Latest Extragalactic astronomy Stories

Hubble Explores Origins Of Galaxies
2013-08-15 11:29:11

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the major astronomical advancements of the 20th century was the ability to study in great detail the galaxies that make up our Universe. Instruments like the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) have brought a level of resolution that has allowed us to trace the history and evolution of galactic dynamics. Currently, galaxies are classified by the Hubble Sequence – a system whereby galaxies are grouped by their sizes, shapes,...

Dwarf Galaxy 'NGC 1232' Caught Ramming Into A Large Spiral
2013-08-14 14:41:32

Chandra X-ray Observatory Observations with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have revealed a massive cloud of multimillion-degree gas in a galaxy about 60 million light years from Earth. The hot gas cloud is likely caused by a collision between a dwarf galaxy and a much larger galaxy called NGC 1232. If confirmed, this discovery would mark the first time such a collision has been detected only in X-rays, and could have implications for understanding how galaxies grow through similar...

Quasar Observed In 6 Separate Light Reflections
2013-08-10 06:17:06

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Part of the educational process for college students majoring in the sciences is to engage in research activities, helping them to experience the challenges and triumphs they will experience in their careers. Because of the learning curve for most research progress, as well as small windows of time in order to complete the projects, undergraduate research experiences are often less-than-exciting. Occasionally, however, a...

Magellanic Stream Origins Discovered By Hubble
2013-08-08 15:15:43

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Stretching almost halfway around the Milky Way galaxy, the Magellanic Stream is a ribbon of gas that has puzzled astronomers for decades. Now, using data from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), astronomers now believe that they have nailed down its source. Visible from the southern hemisphere, the dwarf galaxies known as the large and small Magellanic Clouds - the LMC and SMC, respectively - are two of our nearest galactic...

ESO’s VLT Captures Unlikely Pair In Large Magellanic Cloud
2013-08-07 18:32:09

[ Watch the Video: ESO Captures Pair of Mysterious Glowing Gas Clouds ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online A newly released image from the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope (VLT) has exposed new details about the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), a galactic neighbor of the Milky Way. The LMC was discovered by its namesake, Ferdinand Magellan, when the explorer's famous trip to circumnavigate the globe took him through the southern hemisphere in...

Old Age Makes Monster Galaxies Picky Eaters
2013-08-02 13:32:17

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new analysis from scientists at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) revealed that supermassive galaxies have stopped cannibalizing their neighbors over the past few billion years. The finding calls current models for galactic growth into question. "We've found that these massive galaxies may have started a diet in the last 5 billion years, and therefore have not gained much weight lately," said Yen-Ting Lin of the Academia Sinica...

Unraveling Galactic History Begins With A Black Hole's Spin
2013-07-30 14:11:38

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A supermassive black hole is believed to sit at the center of each large galaxy, and a new technique designed to detect the dark abyss' spin could be the key to unraveling a galaxy's history. While black holes cannot be seen directly, their behavior can be determined by looking at how they affect nearby objects. A paper published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society describes a new technique that was developed by...

WIYN Telescope Captures Highly Detailed Whirlpool Galaxy Image
2013-07-26 18:40:41

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have been observing the Whirlpool Galaxy since the 18th century, but they've never seen it like this. A new One Degree Imager (ODI) camera at the Kitt Peak National Observatory in Arizona has captured stunning new images of the distant spiral galaxy in never-before-seen detail. When used with the WIYN 3.5-meter telescope at the observatory, the camera is able to provide images of the Whirlpool Galaxy and its companion...

Mystery Missing Massive Galaxies
2013-07-24 13:28:57

[ Watch the Video: Three-Dimensional View of NGC 253 ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New observations have given a group of astronomers the best view yet of how star formation regions can get selfish and gassy. Astronomers using the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) ALMA telescope in Chile say they have discovered how vigorous star formation in a galaxy can blast gas out of it and deprive future generations of stars of the fuel they need to form and grow....

Latest Extragalactic astronomy Reference Libraries

2010-09-16 15:18:29

The Virgo Cluster consists of galaxies at a distance of around 59 Mly away in the constellation Virgo. Containing between 1300 to 2000 galaxies the Virgo Cluster is the heart of the Local Supercluster. Its mass is estimated at 1.2 × 1015 M☉ out to 8 degrees of the cluster's center or a radius of about 2.2 Mpc. Most of the brighter galaxies in the cluster were discovered by Charles Messier in the late 1770's and early 1780's, including the giant elliptical Messier 87. Messier...

2010-09-16 15:00:46

The NGC 5866, located in the Draco constellation, is named after the galaxy with the highest magnitude however some catalogs list NGC 5907 as the brightest member. The M51 Group and the M101 Group are NGC 5866 closest neighbor. The distances between these groups are similar which suggest the three groups are part of a single large, loose, elongated group. However, most identification methods consider them separate.

2010-09-13 17:13:25

The M101 Group, one of many in the Virgo Supercluster, is located in Ursa Major and named after the brightest galaxy in the group, the Pinwheel Galaxy (M101). The group is composed mostly of members that are companions of the Pinwheel Galaxy. The M51 Group and the NGC 5866 Group are M101's closest neighbor. The distances between these groups are similar which suggest the three groups are part of a single large, loose, elongated group. However, most identification methods consider them...

2010-09-13 17:09:55

The M81 Group, containing the well known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, is a group of galaxies within the constellation Ursa Major. Along with Messier 81 and 82 are several other galaxies with apparent brightness. The center, located at an approximate distance of 3.6 Mpc, is one of the nearest groups to the Local Group. The total estimated mass of the group is (1.03 ± 0.17) × 1012M☉. The Virgo Supercluster contains the M81 Group, the Local Group, and some other nearby...

2010-09-13 17:07:12

The M51 Group, located in Canes Venatici, is named after the brightest galaxy in the group, the Whirlpool Galaxy (M51A). The few other notable members include the companion galaxy to the Whirlpool Galaxy (M51B) and the Sunflower Galaxy (M63).

More Articles (25 articles) »
Word of the Day
  • A somewhat riotous parade, accompanied with the blowing of tin horns, and other discordant noises; also, a burlesque serenade; a charivari.
'Callithump' is a back-formation of 'callithumpian,' a 'fanciful formation' according to the Oxford English Dictionary. However, the English Dialect Dictionary, says 'Gallithumpians' is a Dorset and Devon word from the 1790s that refers to 'a society of radical social reformers' or 'noisy disturbers of elections and meetings.'