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Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 8:29 EDT

Latest Executive functions Stories

Do Brain Training Games Work
2014-01-02 14:28:29

[ Watch the Video: Brain Training - Does It Really Work? ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Apps for 'brain training' claim to use games or tasks as a way of enhancing cognitive abilities. However, a new study the Journal of Neuroscience suggests that these games may only improve a person’s capacity to perform the specific training task and lack evidence that this skill translates to other cognitive abilities. Study researchers looked specifically at a brain...

2013-11-21 14:21:09

When reading text or listening to someone speak, we construct rich mental models that allow us to draw conclusions about other people, objects, actions, events, mental states and contexts. This ability to understand written or spoken language, called “discourse comprehension,” is a hallmark of the human mind and central to everyday social life. In a new study, researchers uncovered the brain mechanisms that underlie discourse comprehension. The study appears in Brain: A Journal of...

Chronic Dieters Exhibit Brain Imbalance
2013-11-12 09:48:28

Rebekah Eliason for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Many people fall prey to the vicious cycle of chronic dieting. Oftentimes willpower waxes and wanes leading to limited dieting success. A new study from Dartmouth using neuroimaging suggests that a brain imbalance may be responsible for overeating in chronic dieters. This imbalance occurs when the region that controls impulse behavior and self-control becomes disrupted, which decreases the ability to resist temptation. This study...

2013-11-05 23:31:34

Pediatric Neuropsychologist Dr. Stacey Spencer with Morris Psychological Group explains the importance of executive skills in the classroom offers tips for parents and their struggling children. Parsippany, NJ (PRWEB) November 05, 2013 As any parent can attest, getting kids ready for school means a lot more than packing a lunch: Schoolchildren need an array of intellectual, emotional, and social skills to get them through the day—and on to a healthy and productive life. At the top of...

2013-08-08 09:13:32

Trying to explain riding a bike is difficult because it is an implicit memory. The body knows what to do, but thinking about the process can often interfere. So why is it that under certain circumstances paying full attention and trying hard can actually impede performance? A new UC Santa Barbara study, published today in the Journal of Neuroscience, reveals part of the answer. There are two kinds of memory: implicit, a form of long-term memory not requiring conscious thought and expressed...

Theta Brainwaves Reflect Ability To Overcome Built-in bias
2013-05-08 08:55:51

Brown University Vertebrates are predisposed to act to gain rewards, and to lay low to avoid punishment. Try to teach chickens to back away from food in order to obtain it, and you'll fail, as researchers did in 1986. But (some) humans are better thinkers than chickens. In the May 8 edition of the Journal of Neuroscience, researchers show that the level of theta brainwave activity in the prefrontal cortex predicts whether people will be able to overcome these ingrained biases when doing so...

Creative Task Performance Improved By Turning Off Brain’s ‘Filter’
2013-03-15 22:14:58

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online As you are reading these words, your ability to comprehend their meaning is being aided, in no small part, by your brain´s prefrontal cortex. This region of the brain is helping you to maintain focus from sentence to sentence and is filtering out irrelevant thoughts, perceptions and memories. It is this thought filtration that allows you to complete a task without thoughts of when the water bill is due creeping in....

2013-02-20 15:01:24

-A study conducted at the University of Granada and the University of York in Toronto, Canada, has revealed that bilingual children have a better working memory, which holds, processes and updates transitory information. -The research study has been published in the last issue of the Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. A study conducted at the University of Granada and the University of York in Toronto, Canada, has revealed that bilingual children develop a better working memory...

2013-02-13 17:27:52

Scientists at UC Santa Barbara are researching cocaine addiction, part of a widespread problem, which, along with other addictions, costs billions of dollars in damage to individuals, families, and society. Laboratory studies at UCSB have revealed that the diminished brain function and learning impairment that result from cocaine addiction can be treated —— and that learning can be restored. Karen Szumlinski, a professor in the Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences...

Cognitive Benefits Of Bilingualism For The Elderly
2013-01-10 11:06:40

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A recent study by researchers at the University of Kentucky College of Medicine (UKCM) found that aging adults who grew up bilingual are able to maintain better “cognitive flexibility” and more efficient use of their brains than their monolingual peers. The study, recently featured in The Journal of Neuroscience, looked at seniors who have practiced speaking two languages since childhood. The...