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Latest European Southern Observatory Stories

Galactic Raw Material Plays Crucial Role In Star Formation
2013-06-25 08:28:48

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New observation using an Australian telescope has offered up evidence of the raw material that played a part in forming some of the first stars in galaxies when the Universe was just three billion years old. The observations were made using CSIRO’s Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) near Narrabri, New South Wales. “[This is] one of very few telescopes in the world that can do such difficult work, because it is both...

Black Hole Observed Pushing Matter Away, Rather Than Consuming It
2013-06-20 06:27:46

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Observations of a nearby active galaxy using the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) at ESO´s Paranal Observatory in Chile have shown astronomers something they hadn´t expected to see. Astronomers have found over the past twenty years that nearly all galaxies have a black hole at their center, some of which grow by drawing in matter from their surroundings. This growth process creates some of the most energetic objects...

Light Sunny Super Earth Discovered
2013-06-12 13:29:54

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers writing in the Astrophysical Journal say they have discovered one very light and sunny super-Earth. Dubbed GJ3470b, the team says the planet is about 14 times the mass of our own planet but is the second lightest of the existing exoplanets that have already been surveyed. Their data revealed that this planet is most likely not covered by thick clouds but is a place where sunscreen would be a necessity. GJ3470b orbits its...

Kickstarter Telescope Campaign Expanded By Planetary Resources
2013-06-12 07:53:41

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Planetary Resources, a company best known for its plans to mine asteroids, is launching an expanded crowdfunding campaign through Kickstarter. The company recently announced its plans to have the public's help to fund its ARKYD space telescope. Planetary Resources has since added plans to enhance the telescope technology to enable it to search for alien planets around distant stars. These upgrades would add exoplanet transit detection...

Astronomers Identify New Type Of Variable Star
2013-06-12 05:07:07

[ Watch the Videos: The Star Cluster NGC 3766 | Zooming in on the Star Cluster NGC 3766 ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers writing in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics say they have discovered a new type of variable star. The Swiss astronomers discovered the new class of variable stars by measuring minute variations in stellar brightness. The new results are based on regular measurements of the brightness of more than three thousand stars in the...

2013-06-11 16:30:06

Asteroid mining company announces new crowdfunding goal to enhance the ARKYD telescope with capability to search for alien planets around distant stars BELLEVUE, Wash., June 11, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Alien planets are out there and Planetary Resources needs your help to find them! That's right, the same high-powered telescope technology being used by Planetary Resources to identify near-Earth asteroids can also be used to hunt for what scientists call extrasolar planets or...

Black Holes Abundant Early Universe
2013-06-06 14:16:28

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online As telescopes peer into the distant background of the Universe they are, in effect, looking back in time. The light emitted from these objects has been traveling across the Universe for perhaps billions of years. So by analyzing the background light of the sky researchers can get a picture of the composition of the Universe early in its evolution. New data from NASA´s Chandra X-ray Observatory and NASA´s...

European Astronomy Journalism Prize 2013 Expanded
2013-06-04 11:11:21

Science and Technology Facilities Council The European Astronomy Journalism Prize 2013 launched today has been expanded to now include entries from Europe and South America. The competition is run by the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO), in conjunction with the Association of British Science Writers and the Royal Astronomical Society. “Astronomy is a global research discipline, and excites and inspires millions of...

Least Massive Exoplanet Outside The Solar System Observed By ESO Telescope
2013-06-03 05:43:49

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers using the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Very Large Telescope (VLT) have imaged possibly the faintest exoplanet so far. The team reported in Astrophysical Journal Letters that they imaged a faint object moving near a bright star. The exoplanet has an estimated mass of four to five times that of Jupiter, which could potentially make it the least massive planet to be directly observed outside the Solar System....

Galaxies Discovered Buried In Dust
2013-06-01 05:33:58

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Approximately 80 percent of all unidentifiable millimeter wave signals emitted in the universe actually originate from galaxies, according to new research published in Saturday´s edition of the Astrophysical Journal Letters. Based on observations collected using Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array (ALMA) telescopes, professor Kouji Ohta and postdoctoral researcher Bunyo Hatsukade of Kyoto University in Japan and...


Latest European Southern Observatory Reference Libraries

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

Very Large Telescope -- The Very Large Telescope (VLT) consist of four optical telescopes that have 8.4 meter aperture. The VLT is a project of the European Southern Observatory organization. It is located at the Paranal Observatory on Cerro Paranal, a 2,635-m high mountain in the Atacama desert in northern Chile. The VLT consists of a cluster four of large telescopes, and an interferometer (VLTI) which will be used to resolve fine features. The telescopes have been named after the...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

Overwhelmingly Large Telescope -- The European Southern Observatory has undertaken a concept study for the next generation of ground-based Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). Dubbed OWL, ESO's concept is conceived as a 100 m. diameter optical and near-infrared, adaptive telescope. With milliarc second resolution and limiting magnitude V~38, OWL will be capable of imaging solar system objects at resolutions comparable to that offered by space probes, over much longer time scales. It...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

La Silla Observatory -- La Silla is a 2400-m mountain, bordering the southern extremity of the Atacama desert in Chile. It is located about 160 Km north of La Serena. Its geographical coordinates are: Latitude 29 15' south & Longitude 70 44' west. Originally known as Cinchado, the mountain was renamed La Silla (the saddle) after its shape. It rises quite isolated and remote from any artificial light and dust sources (astronomy's worst enemies). La Silla was the first ESO...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

European Southern Observatory -- ESO, the European Southern Observatory, was created in 1962 to: "establish and operate an astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere, equipped with powerful instruments, with the aim of furthering and organising collaboration in astronomy". ESO is supported by Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Other countries have expressed interest to become a member as well. ESO...

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

Mount Wilson Observatory -- astronomical observatory located in California on Mt. Wilson, near Pasadena. Mt. Wilson Observatory was founded in 1904 by George E. Hale. Its equipment includes 100-in. (2.5-m) and 60-in. (1.50-m) reflecting telescopes and two solar-tower telescopes 150 ft. (46 m) and 60 ft. (18 m) in length. The most recent addition is the CHARA (Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy) array operated by Georgia State Univ.; it consists of six 39-in. (1-m) aperture...

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