Latest Exotic matter Stories

Gravity Clues From Stellar Triple System
2014-01-06 03:39:45

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The discovery of a superdense neutron star in a stellar triple system has made it possible for researchers to collect the best measurements to date of the complex gravitational interactions present in these types of systems, according to a new study in Nature. Using the National Science Foundation's Green Bank Telescope (GBT), the study authors were able to locate the pulsar along with two white dwarf stars in a compact area...

Rare Binary White Dwarf Systems
2013-12-20 08:30:50

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Nearly a half-century ago, astronomers discovered a strange star in the Canes Venatici constellation. It was later determined that the unusual properties of the object arose because it was not an isolated star at all, but rather a very tight binary system. With an orbital period of 18 minutes – for comparison the orbit of Mercury around the Sun takes about 88 Earth days – the individual members of the system are incredibly...

Lead Ingots From Shipwrecks Being Used To Hunt For Dark Matter
2013-12-02 08:18:12

Gerard LeBlond for redorbit.com - Your Universe Online A Roman vessel carrying ingots of lead, which was removed from the Sierra of Cartagena, sank more than two thousand years ago off the coast of Sardinia. Now, more than a hundred of these lead bricks have been used to build the ‘Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events’ (CUORE), an advanced detector of almost weightless subatomic particles (neutrinos) and is located at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory in Italy....

Neutron Star Mystery Heats Up
2013-12-02 04:34:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online New research appearing in the latest edition of the journal Nature is casting doubts on currently accepted theories has to how the surface of a neutron star heats itself up. Neutron stars are super-dense stars that form once a large star explodes, causing the core to collapse upon itself. Scientists had long believed that nuclear reactions within the crust contributed to the heating of the star’s surface, but Michigan State...

2013-11-29 13:04:19

They are the coldest objects in the Universe and are so fragile that even a single photon can heat and destroy them. Known as Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) and consisting of just a cluster of atoms, it has up until now been impossible to measure and control these remarkable forms of matter simultaneously. In a new study published today, 28 November, in the Institute of Physics and German Physical Society's New Journal of Physics, a group of researchers from the UK and Australia have...

LUX Dark Matter Detector Finds Nothing Yet
2013-10-30 13:49:42

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Just three months into its operation the Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment is already the most sensitive dark matter detector in the world, according to scientists from Brown University. “LUX is blazing the path to illuminating the nature of dark matter,” said Rick Gaitskell, professor of physics at Brown University and project spokesperson. The detector sits over a mile below the Sanford Underground Research Facility in...

Experiment Looks For Dark Matter Particle
2013-10-29 08:16:46

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As we peer into the darkness of space we find stars, planets, nebulae, and gas clouds. These objects are all made of normal matter – protons, neutrons, electrons, and other elementary particles. But it is the matter that we don’t see that has confounded astronomers for decades. An estimated 80 percent of the stuff that makes up the Universe does not interact electromagnetically. This aptly named dark matter is...

2013-10-11 23:26:09

Skajaquoda Group inc. (OTCQB: SKAJ) is launching a research program to develop a cost-effective means to maintain superconductivity for possible use in generators, power distribution, energy storage and many other applications. Clarkfield, MN (PRWEB) October 11, 2013 Skajaquoda Group inc. (OTCQB: SKAJ) is launching a research program to develop a cost-effective means to maintain superconductivity for possible use in generators, power distribution, energy storage and many other...

2013-08-30 23:02:22

A pair of physicists hired to help lead particle and nuclear physics research in the new doctorate program at South Dakota School of Mines & Technology hold the promise of bringing the long-awaited Ph.D. to the world stage. Rapid City, SD (PRWEB) August 30, 2013 A pair of world-class particle physicists have been added to the South Dakota School of Mines & Technology faculty as it continues to expand with a new Ph.D. program in physics. The new doctorate program will serve the...

Latest Exotic matter Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:44

WIMP -- In astronomy, WIMPs, or weakly interacting massive particles, figure into one explanation of the dark matter problem. The particles are called "weakly interacting" because they seem not to have much interaction with normal matter (electrons, protons, and neutrons) other than gravitational attraction (thus "massive"). Assuming that there are Weakly Interacting Massive Particles, these particles would then fall out of equilibrium with the universe when they are non-relativistic....

2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Strange Matter -- Strange matter (also known as quark matter) is an ultra-dense phase of matter that is theorized to form inside particularly massive neutron stars (which are then known as "strange stars" or "quark stars"). It's theorized that when neutronium is put under sufficient pressure due to the gravitation of a large neutron star, the individual neutrons break down and their constituent quarks form strange matter. Strange matter is composed of strange quarks bound to each...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Massive Compact Halo Object (MACHO) -- Massive compact halo objects, or MACHOs, are a type of astronomical body proposed as one possible explanation for the presence of dark matter in galactic halos. A MACHO is a small chunk of normal baryonic matter, far smaller than a star, which drifts through interstellar space unassociated with any solar system. Since MACHOs would not emit any light of their own, they would be very hard to detect. Recent work has suggested that MACHOs are not...

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Word of the Day
  • The navel or umbilicus.
  • In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
  • A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.
'Omphalos' comes from the ancient Greek.