Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 1:20 EDT

Latest European Southern Observatory Stories

Galaxies Discovered Buried In Dust
2013-06-01 05:33:58

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Approximately 80 percent of all unidentifiable millimeter wave signals emitted in the universe actually originate from galaxies, according to new research published in Saturday´s edition of the Astrophysical Journal Letters. Based on observations collected using Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array (ALMA) telescopes, professor Kouji Ohta and postdoctoral researcher Bunyo Hatsukade of Kyoto University in Japan and...

Predicting The End Of Stars Relies On How Much Sodium They Have
2013-05-29 12:58:12

[WATCH VIDEOS: A Close Look At NGC 6752 | Zooming In On NGC 6752] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online An international team of astronomers published a paper today in the journal Nature detailing the role sodium plays in determining how stars evolve and how they end their lives. Astronomers believe that stars like the Sun will blow off much of their atmospheres into space near the ends of their lives, which is known as asymptotic giant branch (AGB). However, new...

Gravitational Lensing Used To Seek Out Most Distant, Active Star Forming Galaxies
2013-05-29 04:53:02

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists working with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have discovered the most distant and active star forming galaxies in our universe. The astronomers wrote in the journal Nature and Astrophysical Journal that they discovered these distant and enigmatic galaxies after surveying large areas of the sky with the 10-meter South Pole Telescope. They used ALMA to help them obtain higher resolution images. The...

Planetary Resources To Announce Unprecedented Project On May 29th
2013-05-29 12:40:36

UPDATED : 12:30 CDT Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The company best known for its ambitious goal to mine asteroids announced an “unprecedented project” on Wednesday. Planetary Resources said it would be launching the world's first crowdfunded space telescope to provide "unprecedented public access to space." It added that this telescope will allow students and scientists access to the most advanced exploration technology. The company will be using...

Very Large Telescope Celebrates 15 Years
2013-05-23 05:39:29

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The European Southern Observatory (ESO) is celebrating 15 years of success for its Very Large Telescope (VLT). ESO released an image taken by astronomers using VLT of a pink gas cloud known as IC 2944. The image resembles drops of ink floating in a strawberry cocktail, showing one of the interstellar clouds of dust and gas softly glowing pink. VLT's image is the sharpest view of the cosmic object ever...

ESO Planning First Astronomy Camp For Secondary School Students
2013-05-15 09:52:01

ESO The European Southern Observatory (ESO) and its Science Outreach Network is collaborating with the science communication event organizer Sterrenlab to arrange the first ESO Astronomy Camp. The camp will take place from 26-31 December 2013 at the Astronomical Observatory of the Aosta Valley, located in Saint-Barthelemy, Nus, Italy. Several partners, including ESO, are providing for a total of, so far, five bursaries that will be awarded to the winning applicants. The camp will...

Orion Reveals A Hidden Fiery Ribbon
2013-05-15 05:10:13

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The European Southern Observatory (ESO) has released a new image of the constellation of Orion showing part of the Orion Molecular Cloud. The image shows off clouds of gas and interstellar dust at wavelengths too long for the human eye to see. These tiny dust grains block the view of what lies within and behind the clouds, making it difficult to observe star formation taking place in this region. In...

PAPER Instrument In The Karoo Producing Ground-breaking Science And Spectacular Cosmic Images
2013-05-10 09:57:52

SKA Scientific studies done with the "PAPER" array, one of the world-class scientific instruments in South Africa's Karoo Radio Astronomy Reserve, is producing ground-breaking science and spectacular cosmic images, resulting in several important articles in top astronomy journals. The primary goal of PAPER (Precision Array to Probe the Epoch of Reionization) is to detect emission from the neutral gas that pervaded the universe before the first galaxies and black holes were formed. This...

Hunting For Alien World's From The Ground
2013-05-10 04:30:35

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online In the search for life beyond Earth scientists face significant challenges. Given the great distances and faint signatures of the alien worlds that we have found, discovering which ones are even potentially habitable is difficult. While the first step is attempting to determine which worlds could maintain liquid water on their surfaces, an equally important factor is characterizing the atmosphere maintained above the...

SKA Organization Headquarters Opening Ceremony Paves The Way For World’s Largest Radio Telescope
2013-05-07 13:52:09

Square Kilometre Array Less than a year after the decision to site the revolutionary Square Kilometre Array (SKA) in both Southern Africa and Australia, the SKA Organisation has opened its new international headquarters. In front of an invited audience of local and global dignitaries, scientists and engineers, the UK Minister for Universities and Science the Rt. Hon. David Willetts MP recently opened the building which will be home to the team managing the construction, design and...

Latest European Southern Observatory Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:43

Very Large Telescope -- The Very Large Telescope (VLT) consist of four optical telescopes that have 8.4 meter aperture. The VLT is a project of the European Southern Observatory organization. It is located at the Paranal Observatory on Cerro Paranal, a 2,635-m high mountain in the Atacama desert in northern Chile. The VLT consists of a cluster four of large telescopes, and an interferometer (VLTI) which will be used to resolve fine features. The telescopes have been named after the...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Overwhelmingly Large Telescope -- The European Southern Observatory has undertaken a concept study for the next generation of ground-based Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). Dubbed OWL, ESO's concept is conceived as a 100 m. diameter optical and near-infrared, adaptive telescope. With milliarc second resolution and limiting magnitude V~38, OWL will be capable of imaging solar system objects at resolutions comparable to that offered by space probes, over much longer time scales. It...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

La Silla Observatory -- La Silla is a 2400-m mountain, bordering the southern extremity of the Atacama desert in Chile. It is located about 160 Km north of La Serena. Its geographical coordinates are: Latitude 29 15' south & Longitude 70 44' west. Originally known as Cinchado, the mountain was renamed La Silla (the saddle) after its shape. It rises quite isolated and remote from any artificial light and dust sources (astronomy's worst enemies). La Silla was the first ESO...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

European Southern Observatory -- ESO, the European Southern Observatory, was created in 1962 to: "establish and operate an astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere, equipped with powerful instruments, with the aim of furthering and organising collaboration in astronomy". ESO is supported by Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Other countries have expressed interest to become a member as well. ESO...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Mount Wilson Observatory -- astronomical observatory located in California on Mt. Wilson, near Pasadena. Mt. Wilson Observatory was founded in 1904 by George E. Hale. Its equipment includes 100-in. (2.5-m) and 60-in. (1.50-m) reflecting telescopes and two solar-tower telescopes 150 ft. (46 m) and 60 ft. (18 m) in length. The most recent addition is the CHARA (Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy) array operated by Georgia State Univ.; it consists of six 39-in. (1-m) aperture...

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