Latest Electron Stories

2013-07-31 10:42:29

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute researchers have identified the mechanism behind a plague of LED light bulbs: a flaw called “efficiency droop” that causes LEDs to lose up to 20 percent of their efficiency as they are subjected to greater electrical currents. Efficiency droop, first reported in 1999, has been a key obstacle in the development of LED lighting for situations, like household lighting, that call for economical sources of versatile and bright...

2013-07-29 16:42:20

MIT researchers expand the range of quantum behaviors that can be replicated in fluidic systems, offering a new perspective on wave-particle duality In the early days of quantum physics, in an attempt to explain the wavelike behavior of quantum particles, the French physicist Louis de Broglie proposed what he called a "pilot wave" theory. According to de Broglie, moving particles — such as electrons, or the photons in a beam of light — are borne along on...

2013-07-29 16:23:33

Physicists use dysprosium to put bounds on maximum speed of electrons Albert Einstein's assertion that there's an ultimate speed limit – the speed of light – has withstood countless tests over the past 100 years, but that didn't stop University of California, Berkeley, postdoc Michael Hohensee and graduate student Nathan Leefer from checking whether some particles break this law. The team's first attempt to test this fundamental tenet of the special...

Speed Limit Set For Fastest Electrical Switch
2013-07-29 08:45:07

DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have clocked the fastest-possible electrical switching in magnetite, a naturally magnetic mineral. Their results could drive innovations in the tiny transistors that control the flow of electricity across silicon chips, enabling faster, more powerful computing devices. Scientists using SLAC's Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray laser found that it...

Antimatter Particles From Solar Flares
2013-07-10 08:32:20

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online When the Universe was born, equal amounts of matter and anti-matter - matter with the same physical behavior as its matter counterparts, but with opposite charge - should have been created. However, the cosmos now appears to be dominated by normal matter. Usually, direct study of anti-matter requires costly particle-accelerator experiments, or in some cases space-based observatories. Now however, Gregory D. Fleishman from the...

2013-07-09 21:22:44

The unique properties of graphene such as its incredible strength and, at the same time, its little weight have raised high expectations in modern material science. Graphene, a two-dimensional crystal of carbon atoms packed in a honeycomb structure, has been in the focus of intensive research which led to a Nobel Prize of Physics in 2010. One major challenge is to successfully integrate graphene into the established metal-silicide technology. Scientists from the University of Vienna and their...

Detection Of Single Photons Through Quantum Entanglement
2013-07-08 10:47:20

University of Innsbruck Almost 200 years ago, Bavarian physicist Joseph von Fraunhofer discovered dark lines in the sun's spectrum. It was later discovered that these spectral lines can be used to infer the chemical composition and temperature of the sun's atmosphere. Today we are able to gain information about diverse objects through light measurements in a similar way. Because often very little light needs to be detected for this, physicists are looking for ever more sensitive...

Light Transistor Developed By TU Vienna
2013-07-08 10:08:30

Vienna University of Technology TU Vienna has managed to turn the oscillation direction of beams of light -- simply by applying an electrical current to a special material. This way, a transistor can be built that functions with light instead of electrical current. Light can oscillate in different directions, as we can see in the 3D cinema: Each lens of the glasses only allows light of a particular oscillation direction to pass through. However, changing the polarization direction of...

Ionization Potential Of Radioactive Element Astatine Measured
2013-07-07 20:25:24

The radioactive element astatine, the name of which is derived from the Greek word for 'instability,' is so rare on earth that it has not yet been investigated to any greater extent and, as a consequence, very little is known about it. Using artificially generated astatine, the Mainz-based physicist Sebastian Rothe has now managed for the first time to experimentally explore one of its fundamental parameters, the ionization potential, and thus determine one of the most important properties of...

2013-07-02 14:05:08

Electron transfer is a process by which an atom donates an electron to another atom. It is the foundation of all chemical reactions, and is of intense research because of the implications it has for chemistry and biology. When two molecules interact, electron transfer takes place in a few quadrillionths (10-15¬) of a second, or femtoseconds (fsec), meaning that studying this event requires very time-sensitive techniques like ultrafast spectroscopy. However, the transfer itself is...

Latest Electron Reference Libraries

2010-10-04 16:07:17

The Cathode Ray Tube, which has internal or external means to accelerate and deflect electron beams, is a vacuum tube containing an electron gun and a fluorescent screen. The electron beams that are deflected are used to create images in the form of light emitted from the fluorescent screen. The CRT works by using an evacuated glass envelope which is large, deep, heavy, and relatively fragile. Ferdinand Braun is credited with the first CRT in 1897. It can also be known as the Braun tube....

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Radiation -- Solar radiation is radiant energy emitted by the sun due to nuclear fusion reactions. Fusion is the process whereby stars produce huge quantities of energy from the fusion of hydrogen or helium, in one of the most efficient processes of energy generation. The radiation referred to is usually electromagnetic energy, particularly infrared radiation, visible light, and ultraviolet. Some stars are known to emit radiation of other wavelengths. Solar neutrinos are a...

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Word of the Day
  • The navel or umbilicus.
  • In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
  • A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.
'Omphalos' comes from the ancient Greek.