Latest Extragalactic astronomy Stories

Petal-like Shells And Strange Star Clusters
2013-10-10 11:08:51

[ Watch The Video: Zooming in on PGC 6240 ] [ Watch The Video: Panning across PGC 6240 ] NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope PGC 6240 is an elliptical galaxy that resembles a pale rose in the sky, with hazy shells of stars encircling a very bright center. Some of these shells are packed close to the center of the galaxy, while others are flung further out into space. Several wisps of material have been thrown so far that they appear to be almost detached from the galaxy altogether....

2013-09-25 23:03:00

USRA-led team finds polarized starlight implicates interstellar dust as host of hydrogen molecule formation, allows tracing magnetic fields in space. Columbia, MD1 (PRWEB) September 25, 2013 In a paper published in the Oct. 1, 2013, issue of The Astrophysical Journal, an integrated team of observers and theoreticians led by USRA astronomer Dr. B-G Andersson, has used telescopes in Spain, Hawaii, Arizona, and New Mexico, to show – for the first time – that intense molecular hydrogen...

Densest Galaxy Discovered
2013-09-24 15:58:52

[ Watch the Video: Hubble Locates Densest Galaxy Ever ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The distance from our sun to the next closest star, Alpha Centauri, is 25.6 trillion miles. While that may seem far, try to imagine 10,000 stars sitting between the two solar systems, meaning the stars would be spaced about the distance from Earth to Pluto. That’s exactly the scenario in M60-UCD1, a recently discovered 'ultra-compact dwarf galaxy' described in a study by a...

Sleeping Supermassive Black Holes Can Have Periods Of Intense Flare-Ups
2013-09-24 14:01:00

[ Watch the Video: Intense Flare-Ups In Supermassive Black Holes ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Around 2 million years ago, the supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy erupted in a blaze of glory big enough to leave a residual glow that can still be seen today, according to an upcoming paper to be published in The Astrophysical Journal. The astronomers who conducted the study said their findings support the theory that black holes can ‘awaken from...

coma cluster of galaxies
2013-09-20 04:46:30

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In the Coma cluster of galaxies, a team of astronomers has discovered enormous arms of hot gas using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and ESA's XMM-Newton. These arms span at least a half a million light years. The scientists say they will provide insight into how the Coma cluster has grown through mergers of smaller groups and clusters of galaxies to become one of the largest structures in the Universe held together by gravity. A...

Milky Way In 3D
2013-09-13 11:09:37

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Because of our location within the Milky Way, it is quite a challenge to get a bird’s eye view of our galaxy. To really get a sense for what our corner of the cosmos really looks like, astronomers have to take detailed measurements of billions of stars and attempt to accurately measure their distance from Earth. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE) have now created the most detailed model...

Astronomers Find Peanut Sitting In Middle Of Milky Way
2013-09-12 10:32:13

[ Watch the Video: Artist's Impression Of The Milky Way ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers, publishing two papers in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, say they've found a peanut sitting in the heart of the Milky Way galaxy. Two teams used data from European Southern Observatory (ESO) telescopes to create a three-dimensional map of the central parts of the Milky Way. While crafting the map they found that the inner regions of the galaxy take on a...

Clumpy Structure Makes Disk Galaxies Look Alike Over Time
2013-09-12 06:49:36

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers at Iowa State University and IBM have identified why virtually all disk galaxies grow out of their irregular, clumped appearance, and why their older stars acquire the same smooth look as they fade from a bright center to a faint edge. The astronomers say that whether these young disk galaxies are big, small, isolated or crowded in a cluster, the reason they all eventually look alike is due to their clumpy structure,...

Latest Extragalactic astronomy Reference Libraries

2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

2010-09-16 15:00:46

The NGC 5866, located in the Draco constellation, is named after the galaxy with the highest magnitude however some catalogs list NGC 5907 as the brightest member. The M51 Group and the M101 Group are NGC 5866 closest neighbor. The distances between these groups are similar which suggest the three groups are part of a single large, loose, elongated group. However, most identification methods consider them separate.

2010-09-13 17:13:25

The M101 Group, one of many in the Virgo Supercluster, is located in Ursa Major and named after the brightest galaxy in the group, the Pinwheel Galaxy (M101). The group is composed mostly of members that are companions of the Pinwheel Galaxy. The M51 Group and the NGC 5866 Group are M101's closest neighbor. The distances between these groups are similar which suggest the three groups are part of a single large, loose, elongated group. However, most identification methods consider them...

2010-09-13 17:09:55

The M81 Group, containing the well known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, is a group of galaxies within the constellation Ursa Major. Along with Messier 81 and 82 are several other galaxies with apparent brightness. The center, located at an approximate distance of 3.6 Mpc, is one of the nearest groups to the Local Group. The total estimated mass of the group is (1.03 ± 0.17) × 1012M☉. The Virgo Supercluster contains the M81 Group, the Local Group, and some other nearby...

2010-09-13 17:07:12

The M51 Group, located in Canes Venatici, is named after the brightest galaxy in the group, the Whirlpool Galaxy (M51A). The few other notable members include the companion galaxy to the Whirlpool Galaxy (M51B) and the Sunflower Galaxy (M63).

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