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Endocrine system Reference Libraries

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Technophobia
2013-12-24 11:45:54

Technophobia, from Greek techne, meaning art, skill, or craft, and phobos, meaning fear, is the fear or the dislike of advanced technology or complex devices, particularly computers. Although there are a number of interpretations of technophobia, they appear to become more complex as technology continues to evolve. The term is usually used in the sense of irrational fear, but others contend...

Pituitary gland
2013-04-30 10:34:49

The pituitary gland, also called the hypophysis, is an endocrine organ found within a small, bony cavity at the base of the brain. Its primary function is to secrete hormones that regulate homeostasis. More specifically, the pituitary gland is a glandular structure about the size of a pea. It is located below the brain and above the nasal cavity in a protected pocket called the sella...

Pineal Gland
2013-04-30 10:31:18

The pineal gland, also called the epiphysis cerebri, is an endocrine organ located in the brain. Its primary function is to regulate the sleep cycle and influence sexual development. It is a reddish-gray glandular structure that forms the roof of the third ventricle in the brain, between the two lateral ventricles, tucked in a groove near the thalamic bodies. Its body is relatively the size of...

Ovaries
2013-03-05 14:55:04

The ovaries are the two reproductive female organs where the eggs are produced. These are parallel to the testes in men. Formation and Orientation Each ovary is the size of an almond and is located on one side of the pelvis before the ureter and internal iliac artery but after the external iliac artery. They are attached to either side of the uterus. They are connected and release eggs to...

Hypothalamus
2013-03-04 13:43:30

The hypothalamus is an organ that serves as an important link, along the hypothalamic-hypophyseal axis, between the nervous system and the endocrine system. It is located within the cranial cavity, in the cerebrum, right below the thalamus. It also forms the floor of the third ventricle in the brain. It contains neural pathways, blood vessels, glial cells, and secretory cells—all of which...

Thyroid And Parathyroid Glands
2013-03-04 13:34:45

The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland located anterior to the trachea and inferior to the thyroid cartilage. It is butterfly shaped with three lobes that make it the largest endocrine organ in the body. Its primary function is to control the body’s metabolism by regulating how quickly the body uses energy, proteins, and hormones. The two lateral lobes are connected by the middle lobe...

Adrenal Gland
2013-03-04 12:51:56

The adrenal glands are endocrine glands located directly on top of the kidneys. Their main function is to secrete vital hormones and steroids during times of stress, as well as govern many different bodily functions. The hormones that the adrenal glands secrete are primarily derived from amino acids or lipids. The right adrenal gland is pyramid-shaped, while the left adrenal gland is shaped...

Insulin
2010-12-03 18:12:26

Insulin, a hormone, is used to regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. Insulin causes cells to take up glucose from the blood and store it as glycogen in the liver and muscle. This hormone stops the body from using fat as an energy source by inhibiting the release of glucagons. Without insulin the body fails to take glucose into the bodies cells and in turns uses fat as an energy...

Word of the Day
call-note
  • The call or cry of a bird or other animal to its mate or its young.
'Call-note' is newer than 'bird-call,' which originally referred to 'an instrument for imitating the note of birds' but now also refers to 'the song or cry of a bird.'
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