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2014-02-07 12:44:41

Topological insulators could exist in 6 new types not seen before Topological insulators — materials whose surfaces can freely conduct electrons even though their interiors are electrical insulators — have been of great interest to physicists in recent years because of unusual properties that may provide insights into quantum physics. But most analysis of such materials has had to rely on highly simplified models. Now, a team of researchers at MIT has performed a more detailed...

Researchers Find Clear Evidence For Coherent Phonons In Superlattices
2014-02-06 13:20:27

Berkeley Lab We all learn in high school science about the dual nature of light – that it exists as both waves and quantum particles called photons. It is this duality of light that enables the coherent transport of photons in lasers. Sound at the atomic-scale has the same dual nature, existing as both waves and quasi-particles known as phonons. Does this duality allow for phonon-based lasers? Some theorists say yes, but the point has been argued for years. Recently a large...

Quarks In The Mirror
2014-02-06 12:22:26

DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility From matching wings on butterflies to the repeating six-point pattern of snowflakes, symmetries echo through nature, even down to the smallest building blocks of matter. Since the discovery of quarks, the building blocks of protons and neutrons, physicists have been exploiting those symmetries to study quarks' intrinsic properties and to uncover what those properties can reveal about the physical laws that govern them. A recent...

New Type Of Electronic Device Suggested By Ballistic Transport In Graphene
2014-02-06 11:59:13

Georgia Institute of Technology Using electrons more like photons could provide the foundation for a new type of electronic device that would capitalize on the ability of graphene to carry electrons with almost no resistance even at room temperature – a property known as ballistic transport. Research reported this week shows that electrical resistance in nanoribbons of epitaxial graphene changes in discrete steps following quantum mechanical principles. The research shows that the...

Long-awaited Synthetic Particle Discovered By Scientists
2014-01-30 12:14:48

Aalto University Researchers at Aalto University and Amherst College have now created and photographed synthetic magnetic monopoles under laboratory conditions. These observations lay the foundation for the underlying structure of the natural magnetic monopole – the detection of which would be a revolutionary event comparable to the discovery of the electron. The results were recently published in Nature magazine. Although predicted over 80 years ago, the fundamentally...

New Quantum Dots Bring New Era Of Electronics Operating On Single-atom Level
2014-01-27 11:14:03

Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw New types of solotronic structures, including the world's first quantum dots containing single cobalt ions, have been created and studied at the Faculty of Physics at the University of Warsaw. The materials and elements used to form these structures allow us forecast new trends in solotronics – a field of experimental electronics and spintronics of the future, based on operations occurring on a single-atom level. Electronic systems operating on...

Researchers Find New Form Of Quantum Matter
2014-01-17 14:24:26

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene – the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon – promises exciting new things to come for the high-tech industry, including much faster transistors and far more compact hard drives. A collaboration of researchers at the U.S Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has discovered...

2-proton Bit Controlled By Single Copper Atom
2014-01-17 12:27:57

Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences Just a single foreign atom located in the vicinity of a molecule can change spatial arrangement of its atoms. In a spectacular experiment, an international team of researchers was able to change persistently positions of the nuclei of hydrogen atoms in a porphycene molecule by approaching a single copper atom to the molecule. A subatomic bit formed by two protons tunneling inside a simple organic molecule can be switched...

2014-01-16 14:34:09

Novel biological mechanism relays electrons in proteins in mineral-breathing bacteria important for energy-related research Researchers simulating how certain bacteria run electrical current through tiny molecular wires have discovered a secret Nature uses for electron travel. The results are key to understanding how the bacteria do chemistry in the ground, and will help researchers use them in microbial fuel cells, batteries, or for turning waste into electricity. Within the bacteria's...

2014-01-03 15:42:18

The UPV/EHU physicist Eneko Malatsetxebarria has explored, on a theoretical level, some quantum effects that take place in atoms at a very low temperature. Firstly, he has discovered that boson-type atoms and fermion-type ones can be mixed in a specific way. So he has made the necessary conditions for carrying out these experiments available to experimental physicists. Secondly, he has deduced how fermions would influence bosons in this case. The experiments carried out on cold atoms are...


Latest Electron Reference Libraries

0_61ea0425e0bdd56719dc11be365e49db
2010-10-04 16:07:17

The Cathode Ray Tube, which has internal or external means to accelerate and deflect electron beams, is a vacuum tube containing an electron gun and a fluorescent screen. The electron beams that are deflected are used to create images in the form of light emitted from the fluorescent screen. The CRT works by using an evacuated glass envelope which is large, deep, heavy, and relatively fragile. Ferdinand Braun is credited with the first CRT in 1897. It can also be known as the Braun tube....

4_ca2a430d92c0a654eab512344edfa0dd2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Radiation -- Solar radiation is radiant energy emitted by the sun due to nuclear fusion reactions. Fusion is the process whereby stars produce huge quantities of energy from the fusion of hydrogen or helium, in one of the most efficient processes of energy generation. The radiation referred to is usually electromagnetic energy, particularly infrared radiation, visible light, and ultraviolet. Some stars are known to emit radiation of other wavelengths. Solar neutrinos are a...

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Word of the Day
Cthulhu
  • A gigantic fictional humanoid alien god being described with a head resembling an octopus and dragon wings and claws, around whom an insane cult developed.
  • Pertaining to the mythos of Cthulhu and additional otherworldly beings created by H. P. Lovecraft or inspired by his writings and imitators.
This word was invented in 1926 by H.P. Lovecraft for his short story, 'The Call of Cthulhu.' 'Cthulhu' may be based on the word 'chthonic,' which in Greek mythology refers to the underworld.
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