Latest Extreme points of Earth Stories
Sea ice decline and warming trends are changing the vegetation in nearby arctic coastal areas, according to two University of Alaska Fairbanks scientists.
Slight changes in the timing of the annual loss of sea-ice in polar regions could have dire consequences for polar ecosystems, by allowing a lot more sunlight to reach the sea floor.
Russia has blocked attempts to establish marine reserves in the Ross Sea and Eastern Antarctica, preventing the formation of what would have become the world's largest ocean sanctuary.
While using a innovative radar analysis method to accurately image the subglacial water system under West Antarctica's Thwaites Galcier, scientists discovered a swamp-like canal system beneath the ice.
Lake Vostok, the largest of some 400 subglacial lakes scattering Antarctica’s frozen world, has been the subject of research for at least the past 15 years. Lying more than 2 miles below the surface, the lake was first drilled in 1998 by a team of Russian, French and American scientists.
A vast crater has been found in Antarctica's icy surface by the European Space Agency's CryoSat satellite. The crater was formed, scientists believe, when a lake lying under about 2 miles of ice drained suddenly.
In 2007, Russian explorers dived down below the North Pole in a submersible and planted a national flag to make the point that it had rights to the energy riches of the Arctic. Now, a group of activists planted a "Flag For The Future" in the same area.
Antarctica is the Earths southernmost continent; it contains the geographic South Pole. It’s situated in the Antarctic area of the Southern Hemisphere, almost completely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is bordered by the Southern Ocean. It’s the fifth-largest continent at 5.4 million sq miles. On average, it is the driest, coldest, and windiest continent as well as having the highest average elevation of all the continents. Considered a desert, the annual precipitation is only 8...
The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station is a U.S. research facility based at the South Pole, in Antarctica. It is the southernmost continually inhabited place on the planet. Its name honors Roald Amundsen who reached the South Pole in December 1911, and Robert F. Scott who reached the South Pole in January 1912. The station was constructed in 1956 to support the International Geophysical Year in 1957. It has been continuously occupied since then. It currently lies within 330 feet of the...
Arctic Circle -- The Arctic (Land of the Midnight Sun) is the area around the earth's North Pole while antarctic is in South Pole. It includes parts of Russia, Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Lapland and Svalbard as well as the Arctic Ocean. The Arctic Circle is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. Everything north of this circle is known as the Arctic, and the zone just to the south of this circle is the Northern Temperate Zone. This is the parallel of...
- Large; stout; burly.