Latest Exotic matter Stories

Supernova Was Caused By A Yellow Supergiant
2012-09-29 06:47:07

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A team of Japanese researchers has discovered evidence that a yellow supergiant (YSG) was, in fact, the progenitor for a recently discovered supernova -- a discovery which they say raises serious questions regarding our understanding of the evolution of massive stars. Melina Bersten of the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU) and colleagues analyzed evidence and discovered that supernova...

The Quantum World Can Be A Surprising Place
2012-09-07 09:14:58

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Thermalization is the process of particles reaching thermal equilibrium through mutual interaction. We see this process around us every day. Take for example, ice cubes dropped into a pot of hot water. The cubes melt and cannot remain stable. Well-ordered ice crystals turn into a disordered liquid as the molecules of the ice and the molecules of the water reach thermal equilibrium, ending up at the same temperature. Research at the...

Neutrino Experiment Installation Underway
2012-09-07 07:20:12

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The first block of what will be the largest, most advanced neutrino experiment in North America is now being installed in Minnesota. On track to come online in 2013, the NuMI Off-Axis Appearance experiment — NOvA for short — will study the properties of neutrinos, such as their masses, and investigate whether they helped give matter an edge over antimatter after both were created in equal amounts in the Big Bang....

Neutrinos Can Alter Exploding Star Physics
2012-08-22 10:27:27

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Within the heart of exploding stars, sparse halos of neutrinos exert a previously unrecognized influence on the physics of the explosion and may alter which elements can be forged by these violent events. Neutrinos are one of the fundamental particles that make up the Universe. Although neutrinos are similar to the electron, they have one important difference; they carry no electrical charge. Being electrically neutral, they are not...

2012-08-21 17:05:23

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A debate that has been raging over the distribution of matter in the universe can finally be put to bed thanks to the WiggleZ Dark Matter survey that was conducted over 276 nights from August 2006 to January 2011. The majority of physicists believe that the matter in the universe is distributed evenly on the largest scales and this outlook has fueled everything from Einstein´s equations to calculations that are the foundation for...

2012-08-13 15:05:08

Gamma-ray photons seen emanating from the center of the Milky Way galaxy are consistent with the intriguing possibility that dark-matter particles are annihilating each other in space, according to research submitted by UC Irvine astrophysicists to the American Physical Society journal Physical Review D. Kevork Abazajian, assistant professor, and Manoj Kaplinghat, associate professor, of the Department of Physics & Astronomy analyzed data collected between August 2008 and June 2012...

There's Plenty Of Dark Matter Near The Sun
2012-08-09 14:54:46

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers at the University of Zurich, ETH Zurich, the University of Leicester and NOAC Beijing have found large amounts of invisible "dark matter" near the Sun. They also found tantalizing hints of a new dark matter component within our own galaxy. The study results, which will be published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, are consistent with the theory that the Milky Way is surrounded by a massive...

Search For Dark Matter: XENON100 Search Sets Record Limits
2012-07-19 06:09:01

Scientists from the XENON collaboration announced a new result from their search for dark matter. The analysis of data taken with the XENON100 detector during 13 months of operation at the Gran Sasso Laboratory (Italy) provided no evidence for the existence of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs), the leading dark matter candidates. Two events being observed are statistically consistent with one expected event from background radiation. Compared to their previous 2011 result the...

Looking Into The Heart Of A Supernova
2012-07-12 21:01:00

Caltech simulation points out how to detect a rapidly spinning stellar core Each century, about two massive stars in our own galaxy explode, producing magnificent supernovae. These stellar explosions send fundamental, uncharged particles called neutrinos streaming our way and generate ripples called gravitational waves in the fabric of space-time. Scientists are waiting for the neutrinos and gravitational waves from about 1000 supernovae that have already exploded at distant locations in...

CERN Confirms Neutrinos Not Faster Than Light
2012-06-11 06:29:34

Einstein´s Theory Of Relativity Preserved Physicists working at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Switzerland on Friday concluded once and for all that neutrinos are definitely not faster than the speed of light, preserving Einstein´s Theory of Special Relativity that was challenged by earlier experiments. The challenge was first made last year when researchers published results of an experiment that seemed to indicate that neutrinos were moving about 3.7...

Latest Exotic matter Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:44

WIMP -- In astronomy, WIMPs, or weakly interacting massive particles, figure into one explanation of the dark matter problem. The particles are called "weakly interacting" because they seem not to have much interaction with normal matter (electrons, protons, and neutrons) other than gravitational attraction (thus "massive"). Assuming that there are Weakly Interacting Massive Particles, these particles would then fall out of equilibrium with the universe when they are non-relativistic....

2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Strange Matter -- Strange matter (also known as quark matter) is an ultra-dense phase of matter that is theorized to form inside particularly massive neutron stars (which are then known as "strange stars" or "quark stars"). It's theorized that when neutronium is put under sufficient pressure due to the gravitation of a large neutron star, the individual neutrons break down and their constituent quarks form strange matter. Strange matter is composed of strange quarks bound to each...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Massive Compact Halo Object (MACHO) -- Massive compact halo objects, or MACHOs, are a type of astronomical body proposed as one possible explanation for the presence of dark matter in galactic halos. A MACHO is a small chunk of normal baryonic matter, far smaller than a star, which drifts through interstellar space unassociated with any solar system. Since MACHOs would not emit any light of their own, they would be very hard to detect. Recent work has suggested that MACHOs are not...

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Word of the Day
  • In music, a work for a keyboard-instrument, like the pianoforte or organ, originally intended to utilize and display varieties of touch: but the term has been extended so as to include many irregular works, similar to the prelude, the fantasia, and the improvisation.
This word is Italian in origin, coming from the feminine past participle of 'toccare,' to touch.