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Latest European Southern Observatory Stories

Sharpest Ever Image Of Prawn Nebula Unveiled
2013-09-18 10:42:57

[ Watch the Video: Zooming In On The Prawn Nebula ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Paranal Observatory in Chile have taken the sharpest image ever of the Prawn Nebula. The stellar nursery, formally known as IC 4628, sits 6,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Scorpius. The new image shows clumps of hot new-born stars nestled among the clouds making up the...

Amateur Astronomers See Fireballs Collide With Jupiter
2013-09-15 04:40:06

[ Watch the Video: Fireballs Collide With Jupiter’s Atmosphere ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Amateur astronomers observing Jupiter with video cameras for the past three years have observed a trio of collisions between small stellar objects occurring around the planet, according to research presented last week at the European Planetary Science Congress (EPSC 2013) in London. The collisions are similar but smaller in scale than the meteor explosion that...

Astronomers Find Peanut Sitting In Middle Of Milky Way
2013-09-12 10:32:13

[ Watch the Video: Artist's Impression Of The Milky Way ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers, publishing two papers in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, say they've found a peanut sitting in the heart of the Milky Way galaxy. Two teams used data from European Southern Observatory (ESO) telescopes to create a three-dimensional map of the central parts of the Milky Way. While crafting the map they found that the inner regions of the galaxy take on a...

Mapping Location Of Galactic Clouds
2013-09-11 14:31:55

[ Watch the Video: Mapping Our Milky Way Galaxy ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the 22-meter Mopra Telescope in Coonabarabran, Australia have begun mapping the location where stars are born. In January, wildfires destroyed the telescope's adjoining workshop, office and accommodations, but Mopra's control room was spared because it was encased in brick. The team from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) wrote in the journal Publications of...

Black Hole Blows Powerful Streams
2013-09-06 08:51:29

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A worldwide network of radio telescopes has allowed astronomers to find strong evidence that a powerful jet of material, propelled to nearly light speed by the central black hole of a galaxy, is blowing massive amounts of gas out of the host galaxy. The scientists say the process is limiting the growth of the black hole and the rate of star formation in the galaxy. That makes the process a key to understanding how galaxies develop....

Twin Star Insights Into Sun's Future
2013-08-28 13:47:51

[ Watch the Video: The Life Cycle of a Sun-Like Star ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have identified what they are calling the Sun's oldest twin, HIP 102152, sitting 250 light-years away from us. A team of astronomers using the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Very Large Telescope (VLT) found that HIP 102152 is older but otherwise nearly identical to our Sun, giving astronomers a chance to see how our local star will look as it ages. Our Sun is...

ALMA Workers Strike
2013-08-23 12:34:07

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Despite its remoteness and unique scientific work environment, the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) observatory is not immune to the disputes between workers and management that affect every other industry. On Thursday, almost 200 workers went on strike over compensation that they say is inadequate considering the unusual demands of working in a remote, high-altitude location. The telescopic array is located in...

Sharpest Photos Ever of the Night Sky
2013-08-22 04:43:24

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Astronomers from the University of Arizona, the Arcetri Observatory in Italy and the Carnegie Observatory have used a new type of telescope camera to capture the highest-resolution images of the night sky ever – answering some longstanding questions about planetary formation in the process. The technology, which has been in development at Arizona observatories for over two decades, was recently deployed in the high desert of...

Not All Rogue Planets Are Born Within Solar Systems
2013-08-20 11:30:55

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of astronomers say free-floating planets can be born freely, outside of an existing solar system. Previously, scientists believed free-floating planets, or "rogue planets," must have been ejected from existing planetary systems. However, telescopes at Chalmers University of Technology have helped astronomers discover not all of these rogue planets were created this way, but that some were born free. Scientists believe there...


Latest European Southern Observatory Reference Libraries

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

Very Large Telescope -- The Very Large Telescope (VLT) consist of four optical telescopes that have 8.4 meter aperture. The VLT is a project of the European Southern Observatory organization. It is located at the Paranal Observatory on Cerro Paranal, a 2,635-m high mountain in the Atacama desert in northern Chile. The VLT consists of a cluster four of large telescopes, and an interferometer (VLTI) which will be used to resolve fine features. The telescopes have been named after the...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

Overwhelmingly Large Telescope -- The European Southern Observatory has undertaken a concept study for the next generation of ground-based Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). Dubbed OWL, ESO's concept is conceived as a 100 m. diameter optical and near-infrared, adaptive telescope. With milliarc second resolution and limiting magnitude V~38, OWL will be capable of imaging solar system objects at resolutions comparable to that offered by space probes, over much longer time scales. It...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

La Silla Observatory -- La Silla is a 2400-m mountain, bordering the southern extremity of the Atacama desert in Chile. It is located about 160 Km north of La Serena. Its geographical coordinates are: Latitude 29 15' south & Longitude 70 44' west. Originally known as Cinchado, the mountain was renamed La Silla (the saddle) after its shape. It rises quite isolated and remote from any artificial light and dust sources (astronomy's worst enemies). La Silla was the first ESO...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

European Southern Observatory -- ESO, the European Southern Observatory, was created in 1962 to: "establish and operate an astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere, equipped with powerful instruments, with the aim of furthering and organising collaboration in astronomy". ESO is supported by Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Other countries have expressed interest to become a member as well. ESO...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

Mount Wilson Observatory -- astronomical observatory located in California on Mt. Wilson, near Pasadena. Mt. Wilson Observatory was founded in 1904 by George E. Hale. Its equipment includes 100-in. (2.5-m) and 60-in. (1.50-m) reflecting telescopes and two solar-tower telescopes 150 ft. (46 m) and 60 ft. (18 m) in length. The most recent addition is the CHARA (Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy) array operated by Georgia State Univ.; it consists of six 39-in. (1-m) aperture...

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Word of the Day
monteith
  • A large punch-bowl of the eighteenth century, usually of silver and with a movable rim, and decorated with flutings and a scalloped edge. It was also used for cooling and carrying wine-glasses.
  • A kind of cotton handkerchief having white spots on a colored ground, the spots being produced by a chemical which discharges the color.
This word is possibly named after Monteith (Monteigh), 'an eccentric 17th-century Scotsman who wore a cloak scalloped at the hem.'
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