Latest European Southern Observatory Stories

Final US Antenna Dishes For ALMA Delivered
2012-11-21 05:07:52

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online It has taken more than a decade of design and construction, but North America has finally delivered the last of 25 antenna dishes, marking an important milestone in the construction of an observatory astronomers are using to open up a "final frontier" of the spectrum of visible light to exploration. The dishes are 12-meters in diameter, and comprise the North American share of antennas for the international ALMA telescope. Stretching...

Free-Floating Planet Identified By Astronomers
2012-11-14 06:50:44

[ Watch the Video: Artists Impression of Free-Floating Planet ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have identified a body that is most likely a planet wandering throughout space without a parent star. The free-floating planet candidate is the closet such object to the Solar System observed so far, lying at a distance of about 100 light-years away. Astronomers using the European Space Observatory's Very Large Telescope (VLT) and the Canada-France-Hawaii...

Chandra X-Ray Observatory Images Star-Making Cluster Cygnus OB2
2012-11-08 09:57:12

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA has released a new image of the Cygnus OB2 star cluster, detailing its structure and evolution. The Milky Way, as well as other galaxies in the universe, are home to numerous young star clusters with hundreds of thousands of hot, massive, young stars known as O and B stars. Cygnus OB2 is one of these clusters that contains no less than 60 O-type stars and upwards of a thousand B-type stars. Using the Chandra X-Ray...

Globular Star Cluster NGC 6362
2012-10-31 06:19:57

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] European Southern Observatory Photo Release This colorful view of the globular star cluster NGC 6362 was captured by the Wide Field Imager attached to the MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope at ESO´s La Silla Observatory in Chile. This new picture, along with a new image of the central region from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, provide the best view of this little-known cluster ever obtained. Globular clusters are mainly composed of tens of thousands of very...

Astronomers Catalogue 84 Million Stars
2012-10-24 05:48:29

[ Watch the Video: Gigapixel View Of Milky Way ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The European Southern Observatory (ESO) announced this morning that a team of astronomers have catalogued over 84 million stars in the central parts of the Milky Way. This dataset contains more than ten times more stars than previous studies, and is a major step forward for understanding our galaxy. “By observing in detail the myriads of stars surrounding the center of the...

Las Cumbres Observatory Gains First Light For Entire 1-meter Node At CTIO
2012-10-23 21:04:56

After nearly eight years of design, fabrication and development, Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope (LCOGT) installed three 1-meter telescopes at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) and achieved first light on all three in a span of less than 30 hours last week. Lead Engineer Annie Hjelstrom has been on site with a team of four from Las Cumbres since September 27, installing, integrating, and collimating the three 1-meter telescopes. The team achieved first light on two of...

Jupiter In Turmoil From Above And Below
2012-10-18 07:46:08

[ Watch the Video: What is Jupiter? ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In ancient Rome, Jupiter was the King of the gods and the god of sky and thunder with his mighty thunderbolt. He would certainly be pleased with the changes occurring on his namesake planet. Jupiter the planet is continually being peppered with small space rocks, the atmosphere is changing colors in wide belts, hotspots are vanishing and reappearing, and clouds are gathering and dissipating over...

Closest-Ever Exoplanet Discovered In The Alpha Centauri Star System
2012-10-17 14:08:24

Video 1 | Video 2 Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered a planet similar in mass to the Earth orbiting a star in the Alpha Centauri system – the nearest to Earth. Surpisingly, according to the astronomers, this planet which is just 4 light years away is also the lightest ever discovered around a star like our Sun. While the planet itself may be more similar in size and mass than Venus is to Earth, that´s where the good news...

Hubble Helps Map Dark Matter In 3D
2012-10-17 04:20:05

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A giant filament of dark matter extends 60 million light-years from one of the most massive galaxy clusters known. Leftover from the very first moments after the Big Bang, the filament is part of the cosmic web that constitutes the structure of the Universe. Scientists using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have studied this filament in 3D for the first time and conclude that if the filament is representative of the rest of the...

Old Star May Have A Companion
2012-10-10 15:10:33

[ Watch the Video: Slicing Through View of the Material Around R Sculptoris ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered an unexpected spiral structure in the material around an old star called R Sculptoris The team used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to discover the surprising spiral structure in the gas around the red giant star, which could mean there is a previously unseen companion star orbiting the star....

Latest European Southern Observatory Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:43

Very Large Telescope -- The Very Large Telescope (VLT) consist of four optical telescopes that have 8.4 meter aperture. The VLT is a project of the European Southern Observatory organization. It is located at the Paranal Observatory on Cerro Paranal, a 2,635-m high mountain in the Atacama desert in northern Chile. The VLT consists of a cluster four of large telescopes, and an interferometer (VLTI) which will be used to resolve fine features. The telescopes have been named after the...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Overwhelmingly Large Telescope -- The European Southern Observatory has undertaken a concept study for the next generation of ground-based Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). Dubbed OWL, ESO's concept is conceived as a 100 m. diameter optical and near-infrared, adaptive telescope. With milliarc second resolution and limiting magnitude V~38, OWL will be capable of imaging solar system objects at resolutions comparable to that offered by space probes, over much longer time scales. It...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

La Silla Observatory -- La Silla is a 2400-m mountain, bordering the southern extremity of the Atacama desert in Chile. It is located about 160 Km north of La Serena. Its geographical coordinates are: Latitude 29 15' south & Longitude 70 44' west. Originally known as Cinchado, the mountain was renamed La Silla (the saddle) after its shape. It rises quite isolated and remote from any artificial light and dust sources (astronomy's worst enemies). La Silla was the first ESO...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

European Southern Observatory -- ESO, the European Southern Observatory, was created in 1962 to: "establish and operate an astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere, equipped with powerful instruments, with the aim of furthering and organising collaboration in astronomy". ESO is supported by Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Other countries have expressed interest to become a member as well. ESO...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Mount Wilson Observatory -- astronomical observatory located in California on Mt. Wilson, near Pasadena. Mt. Wilson Observatory was founded in 1904 by George E. Hale. Its equipment includes 100-in. (2.5-m) and 60-in. (1.50-m) reflecting telescopes and two solar-tower telescopes 150 ft. (46 m) and 60 ft. (18 m) in length. The most recent addition is the CHARA (Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy) array operated by Georgia State Univ.; it consists of six 39-in. (1-m) aperture...

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Word of the Day
  • One of a religious order living in a convent or in community; a monk: opposed to anchoret or hermit (one who lives in solitude).
  • A social bee.
This word comes from the Latin 'coenobium,' convent, which comes from the Greek 'koinobios,' living in community.