Quantcast

Latest Environmental microbiology Stories

2014-04-07 12:43:00

Wistar Findings Suggest Link between Colon Microbiome and Genome Stability Colorectal cancer develops in what is probably the most complex environment in the human body, a place where human cells cohabitate with a colony of approximately 10 trillion bacteria, most of which are unknown. At the 2014 American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting in San Diego, researchers from The Wistar Institute will present findings that suggest the colon “microbiome” of gut bacteria can...

Bacterial Biofilms Used To Create Lifelike Materials
2014-03-24 04:29:52

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online By drawing inspiration from the way in which minerals, living cells and other substances combine to form bone, a team of MIT engineers have created a type of “living material” out of bacterial cells, according to research appearing in Sunday’s edition of the journal Nature Materials. Lead author Allen Chen, an MIT-Harvard MD-PhD student, and his colleagues coaxed those cells to produce biofilms capable of incorporating...

2014-03-12 11:32:47

The interactions of the gut microbiota in children with typical diabetes autoantibodies differ from that in healthy children. The fact that these differences already exist before antibodies are detectable in the blood adds to the growing evidence that microbial DNA, the so-called microbiome, may be involved in the development of autoimmune processes. Scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum München have published their findings in the specialist journal Diabetes. As part of the BABYDIET...

Garlic Substance Can Help Give Antibiotics A Boost When Fighting Resistant Bacteria
2014-02-19 03:57:45

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A substance found in garlic can help combat even the most aggressive and treatment-resistant strains of bacteria, a doctoral candidate from the University of Copenhagen has discovered as part of a PhD thesis on the beneficial properties of the odoriferous plant and commonly-used culinary ingredient. The discovery, which was made by Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences student Tim Holm Jakobsen, comes as aggressive...

New Insights Into How Biofilms Form Provided By CMOS Technology
2014-02-11 11:52:58

[ Watch the Video: Chips that Listen to Bacteria ] Holly Evarts - Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science In a study published today in Nature Communications, a research team led by Ken Shepard, professor of electrical engineering and biomedical engineering at Columbia Engineering, and Lars Dietrich, assistant professor of biological sciences at Columbia University, has demonstrated that integrated circuit technology, the basis of modern computers and...

Photosynthesis-Activating Protein Likely Predates Oxygen On Earth
2014-02-09 08:21:12

[ Watch the Video: Photosynthesis Older Than Oxygen ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports – Your Universe Online Thioredoxin, a protein essential to the process of photosynthesis in plants, likely developed on Earth long before oxygen ever became available, according to a study published in last week’s early online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. In the study, an international team of researchers analyzing methane-producing microbes found that...

2014-02-07 13:15:15

A team of researchers led by Virginia Tech and University of California, Berkeley, scientists has discovered that a regulatory process that turns on photosynthesis in plants at daybreak likely developed on Earth in ancient microbes 2.5 billion years ago, long before oxygen became available. The research opens new scientific areas in the fields of evolutionary biology and microbiology. The work also has broad societal implications as it allows scientists to better understand the production...

2014-01-10 11:12:16

The human microbiome, the collection of trillions of microbes living in and on the human body, is not random, and scientists believe that it plays a role in many basic life processes. As science continues to explore and better understand the role of the human microbiome. A new report from the American Academy of Microbiology addresses some of the most common questions about this growing area of research. The report, entitled FAQ: Human Microbiome is based on the deliberations of 13 of the...

2014-01-10 10:45:38

Scientists discover extracellular vesicles produced by ocean microbes Marine cyanobacteria — tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 — are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles. They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and with their own body mass, which forms the base of the ocean food chain. Now scientists at MIT have discovered another dimension of the outsized role played by these tiny...

2014-01-08 17:19:59

UT Arlington researchers focusing on the Amazon recently found that widespread conversion from rainforest to pastureland has significant effects on microorganism communities that may lead to a reduction in the region’s role as a reservoir for greenhouse gas. The Amazon rainforest is the largest terrestrial reservoir or “sink” for carbon dioxide, a gas that has been linked to climate change. Through photosynthesis, the Amazon absorbs 1.5 billion tons of carbon dioxide from the...


Word of the Day
caparison
  • A cloth or covering, more or less ornamented, laid over the saddle or furniture of a horse, especially of a sumpter-horse or horse of state.
  • Clothing, especially sumptuous clothing; equipment; outfit.
  • To cover with a caparison, as a horse.
  • To dress sumptuously; adorn with rich dress.
This word ultimately comes from the Medieval Latin 'cappa,' cloak.
Related