Latest Extragalactic astronomy Stories

Astronomers Find Peanut Sitting In Middle Of Milky Way
2013-09-12 10:32:13

[ Watch the Video: Artist's Impression Of The Milky Way ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers, publishing two papers in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, say they've found a peanut sitting in the heart of the Milky Way galaxy. Two teams used data from European Southern Observatory (ESO) telescopes to create a three-dimensional map of the central parts of the Milky Way. While crafting the map they found that the inner regions of the galaxy take on a...

Clumpy Structure Makes Disk Galaxies Look Alike Over Time
2013-09-12 06:49:36

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers at Iowa State University and IBM have identified why virtually all disk galaxies grow out of their irregular, clumped appearance, and why their older stars acquire the same smooth look as they fade from a bright center to a faint edge. The astronomers say that whether these young disk galaxies are big, small, isolated or crowded in a cluster, the reason they all eventually look alike is due to their clumpy structure,...

Bizarre Alignment Observed In Butterfly-Shaped Nebulae
2013-09-04 08:57:07

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study by astronomers from the University of Manchester shows how planetary nebulae line up in the sky in the same way. A planetary nebula occurs in the final stages of a star's life when its outer layers begin to stretch out into the surrounding space. Such nebulae can create beautiful objects in the night sky, with some stretching out into an hourglass or butterfly shape. The latest research, published in the Monthly Notices of...

Milky Way Gas Cloud Creates Multiple Images Of Distant Quasar
2013-08-29 03:49:01

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Using the National Science Foundation's Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) radio telescope system, astronomers have for the first time managed to capture an image of a distant quasar split into multiple images due to the effects of a cloud of ionized gas in the Milky Way. While these events were first predicted some four decades ago, the VLBA has managed to obtain the first evidence of their existence. Using the array, the...

Hubble Explores Origins Of Galaxies
2013-08-15 11:29:11

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the major astronomical advancements of the 20th century was the ability to study in great detail the galaxies that make up our Universe. Instruments like the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) have brought a level of resolution that has allowed us to trace the history and evolution of galactic dynamics. Currently, galaxies are classified by the Hubble Sequence – a system whereby galaxies are grouped by their sizes, shapes,...

Dwarf Galaxy 'NGC 1232' Caught Ramming Into A Large Spiral
2013-08-14 14:41:32

Chandra X-ray Observatory Observations with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have revealed a massive cloud of multimillion-degree gas in a galaxy about 60 million light years from Earth. The hot gas cloud is likely caused by a collision between a dwarf galaxy and a much larger galaxy called NGC 1232. If confirmed, this discovery would mark the first time such a collision has been detected only in X-rays, and could have implications for understanding how galaxies grow through similar...

Quasar Observed In 6 Separate Light Reflections
2013-08-10 06:17:06

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Part of the educational process for college students majoring in the sciences is to engage in research activities, helping them to experience the challenges and triumphs they will experience in their careers. Because of the learning curve for most research progress, as well as small windows of time in order to complete the projects, undergraduate research experiences are often less-than-exciting. Occasionally, however, a...

Magellanic Stream Origins Discovered By Hubble
2013-08-08 15:15:43

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Stretching almost halfway around the Milky Way galaxy, the Magellanic Stream is a ribbon of gas that has puzzled astronomers for decades. Now, using data from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), astronomers now believe that they have nailed down its source. Visible from the southern hemisphere, the dwarf galaxies known as the large and small Magellanic Clouds - the LMC and SMC, respectively - are two of our nearest galactic...

Latest Extragalactic astronomy Reference Libraries

2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

2010-09-16 15:00:46

The NGC 5866, located in the Draco constellation, is named after the galaxy with the highest magnitude however some catalogs list NGC 5907 as the brightest member. The M51 Group and the M101 Group are NGC 5866 closest neighbor. The distances between these groups are similar which suggest the three groups are part of a single large, loose, elongated group. However, most identification methods consider them separate.

2010-09-13 17:13:25

The M101 Group, one of many in the Virgo Supercluster, is located in Ursa Major and named after the brightest galaxy in the group, the Pinwheel Galaxy (M101). The group is composed mostly of members that are companions of the Pinwheel Galaxy. The M51 Group and the NGC 5866 Group are M101's closest neighbor. The distances between these groups are similar which suggest the three groups are part of a single large, loose, elongated group. However, most identification methods consider them...

2010-09-13 17:09:55

The M81 Group, containing the well known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, is a group of galaxies within the constellation Ursa Major. Along with Messier 81 and 82 are several other galaxies with apparent brightness. The center, located at an approximate distance of 3.6 Mpc, is one of the nearest groups to the Local Group. The total estimated mass of the group is (1.03 ± 0.17) × 1012M☉. The Virgo Supercluster contains the M81 Group, the Local Group, and some other nearby...

2010-09-13 17:07:12

The M51 Group, located in Canes Venatici, is named after the brightest galaxy in the group, the Whirlpool Galaxy (M51A). The few other notable members include the companion galaxy to the Whirlpool Galaxy (M51B) and the Sunflower Galaxy (M63).

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Word of the Day
  • A Roman unit of weight, 1⁄1728 of a pound.
  • A weight of four grains used in weighing gold and precious stones; a carat.
  • In anatomy, a formation suggesting a husk or pod.
  • The lowest unit in the Roman coinage, the twenty-fourth part of a solidus.
  • A coin of base silver of the Gothic and Lombard kings of Italy.
'Siliqua' comes from a Latin word meaning 'a pod.'