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Cumberland Pig
2014-08-15 11:16:52

The Cumberland pig is a breed of domestic pig that was developed in Northern areas of England. It was once used for the meat industry, specifically for use in local delicacies like Cumberland ham or sausage, but it went extinct in 1960 after leaner meat became popular. It is thought that the breed was developed the course of a few hundred years in Westmorland and Cumberland. It was a close...

Pale-throated Sloth Bradypus tridactylus
2014-08-13 14:57:39

The pale-throated sloth (Bradypus tridactylus) is a species of three-toed sloth that can be found in northern areas of South America. Its range includes Guyana, French Guiana, some areas of Brazil, and western areas of Colombia and Venezuela. This species can only be found in tropical rainforests. It is not thought to hold any subspecies and is closely related to the brown-throated sloth, which...

Short-beaked Echidna Tachyglossus aculeatus
2014-08-13 14:53:30

The short-beaked echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus), once called the spiny anteater, is the sole member of its genus and one of four remaining species of echidna. It resides in Australia and New Guinea, residing in a variety of habitats including grasslands, forests, coasts, and in agricultural areas. This species was first described in 1792 by George Shaw, who named it Myrmecophaga aculeate,...

Brown-throated Sloth Bradypus variegatus
2014-08-13 14:47:30

The brown-throated sloth (Bradypus variegatus) is a species of three-toed sloth that can be found in Central and South America. Its range extends from Honduras through Nicaragua, Panama, and Costa Rica to Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela and eastern areas of Peru. It is not thought to reside in the Amazon rainforest or in areas east of the Rio Negro. This species resides in a number of...

Auckland Island Pig
2014-08-07 11:44:58

The Auckland Island pig is a breed of feral pig that resides on Auckland Island in New Zealand. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, domestic pigs were released onto many sub-Antarctic islands, including Auckland Island, by Europeans who wanted stranded sailors or whalers to have a steady supply of food when visiting these uninhabited islands. This process began in 1807 and after...

European Seabass Dicentrarchus labrax
2014-08-06 11:52:06

The European Seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is a primarily ocean-going fish that occasionally enters brackish and fresh waters. It can also be known as the sea dace. As it is highly regarded as a table fish, it is often marketed as Mediterranean Seabass, bronzini or branzini. There has been some ferocious debate in Britain within the recent years as to the origin of the word “seabass”....

Pond Turtle Emydidae
2014-08-06 11:33:54

Emydidae is a family that contains nearly fifty species of pond turtles, also known as marsh turtles, which can primarily be found in the Western Hemisphere. This family is most closely related to tortoises and shares a few characteristics with them including similar iliums. Most species within this family have an arched carapace, or upper shell, although some have domed shaped shells, and many...

Frogfish Antennariidae
2014-08-06 11:08:26

Antennariidae is a family that holds forty-eight species of frogfish, which are actually a type of anglerfish that reside in the tropical and sub-tropical waters of the Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Pacific Ocean, and Atlantic Ocean. Most frogfish species can be found along the ocean floor near coral or rock reefs, although the Brackishwater Frogfish can be found in both salt and fresh water and the...

Freshwater Eels Anguillidae
2014-08-06 10:21:09

Anguillidae is a family of nineteen species and six subspecies of freshwater eels that reside in freshwater lakes, rivers, and estuaries. These eels are long and snake-like in shape with a large head and the dorsal fins typically merge with the anal and caudal fins, creating a fringe on the end of the body. The pectoral fins are small and the scales are soft and thin. Anguillidae eels migrate...

Cavefish Amblyopsidae
2014-08-06 09:52:18

Amblyopsidae is a family that holds six species of cavefish, also known as blindfish or swampfish, that reside in swampy and dark waters in eastern areas of the United States. Although there are over 170 species of cavefish, only six of these are classified in the Amblyopsidae family, some of which reside in swamps, while others reside in the water systems of caves like those in the Mammoth...

Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'