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Last updated on April 18, 2014 at 12:45 EDT

Fauna of South America Reference Libraries

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Yellow Tailed Woolly Monkey Oreonax flavicauda
2014-04-10 14:40:56

The Yellow-Tailed Woolly Monkey (Oreonax flavicauda) is a New World monkey that is native to Peru. It is a rare primate species that is found only in the Peruvian Andes, in the departments of Amaxonas and San Martin, along with the bordering areas of La Libertad, Huanuco, and Loreto. This woolly monkey was, at first, under the Lagothrix genera with other woolly monkeys, but because of debatable...

Wampus Cat
2014-01-28 15:10:48

The Wampus cat comes from American folklore as a variation of a fierce cougar. It also is compared to the Ewah of Cherokee mythology. In the myth a woman covers herself with the skin of a cougar and spies on the men of the tribe. While the men are telling sacred stories around a fire, she is caught and turned into a half-woman, half-cat by the tribe’s medicine man. The Wampus cat...

Fuegian Steamer Duck Tachyeres pteneres
2013-10-03 09:15:04

The Fuegian Steamer Duck (Tachyeres pteneres) known also as the Magellanic Flightless Steamer Duck, is a flightless duck located in South America. It belongs to the steamer duck genus Tachyeres. It inhabits the rocky coasts and coastal islands from southern Chile and Chiloe to Tierra del Fuego, switching to the adjacent sheltered lakes and bays further inland while breeding. It is a huge...

Andean White Eared Possum Didelphis pernigra
2013-09-27 10:41:06

The Andean white-eared possum (Didelphis pernigra) is a species of marsupial that is native to South America. Its range extends from Bolivia to Venezuela through the Andes Mountains. It is thought to prefer a habitat in secondary forests and agricultural areas. There is not much known about the habits of the species, but it is thought to be in danger of crossbreeding in some areas of its range,...

Big Hairy Armadillo Chaetophractus villosus
2013-08-22 11:01:24

The big hairy armadillo (Chaetophractus villosus), also known as the large hairy armadillo, is a species that can be found in South America. Its range extends from the Pampas and Patagonia south to Magallanes, Chile and Santa Cruz, Argentina, but it can also be found in the Gran Chaco Province of Bolivia, Paraguay. Because this species adapts relatively easily and it has not lost as much...

Screaming Hairy Armadillo Chaetophractus vellerosus
2013-08-22 10:52:59

The screaming hairy armadillo (Chaetophractus vellerosus), also known as the crying armadillo, is a species that is native to southern and central areas of South America. Its range includes areas of Bolivia, Argentina, and Paraguay, among other areas. It resides in a number of different habitats including tropical and subtropical arid forests, temperate deserts, and arid deserts, however it is...

Red Backed Poison Frog Ranitomeya reticulata
2013-07-30 10:57:12

The Red backed Poison Frog (Ranitomeya reticulata) is a species of frog belonging to the family Dendrobatidae. It's an arboreal insectivorous species, and is the second most poisonous species in the genus, after R. variabilis. Like many species of small poisonous frogs native to South America, it's grouped with the poison dart frogs, and is a moderately toxic species, containing poison that is...

Pichi Zaedyus pichiy
2013-06-18 12:55:08

The pichi (Zaedyus pichiy), also known as the dwarf armadillo, is a species of armadillo that can be found in a range that extends from the Straits of Magellan to Argentina. It prefers a habitat within desert scrublands, grasslands, and steppe habitats where it burrows into the sand. It is typically found at elevations between sea level and 8,202 feet above sea level. The home ranges of each...

Andean Hairy Armadillo Chaetophractus nationi
2013-06-18 12:49:57

The Andean hairy armadillo (Chaetophractus nationi) is native to Bolivia but can also be found in Argentina, Peru, and Chile. It prefers a habitat within grasslands at high elevations, where it makes burrows in the sand. The species is an omnivore, but there is little known about its habits. The Andean hairy armadillo is threatened by hunting because it is used for food, musical instruments,...

Giant Armadillo Priodontes maximus
2013-06-18 09:18:02

The giant armadillo (Priodontes maximus), known locally as many names including ocarro, is a species that is native to eastern areas of South America, although it is now found in a wide range that includes northern Argentina. It resides in a variety of habitats including tropical forests. Despite its large range, the species has a scattered distribution. The giant armadillo reaches an...