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Fauna of the United Kingdom Reference Libraries

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Natterjack Toad Epidalea calamita
2014-09-16 16:07:34

The natterjack toad, Epidalea Calamita, formerly Bufo calamita, is a toad endemic to sandy and heathland areas of Europe. The adults are about 60 to 70 millimeters long and are set apart from common toads by a yellow colored line that runs down the middle of the back. They have fairly short legs, and this provides them with a characteristic step, compared to the hopping movement of many other...

Grey Seal Halichoerus grypus
2012-11-05 11:36:13

The grey seal (Halichoerus grypus), known as the gray seal in the United States is a species that can be found on shores on both sides of the North Atlantic Ocean. Its other common names include the Atlantic grey seal and the horsehead seal, because of its elongated nose. It has a large range on the shores of Ireland and Great Britain, with larger populations residing in areas including the...

Greater Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum
2012-09-03 06:50:52

The greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) can be found in Japan, Africa, Europe, China, South Asia, Korea, and Australia. It prefers a habitat in warm regions, with open scrub and trees, human settlements, and bodies of water like ponds. It will also inhabit older orchards, glades within woodlands, and permanent pastures, among other areas. Many of its roosts occur in houses in the...

Field Vole Microtus agrestis
2012-08-05 21:06:26

The field vole (Microtus agrestis) is native to Europe, inhabiting a large range that includes Poland, France, Germany, and Belgium, among many other areas. It is not found in Ireland or in Iceland. It prefers a habitat within moist grasslands, like marshes and woodlands and along riverbanks. The population density of the field vole will fluctuate throughout a four-year period. The field...

Common Vole Microtus arvalis
2012-08-05 21:02:11

The common vole (Microtus arvalis) is native to Eurasia, with a very large range stretching across many areas. Its preferred habitat includes all areas besides densely forested areas. It will inhabit agricultural lands, and as a result will end up eating the crops found there, although it prefers grass. The common vole varies slightly in size between sexes, with males weighing an average of...

Lesser Noctule Nyctalus leisleri
2012-07-28 10:25:12

The lesser noctule (Nyctalus leisleri) is a vesper bat that is native to throughout Europe and western Asia, with a range that extends as far as the Himalayas and the Urals. Its range also includes the Canary Islands, northwest Africa, and Madeira. In Azores, it is thought that the populations there are a separate species called Azores Noctule. It can be found in habitats including...

Armored Rat Hoplomys gymnurus
2012-07-17 14:40:46

The armored rat (Hoplomys gymnurus) is the only species within the Hoplomys genus. It is native to Latin America, with a range that extends from northern Honduras into northwestern Ecuador. It prefers a habitat at altitudes of up to 2,600 feet. It resides in burrows that can be up to 6.6 feet in length, and these burrows are typically located near a water source. The armored rat bears spines...

Natterers Bat Myotis nattereri
2012-06-25 17:20:04

Natterer's bat (Myotis nattereri) is a small bat that is native to Europe. Typically, this bat bears brown fur on the back, wing, and leg membranes, with the wings appearing to be lighter in color. The underbelly is white in color. Its name is derived from Johann Natterer, an Austrian naturalist. As is typical with bats, Natterer’s bat uses echolocation to navigate and find food. The...

Cape Ground Squirrel Xerus inauris
2012-06-18 16:30:51

The Cape ground squirrel (Xerus inauris) is native to southern areas of Africa. Its range includes South Africa, Botswana, and Namibia, although it does not occur in coastal areas of this region. In Botswana, it occurs in southwestern Kalahari, and in South Africa, it occurs in south and south central areas. The name of the Cape ground squirrel is misleading, as its range is much larger than...

Smiths Bush Squirrel Paraxerus cepapi
2012-06-14 21:17:27

Smith’s bush squirrel (Paraxerus cepapi) is native to many areas of Africa including Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, and Zambia, among other regions. Its other common names include the Yellow-footed Squirrel and the South African name of Tree Squirrel. Smith’s bush squirrel is approximately 1.1 feet in length, including the tail, which can comprise up to half the...

Word of the Day
omadhaun
  • A fool; a simpleton: a term of abuse common in Ireland and to a less extent in the Gaelic-speaking parts of Scotland.
This word is partly Irish in origin.