Latest Extrasolar planet Stories

IAU contest
2014-10-06 06:38:41

Provided by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) The IAU invites all public organizations with an interest in astronomy to register on the IAU Directory for World Astronomy website for the NameExoWorlds contest, where they will in early 2015 be able to suggest names for exoplanets and their host stars. For the first time in history the public will then be able to vote for the official name of stars and planets. The IAU Directory for World Astronomy will function as a permanent...

exoplanet sun wobble
2014-09-16 04:19:22

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online It would seem like a star couldn't be affected by anything less than another star, but new evidence from Cornell University reveals that "hot Jupiters," or large gaseous exoplanets, can cause their host stars to wobble as the planets wind their way through their own solar systems to snuggle up against their suns. "Although the planet's mass is only one-thousandth of the mass of the sun, the stars in these other solar systems are...

coldest known brown dwarf
2014-09-11 03:00:56

Jacqueline Faherty, Carnegie Institution A team of scientists led by Carnegie's Jacqueline Faherty has discovered the first evidence of water ice clouds on an object outside of our own Solar System. Water ice clouds exist on our own gas giant planets--Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune--but have not been seen outside of the planets orbiting our Sun until now. Their findings are published Tuesday, Sept. 9 by The Astrophysical Journal Letters and are available here. At the Las Campanas...

Hypatia Catalog
2014-08-20 04:20:02

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The largest catalog ever assembled for stellar compositions was unveiled this week by Arizona State University (ASU) alumna Natalie Hinkle. Hinkle, who graduated in 2012 from ASU with a doctorate in astrophysics, named her project the Hypatia Catalog after one of the first female astronomers who lived ~350 AD in Alexandria. The catalog is described in an upcoming issue of The Astronomical Journal. The new catalog is critical to...

hunting for exomoons
2014-08-12 08:51:02

University of Texas at Arlington Scientists hunting for life beyond Earth have discovered more than 1,800 planets outside our solar system, or exoplanets, in recent years, but so far, no one has been able to confirm an exomoon. Now, physicists from The University of Texas at Arlington believe following a trail of radio wave emissions may lead them to that discovery. Their recent findings, published in the Aug. 10 issue of The Astrophysical Journal, describe radio wave emissions that...

Spitzer Space Telescope
2014-08-10 02:00:38

Whitney Clavin, Jet Propulsion Laboratory NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has received the 2014 AIAA Space Science Award for its ongoing infrared studies of the hidden cosmos. The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, or AIAA, a society for the field of aerospace engineering, established the award in 1961 for "individuals demonstrating leadership of innovative scientific investigation associated with space science missions." Michael Werner, the project scientist for Spitzer...

Companion planets
2014-08-02 04:44:52

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For humans, having a companion in our later years can help increase our lifespan. A new study led by the University of Washington shows that having a companion might also extend the life of some Earth-sized planets. As a planet ages, it cools and the molten core solidifies. This leads to a dwindling of the inner heat-generating activity that keeps the planet habitable by regulating carbon dioxide to prevent runaway heating and...

protoplanetary discs in a double star
2014-07-31 05:31:40

ESO Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have found wildly misaligned planet-forming gas disks around the two young stars in the binary system HK Tauri. These new ALMA observations provide the clearest picture ever of protoplanetary disks in a double star. The new result also helps to explain why so many exoplanets — unlike the planets in the Solar System — came to have strange, eccentric or inclined orbits. The results will appear in the journal...

polluted exoplanet
2014-07-24 04:09:47

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Industrial pollution could help in the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI), claim Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) researchers who have started looking for signs of pollutions on other worlds. According to the study authors, by studying exoplanet atmospheres, scientists can look for gases such as oxygen and methane that only exist together if they are replenished by microbial life. In addition, they...

exoplanets need oceans to be habitable
2014-07-22 04:02:47

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online While many previous studies on habitable planetary conditions have focused on the atmosphere, a new study from UK researchers at the University of East Anglia has found that the dynamics of a planet’s ocean is crucial to supporting life. Published in the journal Astrobiology, the new study shows oceans help to moderate climate on a global scale. “The number of planets being discovered outside our solar system is rapidly...

Latest Extrasolar planet Reference Libraries

Planetary Astronomy
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: Artistic concept of a planetary system. Credit: Wikipedia/NASA/JPL-Caltech The term Astronomy encompasses a broad range of topics, including the study of stars, galaxies, and planets. In order to focus on the different areas of study, many subfields of astronomy emerge. One such area is the study of planets known, appropriately, as Planetary Astronomy. Observational Planetary Astronomy Even within the field of Planetary Astronomy, there are several divisions to...

Planetary and Space Science
2012-05-28 10:21:45

Planetary and Space Science is a peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1959 and published by Elsevier 15 times per year. As of May 2012, the editor-in-chief is Rita Schulz (The Netherlands). The journal publishes original research articles and short communications. The main focus is on solar system processes which encompass multiple areas of the natural sciences. Research that involves planetary and space sciences involves many disciplines. Celestial mechanics is part of these...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Terrestrial Planet -- A terrestrial planet is a planet that is mostly composed of silicate rocks and may or may not have a relatively thin atmosphere. The term is derived from the Greek word for Earth, so an alternate definition would be those planets that are more Earth-like than not. Terrestrial planets are very different from gas giants, which may or may not have solid surfaces and are composed mostly of hydrogen and helium in various physical states. Only one terrestrial planet,...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Planet -- A planet is a body of considerable mass that orbits a star and that doesn't produce energy through nuclear fusion. Until recently, only nine were known (all of them in our own Solar system). As of the end of 2002 over 100 are known, with all of the new discoveries being extrasolar planets. Astronomers often call asteroids minor planets, and call the larger planetary bodies (those which are commonly called planets) major planets. Planets within the solar system can be...

Gas Giant
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Gas Giant -- A gas giant is a generic astronomical term invented by the science fiction writer James Blish to describe any large planet that is not composed mostly of rock or other solid matter. Gas giants may still have a solid core - in fact, it is expected that such a core is probably required for a gas giant to form - but the majority of its mass is in the form of gas (or gas compressed into a liquid state). Unlike rocky planets, gas giants do not have a well-defined surface. There...

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Word of the Day
  • A unit of saved energy.
Coined by Amory Lovins, chairman of the Rocky Mountain Institute as a contraction of negative watt on the model of similar compounds like megawatt.