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Latest Evolution Stories

Fossil Record Helps Determine Extermination Risk In Marine Animals
2012-10-24 10:27:12

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Conservationists have warned for years that rare species have the highest risk of becoming endangered or extinct, but the word “rare” could have several different meanings with respect to the distribution of particular species. An international team of researchers from Stanford University in California and Humboldt University in Berlin decided to parse the definition of “rare” with respect to conservation and...

2012-10-23 10:18:13

Like job-seekers searching for a new position, living things sometimes have to pick up a new skill if they are going to succeed. Researchers from the University of California, Davis, and Uppsala University, Sweden, have shown for the first time how living organisms do this. The observation, published Oct. 19 in the journal Science, closes an important gap in the theory of natural selection. Scientists have long wondered how living things evolve new functions from a limited set of genes....

Evolutionary Tree Of Life Goes Digital
2012-10-17 13:25:34

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Evolutionary biologists have long envisioned creating a diagram, or tree of life, that would detail how different species have evolved from a common ancestry, but the task has been a daunting one for taxonomists who would need multiple reams of paper or computer screens to clearly show the evolutionary descent of each species. A research associate at the Imperial College London, however, has risen to the challenge and created OneZoom,...

2012-10-17 11:44:49

Ecologists in the University of Georgia Odum School of Ecology have found that evolutionary diversity can be an effective method for identifying hotspots of mammal biodiversity. In a paper published Oct. 17 in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, they report that evolutionary diversity can be an effective proxy for both the sheer number of species as well as their characteristics and ecological roles. Their findings could help conservation organizations better protect threatened...

Genetics Plays Vital Role In Building Better Bees
2012-10-16 12:14:18

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study suggests that the reason worker bees are such a highly skilled and specialized workforce is that the genes controlling their behavior are re-shuffled frequently, helping evolution build a better bee. The new research from York University, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), sheds light on how sterile worker bees evolved charismatic and cooperative behaviors. These behaviors include...

New Concept Dramatically Alters Theory Of Animal Evolution
2012-10-13 08:10:50

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New work by Dr. Stuart A. Newman, professor of cell biology and anatomy at New York Medical College, develops a concept that dramatically alters one of the basic assumptions of the theory of evolution. The assumption is that survival is based on a change's functional advantage if it is to persist. Newman, whose life's work has supported the theory of evolution, offers an alternative model where he proposes that the origination of...

2012-10-11 12:57:01

Experimental studies of ancestral visual pigments and their mutational variants cast doubt on simplifying assumptions widely used in evolutionary studies of proteins A key assumption that biologists have relied on widely over the past quarter-century in studying the evolution of protein molecules is "highly questionable," according to an article published in the November issue of BioScience. The article, by Shozo Yokoyama, a vision researcher at Emory University, summarizes experimental...

Predator Prey Relationship In Insects And Plants Drives Evolution
2012-10-05 09:30:39

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Economists know that the consumer's taste drives variety and innovation in almost every field of industry. It is the same in the natural world. An international team of researchers has determined that just as consumers' diverse food preferences give rise to varied menu offerings, the preferences of plant-eating insects' play a role in maintaining and shaping the genetic variation of their host plants in a geographic area. The new...

In The Development Of Birds, Researchers Find Diversity By The Peck
2012-09-24 14:46:54

New investigation of tissues and signaling pathways in finches' beaks reveals surprising flexibility in the birds' evolutionary toolkit It has long been known that diversity of form and function in birds' specialized beaks is abundant. Charles Darwin famously studied the finches on the Galapagos Islands, tying the morphology (shape) of various species' beaks to the types of seeds they ate. In 2010, a team of Harvard biologists and applied mathematicians showed that Darwin's finches all...

Red Queen Or Red King
2012-09-24 10:52:18

In relationships based on mutuality, the number of individuals involved can determine the rate at which species evolve The relationship between species determines how rapidly they evolve. Parasites and their hosts coevolve more rapidly, and partners in a mutualistic relationship can evolve more slowly. But this view is obviously too simplistic. The rate of evolution in a mutualistic relationship does not depend only on the type of interactions, but also on the number of individuals...


Latest Evolution Reference Libraries

Paleontology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Paleontology or Palaeontology is the scientific study of prehistoric life, including the study of fossils to determine the organisms evolution and interactions with each other and their environments. Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as 5th century BC. The science became established in the 18th century as a result of Georges Cuvier’s work on comparative anatomy, and it developed quickly within the 19th century. The term itself comes from Greek palaios, meaning...

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Word of the Day
cacodemon
  • An evil spirit; a devil.
  • A nightmare.
  • In astrology, the twelfth house of a scheme or figure of the heavens: so called from its signifying dreadful things, such as secret enemies, great losses, imprisonment, etc.
'Cacodemon' comes from a Greek term meaning 'evil genius.'
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