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Latest European Southern Observatory Stories

Brown Dwarf Weather Map
2014-01-29 13:17:01

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists using the Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the European Southern Observatory created the world’s first map of the weather on the surface of a brown dwarf. The international team developed a map featuring the dark and light features of WISE J104915.57-531906.1B, which is the nearest brown dwarf to Earth. This brown dwarf, informally known as Luhman 16B, is one of two recently discovered brown dwarfs only six light years away...

ESO Lagoon Nebula Images
2014-01-22 11:11:31

[ Watch The Video: Zooming In On The Lagoon Nebula ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The European Space Observatory (ESO) is currently in the midst of conducting eleven public surveys of the sky using telescopes at its facility in Chile, and scientists have just released images from the project of the Lagoon Nebula. Located approximately 5,000 light years from Earth in the constellation of Sagittarius, the Lagoon Nebula is a giant cloud 100 light-years across that...

quasar UM287
2014-01-20 04:49:41

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A distant quasar discovered by astronomers working at Hawaii’s WM Keck Observatory has for the first time revealed part of the filament networks believed to connect galaxies in a cosmic web, according to research published Sunday in the journal Nature. Using the observatory’s 10-meter Keck I Telescope, a team of researchers including first author Sebastiano Cantalupo, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California,...

ESO Researchers Discover Three New Planets In Messier 67
2014-01-15 08:46:20

[ Watch the Video: Messier 67 A Perfect Lab For Studying Planet Formation ] Gerard LeBlond for redorbit.com - Your Universe Online There have been more than one thousand planets confirmed outside our Solar System, but only a few are within star clusters. Using the European Southern Observatory’s (ESO) HARPS instrument, researchers have found three new planets in the star cluster Messier 67. Of these three newly discovered planets, two have been found orbiting stars similar to our sun....

2014-01-06 12:20:58

WASHINGTON, Jan. 6, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- An international team of astronomers, using NASA's Fermi observatory, has made the first-ever gamma-ray measurements of a gravitational lens, a kind of natural telescope formed when a rare cosmic alignment allows the gravity of a massive object to bend and amplify light from a more distant source. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) This accomplishment opens new avenues for research, including a novel way...

Flickr Group 'Your ESO Pictures' Reaches 1000 Photos
2014-01-02 07:11:26

ESO In February 2011 we opened a Flickr Group, called “Your ESO Pictures” to encourage people to share their photos that revealed interesting aspects of ESO. Visitors to our sites often say that it is a life changing experience and we were curious to know what impresses them most. The initiative proved to be very popular, recently passing the 1000 photos milestone, for which we would like to thank all our Flickr friends! Many of the photos shared with us became Pictures of the Week...

New Insights Into Cosmic Phenomena Provided By Swift Satellite
2013-12-17 05:07:02

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online By analyzing data collected by NASA’s Swift robotic spacecraft, astronomers from the University of Leicester have reportedly discovered the location of nearly 100,000 previously unknown cosmic X-ray sources. The research team studied eight years’ worth of observations collected during the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission to compile a catalog of major celestial X-ray sources – a list that includes more than 150,000 high-energy...

massive Star forming cluster discovered
2013-12-16 15:57:27

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Smithsonian's Submillimeter Array (SMA) have discovered a giant star-forming region. Known as W49A, the region is located 36,000 light-years away from Earth on the opposite side of the Milky Way. Astronomers say the star-forming region shines 100 times brighter than the Orion nebula. In order to view W49A, astronomers had to aim SMA through dusty fog, after which the telescope helped reveal an active site of star...

Contract Signed To Start Construction For European Extremely Large Telescope
2013-12-11 06:27:00

ESO At a ceremony at ESO’s Vitacura offices in Santiago on 9 December 2013 the ESO Director General, Tim de Zeeuw, and senior representatives of the Chilean company ICAFAL Ingeniería y Construcción S.A., signed a contract for the construction of a road to the summit of Cerro Armazones, the leveling of the top of the mountain and additional civil works. The ceremony was also attended by representatives of the ESO project team. Cerro Armazones will be the site of the 39-meter European...

DARPA Is At Work Developing The Latest High-Tech Spy Satellite
2013-12-10 13:19:11

[ Watch the video: DARPA MOIRE Concept Video ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online DARPA says it has plans to develop an ultimate spy satellite capable of viewing 40 percent of the Earth’s surface at once. The Membrane Optical Imager for Real-Time Exploitation (MOIRE) space telescope will be launched as a tightly packed cluster of petals 20 feet in diameter, helping it stretch out to 68 feet across. It will record the Earth’s surface with high resolution imagery,...


Latest European Southern Observatory Reference Libraries

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

Very Large Telescope -- The Very Large Telescope (VLT) consist of four optical telescopes that have 8.4 meter aperture. The VLT is a project of the European Southern Observatory organization. It is located at the Paranal Observatory on Cerro Paranal, a 2,635-m high mountain in the Atacama desert in northern Chile. The VLT consists of a cluster four of large telescopes, and an interferometer (VLTI) which will be used to resolve fine features. The telescopes have been named after the...

2_3e157e33e77e0b476c8d3e5f48b696f32
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Overwhelmingly Large Telescope -- The European Southern Observatory has undertaken a concept study for the next generation of ground-based Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). Dubbed OWL, ESO's concept is conceived as a 100 m. diameter optical and near-infrared, adaptive telescope. With milliarc second resolution and limiting magnitude V~38, OWL will be capable of imaging solar system objects at resolutions comparable to that offered by space probes, over much longer time scales. It...

2_a939de6ff82a1bda0a57cee7dd9bce652
2004-10-19 04:45:40

La Silla Observatory -- La Silla is a 2400-m mountain, bordering the southern extremity of the Atacama desert in Chile. It is located about 160 Km north of La Serena. Its geographical coordinates are: Latitude 29 15' south & Longitude 70 44' west. Originally known as Cinchado, the mountain was renamed La Silla (the saddle) after its shape. It rises quite isolated and remote from any artificial light and dust sources (astronomy's worst enemies). La Silla was the first ESO...

2_ba71a7acc79052838276f5ebe43de3842
2004-10-19 04:45:40

European Southern Observatory -- ESO, the European Southern Observatory, was created in 1962 to: "establish and operate an astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere, equipped with powerful instruments, with the aim of furthering and organising collaboration in astronomy". ESO is supported by Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Other countries have expressed interest to become a member as well. ESO...

2_840e82185aaa17736d132921d07a181b2
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Mount Wilson Observatory -- astronomical observatory located in California on Mt. Wilson, near Pasadena. Mt. Wilson Observatory was founded in 1904 by George E. Hale. Its equipment includes 100-in. (2.5-m) and 60-in. (1.50-m) reflecting telescopes and two solar-tower telescopes 150 ft. (46 m) and 60 ft. (18 m) in length. The most recent addition is the CHARA (Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy) array operated by Georgia State Univ.; it consists of six 39-in. (1-m) aperture...

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Word of the Day
siliqua
  • A Roman unit of weight, 1⁄1728 of a pound.
  • A weight of four grains used in weighing gold and precious stones; a carat.
  • In anatomy, a formation suggesting a husk or pod.
  • The lowest unit in the Roman coinage, the twenty-fourth part of a solidus.
  • A coin of base silver of the Gothic and Lombard kings of Italy.
'Siliqua' comes from a Latin word meaning 'a pod.'
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