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Latest Environmental microbiology Stories

2013-08-08 11:03:27

Implications for development of immune system and allergies, say researchers The range of helpful bacteria in the guts of infants delivered by caesarean section, during their first two years of life, is narrower than that of infants delivered vaginally, indicates a small study published online in the journal Gut. This has implications for the development of the immune system, say the researchers, particularly as the C-section infants had lower levels of the major group of gut bacteria...

Dark Matter In The Biological Realm
2013-07-17 04:31:08

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A hot topic in astronomy is the search for dark matter - mass that seems to dominate the Universe, yet eludes our detection. Similarly, the field of biology encounters its own "dark matter" problem. Microbial dark matter, as it's called, draws its parallels from its cosmological cousin in that it is all around us, dominating this Earthly domain. Yet, it is incredibly difficult to characterize. "Microbes are the most abundant...

Light Shed On British Columbia's Unseen Biodiversity With Global Survey Of Microbial 'Dark Matter'
2013-07-16 09:12:00

University of British Columbia A landmark single-cell genomic study of microorgansims from sites across the globe is highlighting British Columbia's role as an 'oasis' of biodiversity. The findings, to be published Sunday in Nature, could also prompt scientists to redefine how the tree of life represents relationships among and between life's three domains. "British Columbia has long been recognized for its biological diversity in flora and fauna," says University of British Columbia...

2013-06-25 12:46:49

A new palm-sized microarray that holds 1,200 individual cultures of fungi or bacteria could enable faster, more efficient drug discovery, according to a study published in mBio®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. Scientists at the University of Texas at San Antonio and the U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research at Fort Sam Houston have developed a microarray platform for culturing fungal biofilms, and validated one potential application of the...

2013-06-12 16:26:23

AGA Urges FDA to Streamline Process to Get Treatment to Patients BETHESDA, Md., June 12, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Generally, drug development in the U.S. is powered by pharmaceutical company laboratories. In an unusual turn of events, a promising new treatment for debilitating recurrent Clostridium difficile infection has developed outside the usual drug-development process, and the treatment isn't a chemical compound, but microbes that live in the human gut. Every year more...

2013-06-05 08:28:50

The role of gut bacteria in ulcerative colitis to be the focus of pharmaceutical collaboration in microbiome R&D SAN BRUNO, Calif., June 5, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Second Genome, Inc. announced today that the company has entered into an agreement with Janssen Biotech, Inc. (Janssen) focused on microbiome drug discovery. With the goal of advancing novel drug targets, the agreement is focused on therapeutic mechanisms in ulcerative colitis mediated by the bacterial ecosystem living...

Student Builds Human Colon Replica To Understand Impact Bacteria Has On Groundwater
2013-05-28 10:53:18

University of California - Riverside To better understand how bacteria impact the environment a former University of California, Riverside graduate student spent nearly a year building a system that replicates a human colon, septic tank and groundwater and "fed" the colon three times a day during weeklong experiments to simulate human eating. Ian Marcus, who recently earned his Ph.D. from the UC Riverside Bourns College of Engineering, said discussion of the research often left people a...

Extreme Arctic Bacteria Could Thrive On Mars
2013-05-24 14:19:27

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A recent discovery made on Ellesmere Island in the Canadian High Arctic opens up the possibly that bacteria could grow on the surface of Mars. Scientists recently found that a bacterium was able to thrive at five degrees Fahrenheit, which is the coldest temperature ever reported for bacterial growth. The bacterium provides clues about preconditions for microbial life on both the Saturn moon Enceladus and Mars. The researchers...

2013-05-05 23:03:54

Wound Rinse Removes Bacteria and Biofilms and Enhances Healing Claremont CA (PRWEB) May 05, 2013 Removing embedded bacteria from biofilms in wounds remains a challenge to doctors and caregivers. Likewise, veterinarians face similar challenges treating their zoo patients. Synedgen will report compelling data on new treatments against wound biofilms at a poster session at the 113th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology (asm2013) on May 18-21, 2013, at the Colorado...

2013-05-01 12:27:55

ROSEVILLE, Minn., May 1, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- William "Bill" McGuire, M.D., former chairman and CEO of UnitedHealth Group, has joined the board of directors of Rebiotix Inc. The Roseville, Minn.-based biotechnology company is pioneering a practical and non-antibiotic treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) known as Microbiota Restoration Therapy (MRT). CDI has been linked to 14,000 deaths annually in the US, and has become the most common healthcare-associated...