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Latest Environmental microbiology Stories

Garlic Substance Can Help Give Antibiotics A Boost When Fighting Resistant Bacteria
2014-02-19 03:57:45

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A substance found in garlic can help combat even the most aggressive and treatment-resistant strains of bacteria, a doctoral candidate from the University of Copenhagen has discovered as part of a PhD thesis on the beneficial properties of the odoriferous plant and commonly-used culinary ingredient. The discovery, which was made by Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences student Tim Holm Jakobsen, comes as aggressive...

New Insights Into How Biofilms Form Provided By CMOS Technology
2014-02-11 11:52:58

[ Watch the Video: Chips that Listen to Bacteria ] Holly Evarts - Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science In a study published today in Nature Communications, a research team led by Ken Shepard, professor of electrical engineering and biomedical engineering at Columbia Engineering, and Lars Dietrich, assistant professor of biological sciences at Columbia University, has demonstrated that integrated circuit technology, the basis of modern computers and...

Photosynthesis-Activating Protein Likely Predates Oxygen On Earth
2014-02-09 08:21:12

[ Watch the Video: Photosynthesis Older Than Oxygen ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports – Your Universe Online Thioredoxin, a protein essential to the process of photosynthesis in plants, likely developed on Earth long before oxygen ever became available, according to a study published in last week’s early online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. In the study, an international team of researchers analyzing methane-producing microbes found that...

2014-02-07 13:15:15

A team of researchers led by Virginia Tech and University of California, Berkeley, scientists has discovered that a regulatory process that turns on photosynthesis in plants at daybreak likely developed on Earth in ancient microbes 2.5 billion years ago, long before oxygen became available. The research opens new scientific areas in the fields of evolutionary biology and microbiology. The work also has broad societal implications as it allows scientists to better understand the production...

2014-01-10 11:12:16

The human microbiome, the collection of trillions of microbes living in and on the human body, is not random, and scientists believe that it plays a role in many basic life processes. As science continues to explore and better understand the role of the human microbiome. A new report from the American Academy of Microbiology addresses some of the most common questions about this growing area of research. The report, entitled FAQ: Human Microbiome is based on the deliberations of 13 of the...

2014-01-10 10:45:38

Scientists discover extracellular vesicles produced by ocean microbes Marine cyanobacteria — tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 — are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles. They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and with their own body mass, which forms the base of the ocean food chain. Now scientists at MIT have discovered another dimension of the outsized role played by these tiny...

2014-01-08 17:19:59

UT Arlington researchers focusing on the Amazon recently found that widespread conversion from rainforest to pastureland has significant effects on microorganism communities that may lead to a reduction in the region’s role as a reservoir for greenhouse gas. The Amazon rainforest is the largest terrestrial reservoir or “sink” for carbon dioxide, a gas that has been linked to climate change. Through photosynthesis, the Amazon absorbs 1.5 billion tons of carbon dioxide from the...

Sandstone Bacteria thrives on oil iron
2013-12-19 08:32:10

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Able to withstand high heat, high salinity, low oxygen, utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms, the bacteria Halomonas is a very hardy breed. Traits such as these enable these microbes to eke out a living in deep sandstone and have proven to be useful for hydrocarbon extraction and carbon sequestration. The new study, published in Environmental Microbiology, gives the first unobstructed view of the...

Domestic Dogs Offer Protection From Asthma And Infection: Study
2013-12-17 11:46:04

[ Watch the Video: Pet Dogs May Shield Kids From Later Allergies ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Previous research has shown that children who grow up in a house with a dog are less likely to develop severe allergies and now a new study from an American team of researchers has found that gut bacteria may play a role in that relationship. According to a study published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), mice that were exposed to...


Word of the Day
vermicular
  • Like a worm in form or movement; vermiform; tortuous or sinuous; also, writhing or wriggling.
  • Like the track or trace of a worm; appearing as if worm-eaten; vermiculate.
  • Marked with fine, close-set, wavy or tortuous lines of color; vermiculated.
  • A form of rusticated masonry which is so wrought as to appear thickly indented with worm-tracks.
This word ultimately comes from the Latin 'vermis,' worm.
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