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Latest Extremophile Stories

Promiscuous Extremophiles Better Oil Spill Cleanup
2013-10-01 09:51:10

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers working in Antarctica have created a detailed ecological picture of so-called extremophile bacteria living in extremely salty water that can hit temperatures of -4 degrees Fahrenheit. The bacteria found in Vestfold Hills, Deep Lake – known as haloarchaea – are giving scientists new information on how life can survive in such dire conditions. They could also potentially provide new tools for bioengineering techniques,...

Subglacial Antarctic Lake Sediments Contain Diversity Of Ancent Lifeforms
2013-09-11 09:28:57

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A group of British scientists has for the first time found evidence of diverse lifeforms dating back nearly 100 thousand years in subglacial lake sediment. For decades, scientists have been fascinated by the idea that extreme lifeforms might exist in the cold and dark lakes hidden miles beneath the Antarctic ice sheet. Direct sampling of these lakes in the interior of Antarctica, however, presents major technological challenges even...

Extreme Arctic Bacteria Could Thrive On Mars
2013-05-24 14:19:27

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A recent discovery made on Ellesmere Island in the Canadian High Arctic opens up the possibly that bacteria could grow on the surface of Mars. Scientists recently found that a bacterium was able to thrive at five degrees Fahrenheit, which is the coldest temperature ever reported for bacterial growth. The bacterium provides clues about preconditions for microbial life on both the Saturn moon Enceladus and Mars. The researchers...

Extreme Antarctic Bacteria May Hold Key To Life On Mars
2013-03-12 11:37:26

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online By studying microrganisms that thrive in the extreme environment of Antarctica, scientists from the University of Maryland have found new aspects of certain proteins that could enable life to function on Mars and in other extreme environments. According to their report in the journal BMC Biotechnology, the scientists found significant differences in the core proteins of Antarctic extremeophile bacteria known as Haloarchaea, when...

Mysterious Microbial Community Unveiled Using Infrared Spectromicroscopy
2013-01-22 09:45:35

DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab scientists join an international collaboration to understand how archaea and bacteria work together deep in a cold sulfur spring In the fall of 2010, Hoi-Ying Holman of the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) was approached by an international team researching a mysterious microbial community discovered deep in cold sulfur springs in southern Germany. "They told me what they were doing...

Antarctic Expedition Looks For Life In Lake Under Ice Sheet
2012-09-10 13:12:21

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of 12 British scientists are about to embark on a grueling two-and-a-half month expedition to search for life in Lake Ellsworth, which is located 1.6 miles below the surface of the Antarctic ice sheet. The British Antarctic Survey expedition, which also aims to find out the overall stability of the ice sheet, will be closely observed by NASA as a model for future space missions to the icy moons of Jupiter where it is believed...

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2010-08-12 09:50:00

Bacteria discovered in an oxygen-starved area of Argentina could demonstrate how life could exist on Mars or other planets, according to a Wednesday article by Reuters reporter Kylie Stott. A team that included National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET) microbiologist Maria Eugenia Farias discovered the unique strands of bacteria--called "polyextremophiles" because they can survive in multiple different types of extreme conditions--in an inhospitable area of the South...

2008-06-24 02:29:15

By Alicia Chang LOS ANGELES - Bizarre microbes flourish in the most punishing environments on Earth from the bone-dry Atacama Desert in Chile to the boiling hot springs of Yellowstone National Park to the sunless sea bottom vents in the Pacific. Could such exotic life emerge in the frigid arctic plains of Mars? NASA's Phoenix spacecraft could soon find out. Since plopping down near the Martian north pole a month ago, the three-legged lander has been busy poking its long arm into the...

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2008-06-23 14:00:00

Microbes flourish on Earth in many extreme environments -- from the Atacama Desert in Chile, to the hot springs of Yellowstone National Park, to the sunless sea bottom vents in Pacific. Could exotic life like this exist in the frigid arctic plains of Mars? NASA's Mars Phoenix has been poking its long arm into the sticky soil and collecting scoops of Martian dirt to both bake in a test oven and examine under a microscope. Phoenix turned up a lead last week when it uncovered what...

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2007-11-28 08:26:33

Researchers from the University of Delaware and the University of California at Riverside have thawed ice estimated to be at least a million years old from above Lake Vostok, an ancient lake that lies hidden more than two miles beneath the frozen surface of Antarctica. The scientists will now examine the eons-old water for microorganisms, and then through novel genomic techniques, try to figure out how these tiny, living "time capsules" survived the ages in total darkness, in freezing cold...


Latest Extremophile Reference Libraries

Pompeii Worm, Alvinella pompejana
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The Pompeii worm (Alvinella pompejana) is a species of polychaete worm, or bristle worm that is only found in the Pacific Ocean. It resides at hydrothermal vents, making it an extremophile, and was first discovered French marine biologists of the coat of the Galapagos Islands in the 1980s. It was described by Lucien Laubier and Daniel Desbruyeres as a deep-sea polychaete that could withstand extreme amounts of heat. The Pompeii worm can reach an average length of up to five inches and is...

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