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Latest European Southern Observatory Stories

Cosmic microwave background
2014-08-06 03:00:27

Hillary Sanctuary/Mediacom, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne The Planck Telescope allowed physicists to draw the most detailed map of the first light emitted after the Big Bang. Some of its features do not entirely fit the standard cosmological theory, but scientists have discovered that these anomalies could be explained by how the data was processed. Last year, the Planck Telescope revealed the most detailed picture of the cosmic microwave background, the relic radiation...

Messier 33
2014-08-06 11:14:16

ESO Messier 33, otherwise known as NGC 598, is located about three million light-years away in the small northern constellation of Triangulum (The Triangle). Often known as the Triangulum Galaxy it was observed by the French comet hunter Charles Messier in August 1764, who listed it as number 33 in his famous list of prominent nebulae and star clusters. However, he was not the first to record the spiral galaxy; it was probably first documented by the Sicilian astronomer Giovanni Battista...

star cluster NGC 3293
2014-07-23 10:22:45

Richard Hook, European Southern Observatory (ESO) In this striking new image from ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile young stars huddle together against a backdrop of clouds of glowing gas and lanes of dust. The star cluster, known as NGC 3293, would have been just a cloud of gas and dust itself about ten million years ago, but as stars began to form it became the bright group of stars we see here. Clusters like this are celestial laboratories that allow astronomers to learn more about...

Solving The Long-standing Mystery Surrounding The Evolution Of Galaxies
2014-07-08 03:29:57

[ Watch The Video: A Simulated Dwarf Galaxy 800 Million Years After The Big Bang ] The University of Sheffield New research by academics at the University of Sheffield has solved a long-standing mystery surrounding the evolution of galaxies, deepening our understanding of the future of the Milky Way. The supermassive black holes in the cores of some galaxies drive massive outflows of molecular hydrogen gas. As a result, most of the cold gas is expelled from the galaxies. Since...

star formation region Gum 15
2014-07-02 10:48:50

European Southern Observatory The little-known cloud of cosmic gas and dust called Gum 15 is the birthplace and home of hot young stars. Beautiful and deadly, these stars mold the appearance of their mother nebula and, as they progress into adulthood, will eventually also be the death of her. This image was taken as part of the ESO Cosmic Gems program [1] using the Wide Field Imager on the MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope at the La Silla Observatory in Chile. It shows Gum 15, located in the...

2014-06-25 12:22:32

General Dynamics-built radio telescope antennas give scientists a microscopic view of the universe that is thousands of light years away. NEWTON, N.C., June 25, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- General Dynamics SATCOM Technologies, a part of General Dynamics C4 Systems, will build and install a 100-ton, 12-meter (40-foot), submillimeter-wavelength radio telescope antenna for the new Large Latin American Millimeter Array (LLAMA) observatory. The LLAMA project is a joint venture between...

Hubble Instrument Scientist Bruce Woodgate Passed Away
2014-06-24 03:43:48

NASA Just as NASA's Hubble Space Telescope began celebrating entering its 25th year in April, one of the people responsible for its success and a creator of many other related technologies passed away. Bruce Woodgate, an astronomer at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, had a career that spanned nearly 40 years. Woodgate was the principal investigator for the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) a camera that was installed on the Hubble Space Telescope in...

Gamma ray burst buried in dust
2014-06-12 04:59:01

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online For the first time ever, scientists using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have discovered molecular gas in galaxies that had once been rocked by gamma ray bursts, according to new research published Wednesday in the journal Nature. The new observations reveal that the molecular gas, which serves as the fuel for the star formation process, was concentrated towards the center of the galaxies, the study...

Mobile App Kiwaka Brings The Universe Closer With ESO Images And Videos
2014-06-09 03:57:49

ESO A new iPhone and iPad app named Kiwaka has been released today. Developed by the mobile app company LANDKA, in partnership with ESO and other leading scientific organizations, it is an “edutaining” app — combining education and entertainment — fusing gaming and learning about astronomy. Kiwaka is aimed at a broad audience and displays ESO imagery to delve deeper into interesting astronomical objects. Users will be provided with links to ESO content where they can explore the...

ALMA maser installation team
2014-06-05 03:45:44

National Radio Astronomy Observatory Scientists recently upgraded the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) by installing an ultraprecise atomic clock at ALMA’s Array Operations Site, home to the observatory’s supercomputing correlator. This upgrade will eventually allow ALMA to synchronize with a worldwide network of radio astronomy facilities collectively known as the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT). Once assembled, the EHT -- with ALMA as the largest and most...


Latest European Southern Observatory Reference Libraries

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

Very Large Telescope -- The Very Large Telescope (VLT) consist of four optical telescopes that have 8.4 meter aperture. The VLT is a project of the European Southern Observatory organization. It is located at the Paranal Observatory on Cerro Paranal, a 2,635-m high mountain in the Atacama desert in northern Chile. The VLT consists of a cluster four of large telescopes, and an interferometer (VLTI) which will be used to resolve fine features. The telescopes have been named after the...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

Overwhelmingly Large Telescope -- The European Southern Observatory has undertaken a concept study for the next generation of ground-based Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). Dubbed OWL, ESO's concept is conceived as a 100 m. diameter optical and near-infrared, adaptive telescope. With milliarc second resolution and limiting magnitude V~38, OWL will be capable of imaging solar system objects at resolutions comparable to that offered by space probes, over much longer time scales. It...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

La Silla Observatory -- La Silla is a 2400-m mountain, bordering the southern extremity of the Atacama desert in Chile. It is located about 160 Km north of La Serena. Its geographical coordinates are: Latitude 29 15' south & Longitude 70 44' west. Originally known as Cinchado, the mountain was renamed La Silla (the saddle) after its shape. It rises quite isolated and remote from any artificial light and dust sources (astronomy's worst enemies). La Silla was the first ESO...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

European Southern Observatory -- ESO, the European Southern Observatory, was created in 1962 to: "establish and operate an astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere, equipped with powerful instruments, with the aim of furthering and organising collaboration in astronomy". ESO is supported by Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Other countries have expressed interest to become a member as well. ESO...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

Mount Wilson Observatory -- astronomical observatory located in California on Mt. Wilson, near Pasadena. Mt. Wilson Observatory was founded in 1904 by George E. Hale. Its equipment includes 100-in. (2.5-m) and 60-in. (1.50-m) reflecting telescopes and two solar-tower telescopes 150 ft. (46 m) and 60 ft. (18 m) in length. The most recent addition is the CHARA (Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy) array operated by Georgia State Univ.; it consists of six 39-in. (1-m) aperture...

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Word of the Day
barghest
  • A goblin in English folklore, often appearing in the shape of a large dog and believed to portend imminent death or misfortune.
  • A ghost, wraith, hobgoblin, elf, or spirit.
The origin of 'barghest' is not known, but it may be from perhaps burh-ghest, town-ghost, or German Berg-geist (mountain spirit) or Bär-geist (bear-spirit).
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