Latest Extremophiles Stories
Although some have estimated a third of the Earth's biomass lives in our planet's rocks and sediments, little is known about these hard to reach organisms. A new report published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), with possibly wide reaching implications, looks to study one group of methane-producing microbes that live deep in the cracks of hot undersea volcanoes.
Soil samples obtained from South American volcanoes have revealed a smattering of different microbe types that have somehow managed to survive in extreme conditions.
Many manufacturing processes rely on microorganisms to perform tricky chemical transformations or make substances from simple starting materials.
Drought events are largely unknown in Earth's history, because reconstruction of ancient hydrological conditions remains difficult due to lack of proxy.
Two meters below the surface of the Atacama Desert there is an 'oasis' of microorganisms. Researchers found it in hypersaline substrates thanks to SOLID, a detector for signs of life which could be used in environments similar to subsoil on Mars.
The nation's Renewable Fuels Standard calls for annual production of 36 billion gallons of biofuel by 2022. One of the biggest hurdles to achieving this goal lies in optimizing the multistep process involved in breaking down plant biomass and then converting it into fermentable sugars that can be refined into fuel for our transportation needs.
A museum in London is seeking the public's advice in naming a new species of sea-dwelling worm.
Prospecting for new and unusual cellulose-digesting enzymes for biofuels production.
In order to realize the full potential of advanced biofuels that are derived from non-food sources of lignocellulosic biomassâ€”e.g., agricultural, forestry, and municipal waste, and crops such as poplar, switchgrass and miscanthusâ€”new technologies that can efficiently and cost-effectively break down this biomass into simple sugars are required.
On Mondayâ€™s final launch of the NASA shuttle Endeavour, the tardigrade once again got a ride into space on a new mission: to help scientists understand more about how this extremely hardy organism can survive for short periods in outer space.
Paralvinella sulfincola is a species of worm in the Alvinellidae family. It lives among undersea hot-water vents, thriving in the hottest of waters, at temperatures that would kill most animals. This characteristic makes it an extremophile or hyperthermophile. Having the unique ability to withstand extremely hot water from hydrothermal openings enables this stalk-like worm to feed on bacteria that other animals cannot reach. It is difficult to know exactly what temperatures this species...
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