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Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 8:28 EDT

Environment Reference Libraries

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Palaeovespa
2014-04-18 16:08:43

Palaeovespa is a genus of wasps that holds seven species, all of which are extinct. Two of the species were discovered in Baltic amber deposits from Europe dating back to the middle Eocene era, while the other five were found in Florissant Formation amber from the Priabonian stage era in Colorado in the United States. This genus, and four of its species, was first described in 1906 by Dr....

Stream Bluet Enallagma exsulans
2014-04-18 15:58:11

The stream bluet (Enallagma exsulans) is a species of damselfly that can be found in North America. Its range includes four areas of Canada including Nova Scotia and Ontario, three states in Mexico including Hidalgo, and thirty-four states in the United States including Alabama, Indiana, and New York. This species prefers to reside near flowing rivers and streams, unlike many other damselflies,...

Negros Fruit Dove Ptilinopus arcanus
2014-04-18 14:10:41

The Negros Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus arcanus) is a species of bird belonging to the pigeon and dove family Columbidae. It is native to the island of Negros located in the Philippines. This fruit dove is known from a single female specimen collected from the slopes of Mount Kanloan within the northern portion of the island. While it was found at a high elevation, it is suspected that the species...

Mauritius Blue Pigeon Alectroenas nitidissima
2014-04-18 12:27:42

The Mauritius Blue Pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissima) is an extinct species of blue pigeon previously native to the Mascarene island of Mauritius located in the Indian Ocean eastwards of Madagascar. It has two extinct relatives from the Mascarenes and three living ones from other islands. It is the type species of the genus of blue pigeons, Alectroenas. It had white colored hackles around the...

Newtons Parakeet Psittacula exsul
2014-04-18 12:25:06

Newton’s Parakeet or the Rodrigues Parakeet (Psittacula exsul) is an extinct species of parrot that was native to the Mascarene island of Rodrigues located in the western Indian Ocean. It was closely related to the Alexandrine Parrot of the same genus and was likely descended from it. It diverged from related species in several of its features, signifying that it had most likely been isolated...

Carolina Parakeet Conuropsis carolinensis
2014-04-18 11:57:25

The Carolina Parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis) or the Carolina Conure was a small green colored Neotropical parrot with brilliant yellow colored head, reddish orange face and pale beak that was native to the eastern, Midwest, and plains states of the United States and was the only indigenous parrot within its range. It was found from southern New York and Wisconsin to Kentucky, Tennessee and...

Choiseul Pigeon Microgoura meeki
2014-04-18 11:39:05

The Choiseul Pigeon or Solomon’s Crested Pigeon (Microgoura meeki) is an extinct species of bird belonging to the pigeon and dove family Columbidae. It was native to the islands of Choiseul located in the Solomon Islands, although there are unsubstantiated reports that it might have once lived on several nearby islands. The pigeon was monotypic within the genus Microgoura and had no known...

2014-04-18 10:27:02

The Sulu Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba menagei) is a species of bird within the pigeon and dove family Columbidae. It is native to the island of Tawi-Tawi and its surrounding islets within the Philippines’ Sulu Archipelago. This species is known from two specimens that were collected in 1891, and has not been recorded with certainty since then. It resides in primary and secondary forests that...

Passenger Pigeon Ectopistes migratorius
2014-04-18 10:16:19

The Passenger Pigeon or the Wild Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) is an extinct North American bird. The species resided in enormous migratory flocks until the early 20th century, when hunting and habitat destruction led to its demise. One flock in 1866 in southern Ontario was described as being 1 mile wide and 300 miles long, took 14 hours to pass, and held more than 3.5 billion birds. That...

Bishop Pine Pinus muricata
2014-04-18 10:20:50

Bishop pine (Pinus muricata) grows on or near the coast in California and Mexico; becoming endangered in Mexico. This tree also goes by the name of prickle cone pine, bull pine, Obispo pine, Santa Cruz pine and dwarf marine pine. This pine relies on the dense fog from the coast for its water supply as well as rainwater. This pine is also highly dependent on forest fires for future regeneration...