Europe Reference Libraries

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Wichterle Otto
2009-04-28 16:31:10

Professor Otto Wichterle is Czech inventor and chemist best known for pioneering a centrifugal casting method for the creation of contact lenses. Wichterle was born on October 27, 1913 in Prostejov which is in the Czech Republic. After graduating from high school, he chose to continue his education at the Chemical and Technological Faculty of the Czech Technical University and pursue a career...

Boxwood Buxacae
2009-04-28 16:14:01

Buxus sempervirens or Boxwood is indigenous to western and southern Europe, northwest Africa and southwest Asia. This small slender evergreen tree grows from 3 - 30 feet in height with a narrow trunk reaching less than 8 inches in diameter. Yellowish green oval shaped leaves grow from just over half an inch to just under one and a quarter inches in length and less than half an inch wide....

Wild Mustard Brassica oleracea
2009-04-28 15:35:18

Brassica oleracea is indigenous to the coastal areas of southern and western Europe and is often referred to as Wild Mustard. It is tolerant of salt and lime in the soil of its native lands. The plant grows tall and blooms biennially. Large sturdy leaves act as water storage. Once the plant is two years old a tall stem measuring 3 - 7 feet in height grows bearing a cluster of yellow...

Common Daisy Bellis perennis
2009-04-23 11:30:34

Bellis perennis is a well-known European species of Daisy, often deemed the archetypal species of that name. Many similar plants share the "Daisy" name, so to distinguish this species from other daisies it is often referred to as Common Daisy, Lawn Daisy, or occasionally English Daisy. Although the species has been widely naturalized in North and South America, it is native to western,...

Keyaki Zelkova serrata
2009-04-17 15:01:27

Keyaki or Japanese Zelkova (Zelkova serrata) is a species of plant native to Japan, Korea, eastern China, and Taiwan. It is also grown in Europe and North America. The first cultivation outside of its native Asia was by Philipp Franz von Siebold, who introduced it to the Netherlands in 1830. There are two different varieties. This plant is a medium to large deciduous tree that grows from 65...

Rock Thyme Acinos alpinus
2009-02-28 22:46:54

Rock Thyme (Acinos alpinus) is a species of perennial plant that is native to the mountains of southern Europe. In Italy it can be found in most areas with an altitude between 3000 and 8500 feet above sea level. It is found in open fields, rock crevices, and areas with lack of fertile-rich soil. There are two subspecies recognized. A. alpinus meriodionalis has with smaller flowers, and A....

White Forsythia Abeliophyllum distichum
2009-02-28 22:39:10

White Forsythia or Nakai (Abeliophyllum distichum) is a species of flowering plant of the family, Oleaceae. It is the only species in its genus. It is endemic to Korea, where it is endangered in the wild. It is known as Abelialeaf in Korea. It is related to the Forsythia, but differs in having white, not yellow, flowers. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in Europe and North America. It...

Common Redshank
2009-02-28 22:10:27

The Common Redshank (Tringa totanus) is a species of wading bird of the family Scolopacidae. It is closely related to the Marsh Sandpiper and more closely related to the Wood Sandpiper. It is a widespread breeding bird across much of Europe and northern Asia. It is migratory and winters on the coasts around the Mediterranean, in south Asia, and on the Atlantic coast of Europe from Great Britain...

Red Pharalope
2009-02-27 16:08:13

The Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius), known as the Grey Phalarope in Europe, is a species of wading bird that is found in the Arctic regions of North America and Eurasia. It is migratory and winters mainly at sea on tropical oceans. The Red Phalarope is approximately 8 inches long. The female is typically larger than the male. It has lobed toes and a straight bill. The breeding female...

Northern Lapwing
2009-02-21 22:41:16

The Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) also known as the Peewit, Green Plover, or just Lapwing, is a species of bird in the plover family. It is found in temperate Europe, and across temperate Asia. It is an occasional vagrant to North America. Usually North American vagrants occur after storms. A storm in December 1927 and another in January 1966 account for a sizeable movement of birds to...

Word of the Day
  • The governor of a province or people.
The word 'ethnarch' comes from a Greek word meaning 'ruler of a tribe or nation'.