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Latest ESA Stories

CryoSat Shows Increase In Antarctica’s Ice Losses
2014-05-19 03:52:32

ESA Three years of observations from ESA’s CryoSat satellite show that the Antarctic ice sheet is now losing 159 billion tonnes of ice each year – twice as much as when it was last surveyed. The polar ice sheets are a major contributor to the rise in global sea levels, and these newly measured losses from Antarctica alone are enough to raise global sea levels by 0.45 mm each year. These latest findings by a team of scientists from the UK’s Centre for Polar Observation and...

Venus Express Preparing To Take The Plunge
2014-05-16 03:55:38

[ Watch the Video: ESA’s Venus Express Aerobraking Maneuver ] ESA After eight years in orbit, ESA’s Venus Express has completed routine science observations and is preparing for a daring plunge into the planet’s hostile atmosphere. Venus Express was launched on a Soyuz–Fregat from the Russian Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on 9 November 2005, and arrived at Venus on 11 April 2006. It has been orbiting Venus in an elliptical 24-hour loop that takes it from a distant 66...

ESA’s New X-ray Optics To Observe The Hot Universe
2014-05-16 03:41:51

ESA A new idea to use super-polished silicon wafers as the heart of a telescope is set to reveal more of the hot, high-energy Universe, peering back into its turbulent history. Invisible X-rays tell us about the very hot matter in the Universe – black holes, supernovas and superheated gas clouds. Today’s X-ray observatories, ESA’s XMM-Newton and NASA’s Chandra, were launched in the last century, and are still delivering world-class science. But they are starting to age. To...

Ice Mission And Harsh Polar Camping
2014-05-16 03:57:04

ESA While camping may appeal to some, scientists recently took the pastime to punishing limits. Enduring the bitter Arctic cold out on the sea ice, they were part of a major international effort to ensure ESA’s CryoSat satellite is delivering a true picture of Earth’s changing ice. Considered a barometer of climate change, diminishing polar ice has been a hot topic for a number of years. Over the last few decades, satellites have shown a downward trend in the area of Arctic Ocean...

ESA's Rosetta Spacecraft Spies Comet Beginning To Form Its Tail
2014-05-16 11:42:34

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The comet targeted for research by the European Space Agency’s Rosetta probe has begun to develop its tail as it zooms closer and closer to the Sun. The probe is maneuvering to align with the comet’s orbit this month and is slated to rendezvous with it in August. On Thursday, the ESA released a series of images showing comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko developing its tail, or coma. Taken between March 27 and May 4, the...

Students Send A Greeting To The Future
2014-05-16 03:28:51

ESA An enthusiastic group of schoolchildren sent a greeting to the future today, beaming a radio signal into space via an ESA tracking station in Spain. In January, over 200 participants around the world sent us video selfies as part of ESA’s Wake Up Rosetta campaign, with the videos collectively receiving some 75 000 votes. As the final prize, ESA today transmitted the top 10 video selfies into space, using one of the tracking stations that regularly communicates with Rosetta,...

Iris Could Make Air Travel Safer
2014-05-11 03:36:45

ESA Aviation accidents sometimes highlight how much we still rely on old-fashioned radio contact by pilots and vulnerable tracking systems. But satellites are set to change sky safety, thanks to international collaboration. ESA’s Iris program is looking to satellites to make aviation safer through modern communications. Worldwide digital data links via satellite, offering much higher capacity, will become the standard for cockpit crews, with voice communications kept as backup....

Versatility Of Sentinel-1 Demonstrated By Experts
2014-05-09 03:36:35

ESA From climate change monitoring to supporting humanitarian aid and crisis situations, early data applications from the month-old Sentinel-1A satellite show how the radar mission’s critical observations can be used to keep us and our planet safe. Launched from Europe’s Spaceport in French Guiana on 3 April, Sentinel-1A is the first satellite in Europe’s Copernicus environmental monitoring network. The mission uses radar to provide an all-weather, day-and-night supply of imagery...

Cluster Helps To Model The Mysterious Magnetosphere Of Earth
2014-05-09 03:10:38

ESA For many years, scientists have been striving to understand the constantly changing structure and behavior of the huge magnetic bubble that surrounds our planet. One approach – pioneered by Russian scientist Nikolai Tsyganenko - has been to develop models based on data sent back by spacecraft, such as ESA's Cluster quartet. As Earth sweeps around the Sun, it is constantly bombarded by energetic particles from solar storms and deep space. Fortunately, the planet generates a...

Swarm Satellites Precise Sense Of Magnetism
2014-05-08 03:26:09

ESA Although they were launched only five months ago, ESA’s trio of Swarm satellites are already delivering results with a precision that took earlier missions 10 years to achieve. Engineers have spent the last five months commissioning the identical satellites and carefully guiding them into their orbits to provide the crucial measurements that will unravel the mysteries of Earth’s magnetic field. Swarm has a challenging task ahead. Together, the satellites will measure and...


Latest ESA Reference Libraries

Roberto Vittori
2012-10-27 14:08:27

Roberto Vittori is an ESA astronaut as well as an Italian Air Force Officer and a test pilot for the United States. Vittorri was born on October 15, 1964 in Viterbo, Lazio, Italy and attended the Italian Air Force Academy, graduating in 1989. While working towards his graduation from the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School at Patuxent River, Maryland in 1995, Vittori operated the Tornado GR1 along with the 50th Wing of the 155th Squadron in Piacenza, Italy from 1991 to 1994. During this time, he...

Léopold Eyharts
2012-10-02 09:49:07

Léopold Eyharts is a Brigadier General in the French Air Force and an ESA (European Space Agency) astronaut. Eyharts was born April 28, 1957, in Biarritz, France. After completing his basic academics, he joined the French Air Force Academy of Salon-de-Provence in 1977 to study aeronautical engineering. Eyharts graduated in 1979 as an engineer. By 1980 he became a fighter pilot and was sent to the Istres Air Force Base in France. Initially he was assigned to an operational jaguar squadron...

68_9ab5ac6f56351de94d84c63caab3c666
2011-04-18 23:21:55

Jean-Francois Clervoy is a French engineer and test pilot, a CNES and ESA astronaut, and a veteran of three NASA Space Shuttle missions. He was born Jean-Francois André Clervoy on November 19, 1958 in France. He has a twin brother, Patrick, and is married to the former Laurence Boulanger. The couple has two children, and the family enjoys racquet sports, skill games, skiing, and flying kites. Clervoy graduated from high school in Saint-Cyr Lycee and then earned his Bachelor's degree from...

11_7dedeca136be41947ec952707b40be9e
2010-11-17 14:23:40

Chister Fuglesang is a Swedish physicist and an ESA astronaut. He was born Arne Christer Fuglesang on March 18, 1957 in Stockholm, Sweden. His mother was Swedish, but his father was Norwegian, having become a Swedish citizen just before Fuglesang's birth. Fuglesang graduated college, and went on to receive a Master of Science degree in engineering physics from the Royal Institute of Technology in 1981. While at the Royal Institute, he met Elisabeth, whom he married in 1983. He then earned a...

9_97b760b54aa7e1f81283511b4e3ada292
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Cassini-Huygens Mission -- The Cassini unmanned space probe is intended to study Saturn and its moons. It was launched on October 15, 1997 and is estimated to enter Saturn's orbit on July 1, 2004. The mission is a joined NASA/ESA project. Cassini's principal objectives are to: -- determine the three-dimensional structure and dynamical behavior of the rings -- determine the composition of the satellite surfaces and the geological history of each object -- determine the nature and...

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Word of the Day
caparison
  • A cloth or covering, more or less ornamented, laid over the saddle or furniture of a horse, especially of a sumpter-horse or horse of state.
  • Clothing, especially sumptuous clothing; equipment; outfit.
  • To cover with a caparison, as a horse.
  • To dress sumptuously; adorn with rich dress.
This word ultimately comes from the Medieval Latin 'cappa,' cloak.
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