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Latest European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Stories

X-rays Reveal Another Feature Of High-temperature Superconductivity
2013-11-25 08:20:57

European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Discovery of a giant resonance puts these materials further apart Classical and high-temperature superconductors differ hugely in the value of the critical temperatures at which they lose all electrical resistance. Scientists have now used powerful X-rays to establish another big difference: high-temperature superconductivity cannot be accounted for by the mechanism that leads to conventional superconductivity. As this mechanism called...

X-rays Reveal Unexpected Property Of Widely Used Nanoparticles
2013-11-12 15:02:07

European Synchrotron Radiation Facility A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists. Using the X-ray beams of the European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the electrons absorbed and released by cerium dioxide nanoparticles during chemical reactions behave in a completely different way than previously thought: the electrons are not bound to individual atoms but, like a cloud, distribute themselves...

How Mice And Rats Developed A Unique Masticatory Apparatus Making Them Evolutionary Champions
2013-10-28 13:02:40

European Synchrotron Radiation Facility The subfamily of rodents known as Murinae (mice, rats, etc.), which first appeared in Asia 12 million years ago, spread across the entire Old World (Eurasia, Africa, Australia) in less than 2 million years, a remarkably fast rate. Researchers have long suspected that one of the reasons for their evolutionary success is related to their unique masticatory apparatus. Now, researchers have used the brilliant X-ray beams produced at the European...

Tiny Frog Hears With Mouth
2013-09-03 08:37:46

[ Watch the Video: Gardiner's Frogs Use Their Mouths To Hear ] Michael Harper for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists had long assumed the Gardiner’s frog was deaf due to its lack of a middle ear. After further investigation and some X-ray images, however, they have now discovered that the frog species from the Seychelles Islands is capable of hearing through tiny bones in their mouths. Unlike other auditory systems common in a broad majority of living organisms, the...

Using Synchrotron X-rays To Put Flesh On The Bones Of Ancient Fish
2013-06-13 15:53:46

European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Swedish, Australian and French researchers present for the first time miraculously preserved musculature of 380 million year old armored fish discovered in north-west Australia. This research will help scientists to better understand how neck and abdominal muscles evolved during the transition from jawless to jawed vertebrates. The scientific paper describing the discovery is published today in the journal Science. The team of scientists who...

2013-02-06 13:00:54

Metals contained in nanoparticles can enter into the food chain Scientists have, for the first time, traced the nanoparticles taken up from the soil by crop plants and analyzed the chemical states of their metallic elements. Zinc was shown to dissolve and accumulate throughout the plants, whereas the element cerium did not dissolve into plant tissue. The results contribute to the controversial debate on plant toxicity of nanoparticles and whether engineered nanoparticles can enter into the...

X-rays Help Understand How Mechanical Action May Lead To Greener Chemistry
2012-12-03 10:33:46

European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Solvents are omnipresent in the chemical industry, and are a major environmental and safety concern. Therefore the large interest in mechanochemistry: an energy-efficient alternative that avoids using bulk solvents and uses high-frequency milling to drive reactions. Milling is achieved by the intense impact of steel balls in a rapidly moving jar, which hinders the direct observation of underlying chemistry. Scientists have now for the first time...

2012-06-19 00:03:38

International collaboration puts molecular face on enzyme family that allows plants to adjust quickly to herbivore attack or changes in growing conditions Science has known about plant hormones since Charles Darwin experimented with plant shoots and showed that the shoots bend toward the light as long as their tips, which are secreting a growth hormone, aren´t cut off. But it is only recently that scientists have begun to put a molecular face on the biochemical systems that...

Image 1 - Dutch Scientists Analyze Lack Of Lunar Volcanoes
2012-02-20 05:22:27

A team of Dutch scientists believe that they have discovered why there are no active volcanoes on the Moon, even though recent seismic activity suggests that there is a good amount of magma below the surface. According to Olivia Solon of Wired.co.uk, Mirjam van Kan Parker and Wim van Westrenen from VU University Amsterdam and their colleagues produced microscopic copies of moon rock collected during the Apollo missions, then melted them at extremely high pressures and temperatures in order...

Structure Of Tough Sea Urchin Spines May Inspire Engineers
2012-02-16 14:10:27

A team of German scientists recently decoded the molecular structure of the unusually sturdy spines of sea urchins, a discovery that they believe could eventually prove useful in helping engineers construct stronger, more stable buildings. Biologists have long known that the spines of the globular little marine animals are made of the compound calcium carbonate, a chemical commonly found in the shells of various invertebrates, not to mention egg shells, calcium supplements and the antacids...


Word of the Day
barghest
  • A goblin in English folklore, often appearing in the shape of a large dog and believed to portend imminent death or misfortune.
  • A ghost, wraith, hobgoblin, elf, or spirit.
The origin of 'barghest' is not known, but it may be from perhaps burh-ghest, town-ghost, or German Berg-geist (mountain spirit) or Bär-geist (bear-spirit).
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