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Latest Exotic matter Stories

2013-12-10 08:36:23

-- Originally predicted in the 1920s by Satyendranath Bose and Albert Einstein, applications could include energy-efficient lasers and optical switches, critical components for future computer systems processing Big Data ZURICH, Dec. 10, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- For the first time, scientists at IBM Research (NYSE: IBM) have demonstrated a complex quantum mechanical phenomenon known as Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC), using a luminescent polymer (plastic) similar to the materials in...

Lead Ingots From Shipwrecks Being Used To Hunt For Dark Matter
2013-12-02 08:18:12

Gerard LeBlond for redorbit.com - Your Universe Online A Roman vessel carrying ingots of lead, which was removed from the Sierra of Cartagena, sank more than two thousand years ago off the coast of Sardinia. Now, more than a hundred of these lead bricks have been used to build the ‘Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events’ (CUORE), an advanced detector of almost weightless subatomic particles (neutrinos) and is located at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory in Italy....

Neutron Star Mystery Heats Up
2013-12-02 04:34:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online New research appearing in the latest edition of the journal Nature is casting doubts on currently accepted theories has to how the surface of a neutron star heats itself up. Neutron stars are super-dense stars that form once a large star explodes, causing the core to collapse upon itself. Scientists had long believed that nuclear reactions within the crust contributed to the heating of the star’s surface, but Michigan State...

2013-11-29 13:04:19

They are the coldest objects in the Universe and are so fragile that even a single photon can heat and destroy them. Known as Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) and consisting of just a cluster of atoms, it has up until now been impossible to measure and control these remarkable forms of matter simultaneously. In a new study published today, 28 November, in the Institute of Physics and German Physical Society's New Journal of Physics, a group of researchers from the UK and Australia have...

LUX Dark Matter Detector Finds Nothing Yet
2013-10-30 13:49:42

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Just three months into its operation the Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment is already the most sensitive dark matter detector in the world, according to scientists from Brown University. “LUX is blazing the path to illuminating the nature of dark matter,” said Rick Gaitskell, professor of physics at Brown University and project spokesperson. The detector sits over a mile below the Sanford Underground Research Facility in...

Experiment Looks For Dark Matter Particle
2013-10-29 08:16:46

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As we peer into the darkness of space we find stars, planets, nebulae, and gas clouds. These objects are all made of normal matter – protons, neutrons, electrons, and other elementary particles. But it is the matter that we don’t see that has confounded astronomers for decades. An estimated 80 percent of the stuff that makes up the Universe does not interact electromagnetically. This aptly named dark matter is...

2013-10-11 23:26:09

Skajaquoda Group inc. (OTCQB: SKAJ) is launching a research program to develop a cost-effective means to maintain superconductivity for possible use in generators, power distribution, energy storage and many other applications. Clarkfield, MN (PRWEB) October 11, 2013 Skajaquoda Group inc. (OTCQB: SKAJ) is launching a research program to develop a cost-effective means to maintain superconductivity for possible use in generators, power distribution, energy storage and many other...

2013-08-30 23:02:22

A pair of physicists hired to help lead particle and nuclear physics research in the new doctorate program at South Dakota School of Mines & Technology hold the promise of bringing the long-awaited Ph.D. to the world stage. Rapid City, SD (PRWEB) August 30, 2013 A pair of world-class particle physicists have been added to the South Dakota School of Mines & Technology faculty as it continues to expand with a new Ph.D. program in physics. The new doctorate program will serve the...

Flavor Changing Neutrinos
2013-08-23 13:29:53

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Protons, neutrons, and electrons – it is these tiny particles that make up most of the normal matter (that is, non-dark matter) in the Universe. Yet it is another, nearly massless particle that may turn out to be the most revealing about the nature of the cosmos. The neutrino plays a crucial role in nuclear processes such as fusion. But because of its small mass and neutral charge, it is very difficult to measure and study...

I Love Q Formula Insights Into Universe
2013-07-26 11:51:21

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Without understanding the internal structure in detail, it is still possible for scientists to learn a tremendous amount about neutron stars and quark stars, according to a new study from researchers at Montana State University. "The stars could be the softest or the hardest in their kind, and it wouldn't matter," said Nico Yunes, assistant professor in MSU's Department of Physics. Yunes and his colleague, postdoctoral scholar Kent...


Latest Exotic matter Reference Libraries

7_58175f5465a1e9a63adec3509c888ff12
2004-10-19 04:45:44

WIMP -- In astronomy, WIMPs, or weakly interacting massive particles, figure into one explanation of the dark matter problem. The particles are called "weakly interacting" because they seem not to have much interaction with normal matter (electrons, protons, and neutrons) other than gravitational attraction (thus "massive"). Assuming that there are Weakly Interacting Massive Particles, these particles would then fall out of equilibrium with the universe when they are non-relativistic....

6_c21be0ecb1b565a9be109a383c38223f2
2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

6_79c799b9f03f60809a9d0aecf38491202
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

6_f22173fe0f79e2d306163d61f6859f022
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Strange Matter -- Strange matter (also known as quark matter) is an ultra-dense phase of matter that is theorized to form inside particularly massive neutron stars (which are then known as "strange stars" or "quark stars"). It's theorized that when neutronium is put under sufficient pressure due to the gravitation of a large neutron star, the individual neutrons break down and their constituent quarks form strange matter. Strange matter is composed of strange quarks bound to each...

6_da99fb8ccd6eba27f4bcf7590775bd272
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Massive Compact Halo Object (MACHO) -- Massive compact halo objects, or MACHOs, are a type of astronomical body proposed as one possible explanation for the presence of dark matter in galactic halos. A MACHO is a small chunk of normal baryonic matter, far smaller than a star, which drifts through interstellar space unassociated with any solar system. Since MACHOs would not emit any light of their own, they would be very hard to detect. Recent work has suggested that MACHOs are not...

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