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Latest Exotic matter Stories

Flavor Changing Neutrinos
2013-08-23 13:29:53

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Protons, neutrons, and electrons – it is these tiny particles that make up most of the normal matter (that is, non-dark matter) in the Universe. Yet it is another, nearly massless particle that may turn out to be the most revealing about the nature of the cosmos. The neutrino plays a crucial role in nuclear processes such as fusion. But because of its small mass and neutral charge, it is very difficult to measure and study...

I Love Q Formula Insights Into Universe
2013-07-26 11:51:21

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Without understanding the internal structure in detail, it is still possible for scientists to learn a tremendous amount about neutron stars and quark stars, according to a new study from researchers at Montana State University. "The stars could be the softest or the hardest in their kind, and it wouldn't matter," said Nico Yunes, assistant professor in MSU's Department of Physics. Yunes and his colleague, postdoctoral scholar Kent...

Nature's Constants Not Constant
2013-07-05 08:29:31

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of astronomers wrote in the journal Physical Review Letters they were able to test a controversial theory about the constants of nature. The team studied a distant white dwarf star using the Hubble Space Telescope to measure the strength of the electromagnetic force, or alpha, one of the four fundamental forces that shape the universe as we know it. The researchers hoped to determine whether the laws of physics...

Computer Simulations Shed New Light On Neutron Star Formation
2013-06-28 04:30:08

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics (MPA) have, for the first time, created three-dimensional computer models in order to study the formation of neutron stars at the center of collapsing stars, officials from the German research center announced earlier this week. By creating what they call the most expensive and elaborate computer simulations of the process to date, the team of investigators confirmed,...

Pulsating White Dwarf Discovered By UT Astronomers
2013-06-20 12:47:40

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A group of astronomers have discovered pulsations from the crystallized remnant of a burnt-out star. The researchers recently reported in The Astrophysical Journal Letters that they were able to use the 2.1-meter Otto Struve Telescope at the University of Texas McDonald Observatory to take a look at the white dwarf GD 518 and discover the pulsations. This finding will allow scientists to see below the star's atmosphere and into its...

Project Maps Detailed Motions Of Universe
2013-06-14 11:35:29

Watch the video "Cosmography of the Local Universe" John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Visualizing the Universe is quite difficult. For one, the cosmos is enormous, far beyond the dimensions the human mind can comprehend. However, there is also the technical problem that we usually see images of the Universe as a two-dimensional image or map. Without the benefit of depth, we can´t truly appreciate the scale, orientation, and distribution of matter in...

Dark Matter Not Actually Dark
2013-06-11 09:51:15

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online For more than 80 years physicists and astronomers have been searching for an elusive form of matter that appears to be responsible for most of the mass in the Universe. While the presence of this dark matter can be measured by the gravitational influence of the particles, directly “seeing” the mass has proven troublesome. The working theory for decades has been that the candidate particle should be...

Double Star System Detected Using New South African Radio Telescope
2013-05-16 13:22:20

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Karoo Array Telescope (KAT-7) in South Africa have revealed giant outbursts from X-ray binary star system Circinus X-1. The team watched as the double star system fired off energetic matter from its core into the surrounding system in extensive, compact jets that flared brightly. Circinus X-1 is a neutron star system where the two stars orbit each other every 16.5 days in an elliptical orbit. When the two...

Second Sound Observed In A Quantum Gas
2013-05-16 08:27:02

University of Innsbruck Below a critical temperature, certain fluids become superfluid and lose internal friction. In addition, fluids in this state conduct heat extremely efficiently, with energy transport occurring in a distinct temperature wave. Because of the similarities to a sound wave, this temperature wave is also called second sound. To explain the nature of superfluids, the famous physicist Lev Landau developed the theory of two-fluid hydrodynamics in Moscow in 1941. He assumed...

Blowing Bubbles: The Hunt For Dark Matter Is On At SNOLAB
2013-05-03 05:07:09

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online The search for dark matter has been heating up over the last year or so. First, researchers using the Fermi Gamma-ray Telescope announced that a preliminary analysis of the soft gamma-ray data suggested evidence of dark matter annihilations coming from the galactic center. Then, early results from the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer found an excess of positrons in their data, an expected signature of dark matter...


Latest Exotic matter Reference Libraries

7_58175f5465a1e9a63adec3509c888ff12
2004-10-19 04:45:44

WIMP -- In astronomy, WIMPs, or weakly interacting massive particles, figure into one explanation of the dark matter problem. The particles are called "weakly interacting" because they seem not to have much interaction with normal matter (electrons, protons, and neutrons) other than gravitational attraction (thus "massive"). Assuming that there are Weakly Interacting Massive Particles, these particles would then fall out of equilibrium with the universe when they are non-relativistic....

6_c21be0ecb1b565a9be109a383c38223f2
2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

6_79c799b9f03f60809a9d0aecf38491202
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

6_f22173fe0f79e2d306163d61f6859f022
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Strange Matter -- Strange matter (also known as quark matter) is an ultra-dense phase of matter that is theorized to form inside particularly massive neutron stars (which are then known as "strange stars" or "quark stars"). It's theorized that when neutronium is put under sufficient pressure due to the gravitation of a large neutron star, the individual neutrons break down and their constituent quarks form strange matter. Strange matter is composed of strange quarks bound to each...

6_da99fb8ccd6eba27f4bcf7590775bd272
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Massive Compact Halo Object (MACHO) -- Massive compact halo objects, or MACHOs, are a type of astronomical body proposed as one possible explanation for the presence of dark matter in galactic halos. A MACHO is a small chunk of normal baryonic matter, far smaller than a star, which drifts through interstellar space unassociated with any solar system. Since MACHOs would not emit any light of their own, they would be very hard to detect. Recent work has suggested that MACHOs are not...

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Word of the Day
malpais
  • The ragged surface of a lava-flow.
'Malpais' translates from Spanish as 'bad land.'