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Latest Evolutionary biology Stories

2012-10-11 12:57:01

Experimental studies of ancestral visual pigments and their mutational variants cast doubt on simplifying assumptions widely used in evolutionary studies of proteins A key assumption that biologists have relied on widely over the past quarter-century in studying the evolution of protein molecules is "highly questionable," according to an article published in the November issue of BioScience. The article, by Shozo Yokoyama, a vision researcher at Emory University, summarizes experimental...

Evolution Of Complex Brains
2012-10-11 04:52:39

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Anatomically complex brains evolved earlier than previously thought and have changed little over the course of time, according to a new study by University of Arizona neurobiologist Nicholas Strausfeld. The specimen described in the study, which will be published in the October 11 issue of Nature, is the earliest known fossil to show a brain. The three inch long fossil was discovered embedded in mudstones deposited during the...

Predator Prey Relationship In Insects And Plants Drives Evolution
2012-10-05 09:30:39

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Economists know that the consumer's taste drives variety and innovation in almost every field of industry. It is the same in the natural world. An international team of researchers has determined that just as consumers' diverse food preferences give rise to varied menu offerings, the preferences of plant-eating insects' play a role in maintaining and shaping the genetic variation of their host plants in a geographic area. The new...

Mosquito Fish Genitalia Redefine Hooking Up
2012-09-28 15:22:04

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online While the battle of the sexes can get quite ugly among humans, in the animal kingdom it can get downright nasty. North Carolina State University researchers have described a new species of fish in which the male´s genitalia are equipped with four hooks while the female sports a colorful anal spot that it likely uses to attract a mate. The new species, the llanos mosquito fish, or Gambusia quadruncu, lives throughout eastern...

2012-09-28 02:24:36

NEW YORK, Sept. 28, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- There are two common dilemmas in the treatment of cancer today: the first is that many therapies, including chemotherapies and radiation can debilitate healthy cells, to the point of killing the person before defeating the cancer. The second problem is that many cancer cells, responding to a prevention drug, can quickly mutate to become immune and more resilient. Recent advances in circulating tumor cell technology (CTC) however, headed by...

First Time Evidence: Leftover Male Fetal DNA Found In Female Brains
2012-09-27 09:59:56

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A small amount of male DNA can be found in the brains of women, something researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC) believe may be the result of leftover DNA in the mother´s body by a male fetus, which occurs relatively frequently. In a first-of-its-kind study, William Chan, PhD, Department of Biochemistry at University of Alberta, and J. Lee Nelson, senior author at FHCRC, looked at microchimerism--the...

2012-09-27 00:00:21

An Evolutionary Biologist at The University of Manchester, working with scientists in the United States, has found compelling evidence that parts of the brain can evolve independently from each other. It's hoped the findings will significantly advance our understanding of the brain. The unique 15 year study with researchers at the University of Tennessee and Harvard Medical School also identified several genetic loci that control the size of different brain parts. The aim of the...

Red Queen Or Red King
2012-09-24 10:52:18

In relationships based on mutuality, the number of individuals involved can determine the rate at which species evolve The relationship between species determines how rapidly they evolve. Parasites and their hosts coevolve more rapidly, and partners in a mutualistic relationship can evolve more slowly. But this view is obviously too simplistic. The rate of evolution in a mutualistic relationship does not depend only on the type of interactions, but also on the number of individuals...

Some Rice Species Rendered Sterile Due To Genes
2012-09-13 13:32:44

System of 3 genes prevents hybrid rice from reproducing, new study shows Researchers have identified a set of three genes that are responsible for hybrid sterility in rice, or the inability of many hybrid rice species to pass their genes on to the next generation. These findings inform a model that suggests how such hybrid sterility is maintained across rice species, and they may lead to the genetic improvement of rice as a food stock. The research is published in the 14 September issue...

2012-09-12 11:37:38

Sex can trigger remarkable female responses including altered fertility, immunity, libido, eating and sleep patterns - by the activation of diverse sets of genes, according to research from the University of East Anglia. Publishing today in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, the researchers studied how female Drosophila melanogaster - or fruit flies — respond to mating. They discovered that a single protein found in semen generates a wide range of responses in many...


Latest Evolutionary biology Reference Libraries

Paleontology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Paleontology or Palaeontology is the scientific study of prehistoric life, including the study of fossils to determine the organisms evolution and interactions with each other and their environments. Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as 5th century BC. The science became established in the 18th century as a result of Georges Cuvier’s work on comparative anatomy, and it developed quickly within the 19th century. The term itself comes from Greek palaios, meaning...

New Phytologist
2012-04-30 15:00:51

The New Phytologist is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the New Phytologist Trust. It covers all aspects of plant science, with topics ranging from intracellular processes to global environmental change. Articles are published in the following categories: Original research articles, Research reviews, Commentaries, Letters, Meeting reports, Tansley reviews. The following topics and subtopics are covered: Physiology and development:...

Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research
2012-04-29 22:59:00

Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Wiley-Blackwell. It was originally established in 1963, then reestablished in 1994 by John Wiley & Sons. It was published as ‘Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung’ from March 1963 to June 1994. It was published by the Academic Publishers’ Association (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft ) Frankfurt, Germany. The editor-in-chief is Dr....

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