous snake found in India and Southeast Asia. It occurs in the whole of the Indo-Chinese sub-region, the Malaysian peninsula and archipelago of Southern China. It has been recorded from northeast India through Myanmar, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and southern China to Malaysia and the main Indonesian islands of Borneo (Java and Sumatra), as well as Singapore. In India, it is generally found in the North-East. It has been recorded in Bihar...

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2007-03-19 17:57:58

The Common Krait, Bungarus caeruleus, is a type of krait that is found in the jungles of the Indian sub-continent. It is highly venomous and is one of the four most venomous snakes in India. The body colour varies from a dark steely blue-black to a pale faded bluish grey. The average length is 40 inches. It has large hexagonal scales running down its spine. The white cross bands are more prominent near the tail region. Males are larger than females and also have a longer tail.

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