Latest European Southern Observatory Stories

Planetary nebula IC 1295
2013-04-10 05:29:10

[ Watch the Video: Zooming In On The Planetary Nebula IC 1295 ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new image released by the European Space Observatory (ESO) shows the glowing green planetary nebula IC 1295. The new pictures taken by the Very Large Telescope (VLT) shows the nebula surrounding a dim and dying star located about 3300 light-years away in the constellation of Scutum (The Shield). "It has the unusual feature of being surrounded by multiple shells...

Scientists Discover The Earliest Known Starburst Galaxies In The Universe
2013-04-05 15:32:28

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of researchers announced it has found some of the Universe´s earliest starburst galaxies, essentially young energetic clusters of cosmic gas and dust that form stars at an alarming rate. The discoveries, which were detailed in reports published in Nature and the Astrophysical Journal, were made using the newly inaugurated Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope. In its first billions...

First High-Resolution Radio Images Of Supernova 1987A Released
2013-04-02 06:25:15

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An observation of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) in February of 1987 left astronomers thinking they had discovered the beginnings of a new star. However, what they had witnessed was the end of one of the brightest supernovae seen from Earth since the invention of the telescope some 400 years earlier. And in the two-plus decades since the discovery of the remnant Supernova 1987A, researchers have continued their gaze on one of the...

Detection Of Two Titanium Oxides Discovered Around The Giant Star VY Canis Majoris
2013-03-27 09:17:50

Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy An international team of astronomers, including researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy and from the University of Cologne, discovered two titanium oxides, TiO and TiO2, at radio wavelengths using telescope arrays in the USA and in France. The detection was made in the environment of VY Canis Majoris, a giant star close to the end of its life. The discovery was made in the course of a study of a spectacular star, VY Canis...

Astronomers Focus In On Recently Formed Stars In The Southern Constellation Of Vela
2013-03-27 06:18:20

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have unveiled a new image of recently formed bright blue stars in the cluster NGC 2547. Astronomers using the Wide Field Imager on the MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope at the European Space Observatory's (ESO) La Silla Observatory in Chile took images of the stars while they were focusing in on the southern constellation of Vela (The Sail). Despite the universe being roughly 13.8 billion years old, new stars and objects are...

Europe's Herschel Space Observatory Has Detected Some Very Young Stars
2013-03-20 10:59:56

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Some of the youngest stars ever seen have recently been found, thanks to the European Space Agency's (ESA) Herschel Space Observatory. Herschel's observations were used in conjunction with contributing observations from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX) telescope in Chile -- a collaboration involving the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy (MPIFR) in Germany, the Onsala Space Observatory...

The Crown Prince Couple Of Denmark Visits ESO's Paranal Observatory
2013-03-15 13:09:14

ESO The Crown Prince Couple of Denmark visited ESO´s Paranal Observatory during their official visit to Chile. The Observatory is located 130 kilometers south of Antofagasta, in the heart of Chile´s Atacama Desert, the driest desert in the world. At a height of 2635 meters above sea level, Paranal is the site of the Very Large Telescope (VLT), the world´s most advanced optical instrument dedicated to astronomical research. On arrival, The Crown Prince Frederik and The...

Revolutionary Telescope Will Enable Unprecedented Views Of The Cosmos
2013-03-13 14:29:02

ESO [ Watch The Video Scenes from the ALMA Inauguration day ] Today, in a remote part of the Chilean Andes, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), was inaugurated at an official ceremony. This event marks the completion of all the major systems of the giant telescope and the formal transition from a construction project to a fully fledged observatory. ALMA is a partnership between Europe, North America and East Asia in cooperation with the Republic of Chile....

Starburst Galaxies Observations Reveal They Occured Earlier In Universe Than Previously Believed
2013-03-13 14:29:45

WATCH VIDEO: [Gravitational Lensing of Distant Star-Forming Galaxies] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers reported in Nature and the Astrophysical Journal that starburst galaxies from early in the universe's history took place earlier than previously though. Scientists making observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope say they have found that the most vigorous bursts of star birth in the universe actually took...

Latest European Southern Observatory Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:43

Very Large Telescope -- The Very Large Telescope (VLT) consist of four optical telescopes that have 8.4 meter aperture. The VLT is a project of the European Southern Observatory organization. It is located at the Paranal Observatory on Cerro Paranal, a 2,635-m high mountain in the Atacama desert in northern Chile. The VLT consists of a cluster four of large telescopes, and an interferometer (VLTI) which will be used to resolve fine features. The telescopes have been named after the...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Overwhelmingly Large Telescope -- The European Southern Observatory has undertaken a concept study for the next generation of ground-based Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). Dubbed OWL, ESO's concept is conceived as a 100 m. diameter optical and near-infrared, adaptive telescope. With milliarc second resolution and limiting magnitude V~38, OWL will be capable of imaging solar system objects at resolutions comparable to that offered by space probes, over much longer time scales. It...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

La Silla Observatory -- La Silla is a 2400-m mountain, bordering the southern extremity of the Atacama desert in Chile. It is located about 160 Km north of La Serena. Its geographical coordinates are: Latitude 29 15' south & Longitude 70 44' west. Originally known as Cinchado, the mountain was renamed La Silla (the saddle) after its shape. It rises quite isolated and remote from any artificial light and dust sources (astronomy's worst enemies). La Silla was the first ESO...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

European Southern Observatory -- ESO, the European Southern Observatory, was created in 1962 to: "establish and operate an astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere, equipped with powerful instruments, with the aim of furthering and organising collaboration in astronomy". ESO is supported by Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Other countries have expressed interest to become a member as well. ESO...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Mount Wilson Observatory -- astronomical observatory located in California on Mt. Wilson, near Pasadena. Mt. Wilson Observatory was founded in 1904 by George E. Hale. Its equipment includes 100-in. (2.5-m) and 60-in. (1.50-m) reflecting telescopes and two solar-tower telescopes 150 ft. (46 m) and 60 ft. (18 m) in length. The most recent addition is the CHARA (Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy) array operated by Georgia State Univ.; it consists of six 39-in. (1-m) aperture...

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