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Latest European Southern Observatory Stories

Jupiter In Turmoil From Above And Below
2012-10-18 07:46:08

[ Watch the Video: What is Jupiter? ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In ancient Rome, Jupiter was the King of the gods and the god of sky and thunder with his mighty thunderbolt. He would certainly be pleased with the changes occurring on his namesake planet. Jupiter the planet is continually being peppered with small space rocks, the atmosphere is changing colors in wide belts, hotspots are vanishing and reappearing, and clouds are gathering and dissipating over...

Closest-Ever Exoplanet Discovered In The Alpha Centauri Star System
2012-10-17 14:08:24

Video 1 | Video 2 Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered a planet similar in mass to the Earth orbiting a star in the Alpha Centauri system – the nearest to Earth. Surpisingly, according to the astronomers, this planet which is just 4 light years away is also the lightest ever discovered around a star like our Sun. While the planet itself may be more similar in size and mass than Venus is to Earth, that´s where the good news...

Hubble Helps Map Dark Matter In 3D
2012-10-17 04:20:05

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A giant filament of dark matter extends 60 million light-years from one of the most massive galaxy clusters known. Leftover from the very first moments after the Big Bang, the filament is part of the cosmic web that constitutes the structure of the Universe. Scientists using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have studied this filament in 3D for the first time and conclude that if the filament is representative of the rest of the...

Old Star May Have A Companion
2012-10-10 15:10:33

[ Watch the Video: Slicing Through View of the Material Around R Sculptoris ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered an unexpected spiral structure in the material around an old star called R Sculptoris The team used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to discover the surprising spiral structure in the gas around the red giant star, which could mean there is a previously unseen companion star orbiting the star....

Near Infrared Technology Lets Astronomers Study Numerous Galaxies At The Same Time
2012-10-10 10:23:23

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Some 24 robotic arms attached to a new high tech instrument have been transported from Edinburgh, Scotland to a Chilean mountaintop in the hope that some of the key questions surrounding the beginnings of the Universe will be answered in greater detail than ever before. The European Southern Observatory (ESO) has provisionally accepted KMOS after testing was completed at the UK Astronomy Technology Centre (UK ATC) in Edinburgh....

Early Universe Was Full Of Supermassive Black Holes
2012-10-08 12:41:21

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have discovered a new population of supermassive black holes in the early universe by using infrared surveys. After traveling 11 billion years, the light from supermassive black hole ULASJ1234+0907 reached Earth. This black hole has more than 10 billion times the mass of the Sun, and 10,000 times the mass of the supermassive black hole in our own Milky Way. The latest research, published in the journal Monthly Notices of...

ESO Celebrates 50 Years Of Observations
2012-10-05 13:20:20

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The European Southern Observatory (ESO) is celebrating 50 years since it was founded on October 5, 1962. The signing of the ESO Convention and the founding of ESO was the culmination of the dream of leading astronomers from five European countries, including Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden. These astronomers decided to join forces with the goal of building a large telescope that would give them great access to...

6-Hour Webcast For ESO’s 50th Anniversary With Live Very Large Telescope Observations
2012-09-29 10:00:24

On 5 October 2012, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) will broadcast A Day in the Life of ESO, a free, live event on the web, as part of its 50th Anniversary celebrations. There will be live observations from ESO´s flagship observatory, the Very Large Telescope (VLT), on Cerro Paranal in Chile´s Atacama Desert, as well as fascinating talks from astronomers at ESO´s Headquarters in Germany. Members of the public are invited to ask questions in advance of the event, or...

Astrochemistry Entering New Era As Technologies, Techniques Move Ahead
2012-09-20 12:59:12

[WATCH VIDEO] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A new field of chemistry is arising through the development of technologies, and it ensures that scientists do not just set their sights on things of this Earth. Astrochemistry is entering a new era with the development of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope and new laboratory techniques. Scientists were able to improve and speed up the process of identifying the "fingerprints" of...

Invitation To ESO’s 50th Anniversary Gala Event, 11 October 2012
2012-09-18 08:22:57

WHAT Media representatives are invited to participate as working journalists at the gala event celebrating 50 years since the signing of the ESO convention in 1962, which established the European Southern Observatory (ESO). WHO ESO's Director General, Professor Tim de Zeeuw, and the Council President, Professor Xavier Barcons, will welcome Ministers and representatives from the Member States and the host country Chile, as well as the ESO Council, representatives of ESO committees, past...


Latest European Southern Observatory Reference Libraries

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

Very Large Telescope -- The Very Large Telescope (VLT) consist of four optical telescopes that have 8.4 meter aperture. The VLT is a project of the European Southern Observatory organization. It is located at the Paranal Observatory on Cerro Paranal, a 2,635-m high mountain in the Atacama desert in northern Chile. The VLT consists of a cluster four of large telescopes, and an interferometer (VLTI) which will be used to resolve fine features. The telescopes have been named after the...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

Overwhelmingly Large Telescope -- The European Southern Observatory has undertaken a concept study for the next generation of ground-based Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). Dubbed OWL, ESO's concept is conceived as a 100 m. diameter optical and near-infrared, adaptive telescope. With milliarc second resolution and limiting magnitude V~38, OWL will be capable of imaging solar system objects at resolutions comparable to that offered by space probes, over much longer time scales. It...

2_a939de6ff82a1bda0a57cee7dd9bce652
2004-10-19 04:45:40

La Silla Observatory -- La Silla is a 2400-m mountain, bordering the southern extremity of the Atacama desert in Chile. It is located about 160 Km north of La Serena. Its geographical coordinates are: Latitude 29 15' south & Longitude 70 44' west. Originally known as Cinchado, the mountain was renamed La Silla (the saddle) after its shape. It rises quite isolated and remote from any artificial light and dust sources (astronomy's worst enemies). La Silla was the first ESO...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

European Southern Observatory -- ESO, the European Southern Observatory, was created in 1962 to: "establish and operate an astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere, equipped with powerful instruments, with the aim of furthering and organising collaboration in astronomy". ESO is supported by Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Other countries have expressed interest to become a member as well. ESO...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

Mount Wilson Observatory -- astronomical observatory located in California on Mt. Wilson, near Pasadena. Mt. Wilson Observatory was founded in 1904 by George E. Hale. Its equipment includes 100-in. (2.5-m) and 60-in. (1.50-m) reflecting telescopes and two solar-tower telescopes 150 ft. (46 m) and 60 ft. (18 m) in length. The most recent addition is the CHARA (Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy) array operated by Georgia State Univ.; it consists of six 39-in. (1-m) aperture...

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Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'