Latest Exotic matter Stories
Dark matter, the hypothetical matter that is cannot be observed using telescopes but is believed to be responsible for huge gravitational effects in the universe, could be indirectly responsible for wiping out the dinosaurs, according to one New York University professor.
Even though dark matter is believed to make up 85 percent of the universe’s mass, no one has managed to detect the elusive material, but a new fundamental particle proposed by scientists at the University of Southampton could finally change that.
Traveling to planets in a galaxy far, far away – like in the movie Interstellar – may seem like science fiction, but what if the Milky Way was one massive conduit connecting to another far-off point hundreds of light years away?
An unusual photon emission in X-ray data originating from space could be evidence for the existence of a dark matter particle, researchers from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL) report in a new study.
The intermittent light emitted by pulsars, the most precise timekeepers in the universe, allows scientists to verify Einstein's theory of relativity, especially when these objects are paired up with another neutron star or white dwarf that interferes with their gravity.
NSF-funded grad students, scientists publish research, play role in Interstellar's black hole imagery.
Researchers from the University of Nevada, Reno and the University of Victoria have found a new use for the Global Positioning System — the direct detection and measuring of dark matter.
The giant black hole at the center of the Milky Way may be producing mysterious particles called neutrinos. If confirmed, this would be the first time that scientists have traced neutrinos back to a black hole.
For thirty long years, the scientific community has been searching for evidence that dark matter is comprised of exotic particles. A new study from Case Western Reserve University, however, suggests that researchers are looking in entirely the wrong direction.
A new study describes the detection of a curious signal in the X-ray sky which may prove the axion particle really exists. The findings also provide tantalizing insight into the nature of dark matter.
WIMP -- In astronomy, WIMPs, or weakly interacting massive particles, figure into one explanation of the dark matter problem. The particles are called "weakly interacting" because they seem not to have much interaction with normal matter (electrons, protons, and neutrons) other than gravitational attraction (thus "massive"). Assuming that there are Weakly Interacting Massive Particles, these particles would then fall out of equilibrium with the universe when they are non-relativistic....
White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...
Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first element...
Strange Matter -- Strange matter (also known as quark matter) is an ultra-dense phase of matter that is theorized to form inside particularly massive neutron stars (which are then known as "strange stars" or "quark stars"). It's theorized that when neutronium is put under sufficient pressure due to the gravitation of a large neutron star, the individual neutrons break down and their constituent quarks form strange matter. Strange matter is composed of strange quarks bound to each...
Massive Compact Halo Object (MACHO) -- Massive compact halo objects, or MACHOs, are a type of astronomical body proposed as one possible explanation for the presence of dark matter in galactic halos. A MACHO is a small chunk of normal baryonic matter, far smaller than a star, which drifts through interstellar space unassociated with any solar system. Since MACHOs would not emit any light of their own, they would be very hard to detect. Recent work has suggested that MACHOs are not...
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